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Blood-saving effect of prophylactic tranexamic acid use in patients undergoing cervical spine surgery / 中华麻醉学杂志
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621395
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
Objective To evaluate the blood-saving effect of prophylactic tranexamic acid (TXA) use in the patients undergoing cervical spine surgery.Methods A total of 100 patients of both sexes,aged 55-75 yr,with body mass index of 19.0-25.0 kg/m2,of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ,undergoing elective cervical laminectomy and instrumentation,were divided into TXA group and normal saline group (group NS) using a random number table,with 50 patients in each group.TXA 15 mg/kg was intravenously injected at 30 min before skin incision in group TXA,and the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in group NS.Hemoglobin was measured before operation and on postoperative days 1,3 and 5.The intraoperative,postoperative,total blood loss,hidden blood loss and requirement for blood (allogeneic and autologous blood) transfusion were recorded.The development of complications such as epidural hematoma,deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism was also recorded.Results Compared with group NS,the postoperative blood loss,total blood loss and blood transfusion rate were significantly decreased,the postoperative hemoglobin was increased (P<0.05),and no significant change was found in the intraoperative blood loos or hidden blood loss in group TXA (P>0.05).No patients developed complications such as epidural hematoma,deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism in the two groups.Conclusion Prophylactic TXA use produces blood-saving effect to some extent in the patients undergoing cervical spine surgery.

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology Year: 2017 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology Year: 2017 Type: Article