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Subchronic Oral Toxicity of Silica Nanoparticles and Silica Microparticles in Rats / 生物医学与环境科学(英文)
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690670
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the subchronic oral toxicity of silica nanoparticles (NPs) and silica microparticles (MPs) in rats and to compare the difference in toxicity between two particle sizes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into seven groups the control group; the silica NPs low-, middle-, and high-dose groups; and the silica MPs low-, middle-, and high-dose groups [166.7, 500, and 1,500 mg/(kg•bw•day)]. All rats were gavaged daily for 90 days, and deionized water was administered to the control group. Clinical observations were made daily, and body weights and food consumption were determined weekly. Blood samples were collected on day 91 for measurement of hematology and clinical biochemistry. Animals were euthanized for necropsy, and selected organs were weighed and fixed for histological examination. The tissue distribution of silicon in the blood, liver, kidneys, and testis were determined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no toxicologically significant changes in mortality, clinical signs, body weight, food consumption, necropsy findings, and organ weights. Differences between the silica groups and the control group in some hematological and clinical biochemical values and histopathological findings were not considered treatment related. The tissue distribution of silicon was comparable across all groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Our study demonstrated that neither silica NPs nor silica MPs induced toxicological effects after subchronic oral exposure in rats.</p>
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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Particle Size / Rats / Female / Male / Administration, Oral / Rats, Sprague-Dawley / Silicon Dioxide / Dose-Response Relationship, Drug / Toxicity / Nanoparticles Language: English Journal: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences Year: 2018 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Particle Size / Rats / Female / Male / Administration, Oral / Rats, Sprague-Dawley / Silicon Dioxide / Dose-Response Relationship, Drug / Toxicity / Nanoparticles Language: English Journal: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences Year: 2018 Type: Article