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Curative effect of Ranibizumab combined with laser photocoagulation for proliferative diabetic retinopathy / 国际眼科杂志(Guoji Yanke Zazhi)
International Eye Science ; (12): 638-641, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695267
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
·

AIM:

To investigate the clinical efficacy of Ranibizumab combined with laser photocoagulation in the treatment of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). ·

METHODS:

Totally 80 patients (101 eyes) with PDR admitted to our hospital from October 2014 and October 2016 were selected and divided into the observation group and the control group, with 50 eyes and 51 eyes respectively. The patients in the control group (50 eyes) were treated with panretinal photocoagulation (PRP), and the patients in observation group (51 eyes) were treated with ranibizumab on the basis of PRP treatment. Best corrected visual acuity(BCVA) was compared before and after surgery 1, 3, and 6mo. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used to examine the central macular thickness ( CMT ) and the area of neovascularization at each timepoints. Then the laser spot number,laser energy and energy density were compared between the two groups and the adverse reactions were recorded. ·

RESULTS:

Postoperative BCVA of the two groups significantly increased, and the BCVA of observation group were significantly higher than that of the control group after surgery 1, 3, 6mo, the difference was statistically significant (P<0. 05). After treatment, the CMT and neovascularization area of the two groups significantly decreased, and those of the observation group were significantly lower than those of the control group after surgery 1, 3, 6mo, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The laser spot number, laser energy and energy density of the observation group were significantly lower than those of the control group, the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05). There were 2 cases (2 eyes) in the observation group and 1 cases (1 eye) in the control group, whose intraocular pressure exceeded 28mmHg, while relieved rapidly after the treatment, and no obvious complications occurred in two groups. ·

CONCLUSION:

Ranibizumab combined with laser in the treatment of PDR is an effective and safe way to improve BCVA, reduce CMT, and eliminate new blood vessels with less required laser energy.

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: International Eye Science Year: 2018 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: International Eye Science Year: 2018 Type: Article