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Responses of dorsal horn neurons to peripheral chemical stimulation in the spinal cord of anesthetized cats
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-728343
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
Although nociceptive informations are thought to be processed via different neural mechanisms depending on the types of stimuli, sufficient data have not been accumulated yet. We performed a series of experiments to elucidate the possible neural mechanisms as to chemical stimuli such as formalin, capsaicin and ATP. Single unit activity of wide dynamic range (WDR) neurons and high threshold cells were recorded extracellularly from the lumbosacral enlargement of cat spinal cord before and after chemical stimulation to its receptive field (RF). Each chemical substance - formalin (20 microliter, 4%), capsaicin (33 mM) or Mg-ATP (5 mM)- was injected intradermally into the RFs and then the changes in the spontaneous activity, mechanical threshold and responses to the peripheral mechanical stimuli were observed. In many cases, intradermal injection of formalin (5/11) and capsaicin (8/11) resulted in increase of the spontaneous activity with a biphasic pattern, whereas ATP (8/8) only showed initial responses. Time courses of the biphasic pattern, especially the late response, differed between formalin and capsaicin experiments. One hour after injection of each chemical (formalin, capsaicin, or ATP), the responses of the dorsal horn neurons to mechanical stimuli increased at large and the RFs were expended, suggesting development of hypersensitization (formalin 6/10, capsaicin 8/11, and ATP 15/19, respectively). These results are suggested that formalin stimulates peripheral nociceptor, local inflammation and involvement of central sensitization, capsaicin induces central sensitization as well as affects the peripheral C-polymodal nociceptors and neurogenic inflammation, and ATP directly stimulates peripheral nociceptors.
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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Spinal Cord / Stimulation, Chemical / Nociceptors / Injections, Intradermal / Capsaicin / Cats / Adenosine Triphosphate / Neurogenic Inflammation / Posterior Horn Cells / Central Nervous System Sensitization Language: English Journal: The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology Year: 2000 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Spinal Cord / Stimulation, Chemical / Nociceptors / Injections, Intradermal / Capsaicin / Cats / Adenosine Triphosphate / Neurogenic Inflammation / Posterior Horn Cells / Central Nervous System Sensitization Language: English Journal: The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology Year: 2000 Type: Article