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Endoscopic therapy for gastrointestinal bleeding after liver transplantation / 临床肝胆病杂志
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1964-1966, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778433
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical effect of endoscopic therapy for patients with esophagogastric variceal bleeding (EVB) after liver transplantation. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 8 patients who experienced EVB after liver transplantation and underwent endoscopic therapy, especially endoscopic features. The clinical outcome was evaluated, including hemostasis rate, change in varicose veins after treatment, and short-term recurrence and bleeding rate. ResultsThe eight patients had a mean age of 55.00(4475-6150) years, and the mean time from liver transplantation to bleeding was 7150(1875-10725) months. As for primary diseases, 6 patients had hepatitis B cirrhosis (among whom one patient each was complicated by liver cancer, alcoholic cirrhosis, and acute liver necrosis, and three were complicated by subacute liver necrosis), one had hepatitis C cirrhosis, and one had unexplained liver cirrhosis. Of all patients, 2 underwent sclerotherapy, 6 underwent endoscopic variceal ligation, and 6 underwent tissue adhesive treatment. The endoscopic therapy achieved successful hemostasis in all patients. No patients experienced rebleeding at discharge or the 12-month follow-up visit. One patient underwent selective endoscopic therapy due to the recurrence of varices. ConclusionGastrointestinal bleeding remains a serious complication after liver transplantation. Besides antiviral therapy, the presence of varices should be closely monitored.

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Journal of Clinical Hepatology Year: 2016 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Journal of Clinical Hepatology Year: 2016 Type: Article