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Effect of Isopimpinellin on Expression of Inhibitory Neurotransmitter and Receptor Genes in Primary Hippocampal Neurons / 中国实验方剂学杂志
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802304
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT

Objective:

To observe the effect of isopimpinellin on primary hippocampal neuron cells γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and receptor genes expressions, in order to explore its hypnotic mechanism.

Method:

The primary hippocampal neurons of neonatal Sprague-Dawley rats were cultured in vitro. And subsequent experiments were conducted in the optimal state of cell growth, and the purity was identified by immunohistochemistry of neuron-specific enolase. Hippocampal neurons were randomly divided into five groups, namely blank control group, diazepam group (25 mg·L-1), and low-dose (5 mg·L-1), moderate-dose (10 mg·L-1) and high-dose (20 mg·L-1) isopimpinellin groups. Early apoptosis of hippocampus neuron cells were detected using flow cytometry technique after 24 h administration, and the changes in the levels of GABA and 5-HT were detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent. The changes in mRNA expressions of receptor genes relating to gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor(GABAA) genes GABRA1,GABRA5,GABBR1, gamma-aminobutyric acid type B receptor genes (GABAB) GABRB2, 5-hydroxytryptamine 1A receptor (5-HT1A)5-HT1A(A),5-HT1A(B),5-HT1A(C) were detected by real-time quantitative PCR(Real-time PCR).

Result:

On the 7th day, the hippocampal neurons grew in a good condition, and the purity was above 90%. Apoptosis rates of hippocampal neurons in the low-dose and moderate-dose groups were significantly lower than that in the blank control group (PP1,GABRA5,5-HT1A(A),5-HT1A(C) in the moderate-dose and high-dose isopimpinellin groups were significantly higher than those in the blank control group (PP1,5-HT1A(B) in the low-dose, moderate-dose and high-dose isopimpinellin groups were significantly higher than those in the blank control group (PP

Conclusion:

The hypnotic mechanism of isopimpinellin may be related to the inhibition of hippocampal neuron apoptosis, the increase of the content of inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA, and the up-regulation of GABA and 5-HT-related receptor genes.

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae Year: 2019 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae Year: 2019 Type: Article