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Clinical efficacy of minimally invasive vitreous surgery for special rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in children and adolescents / 中华眼底病杂志
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805494
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
Objective@#To observe the clinical efficacy of minimally invasive vitreous surgery (MIVS) for special rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) in children and adolescents.@*Methods@#A retrospective clinical comparative study. Fourteen eyes with special type of RRD in 14 children and adolescents who received the MIVS treatment from January 2014 to January 2019 in Ophthalmology Department of The First Affiliated Hospital Ophthalmology of Air Force Military Medical University, were included in this study. Among them, 8 eyes from 8 males and 6 eyes from 6 females. The age of them ranged from 5 to 17, with the mean age of 12.64±4.11 years. The course of disease was ranged from 1 d to 1 year, and the average of it was 30 d. All the eyes developed the special type RRD, including pseudophakic and aphakic retinal detachment, giant retinal tear with retinal detachment, choroidal detachment associated with retinal detachment, and RRD with ocular dysplasia. In the 14 eyes, there was 2 eyes with retinal detachment in 1 quadrant, 4 eyes in 2 quadrants, 1 eye in 3 quadrants and 7 eyes in total 4 quadrants. All the eyes were treated with 23G or 25G MIVS and filled with irrigation solution, air and silicone oil. In addition, 10.4 months' follow-up for average after surgery were taken to observe the occurrence of retinal reattachment, BCVA and related complications in the eyes.@*Results@#In the 14 eyes, 13 (92.9%) of them attained retinal reattachment and 1 eye (7.1%) got a poor retinal reattachment after one operation. At the last follow-up, all the 14 eyes (100.0%) attained retinal reattachment and 5 of them at the filling state of silicone oil. The vision of 8 eyes (57.1%) were improved, 4 eyes (28.6%) have no notable changes and 2 eyes decreased (14.3%). During the operation, iatrogenic retinal breaks were occurred in 1 eye, and silicone oil entered underneath the retina in 1 eye. After the operation, 1 eye suffered a relapse of retinal detachment after the removal of silicone oil and then were filled with it again.@*Conclusions@#MIVS is a safe and effective way to treat the special type RRD among the children and adolescents. The rate of retinal reattachment is 92.9% after one surgery and 100.0% at the last follow-up. Therefore, MIVS can help most of eyes with special type RRD to get a stable and improved vision.

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases Year: 2019 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases Year: 2019 Type: Article