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Clinical characteristics of new-onset organ dysfunction in pediatric intensive care unit / 中华儿科杂志
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 451-456, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808773
ABSTRACT
Objective@#To investigate the incidence and clinical characteristics of new-onset organ dysfunction of patients in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU).@*Method@#A retrospective observational study identified all patients admitted to the PICU of Shengjing Hospital Affiliated to China Medical University from January 2015 to January 2016. The functional status score (FSS) was evaluated at admission and hospital discharge respectively, and the difference defined as ΔFSS between the FSS at hospital discharge and the FSS at admission was calculated. According to the initial FSS, the patients were divided into normal group (6-7 scores), mildly abnormal group (8-9 scores), moderate abnormal group (10-15 scores), severe abnormal group (16-21 scores) and extreme severe abnormal group (22-30 scores). According to the primary disease, all cases were divided into cardiovascular disease group, urinary disease group, surgery group, digestive disease group, neurological disease group, respiratory disease group, hematological disease group, poisoning group and other group. According to the FSS domain, all cases were divided into mental status group, sensory group, communication group, motor group, feeding group, respiratory group. The incidence of new-onset organ dysfunction, the case fatality rate and the FSS of each group were calculated. Comparisons were performed using a chi-square test, t test and analysis of variance.@*Result@#The study population included 928 patients (561(60.5%) male, mean age (31.1±1.3) months). The incidence of new-onset organ dysfunction was 8.8%(82/928) and the case fatality rate was 1.3%(12/928). The FSS at hospital discharge(scores), ΔFSS (scores) and the incidence of new-onset organ dysfunction were significantly less in patients in the normal group (6.38±0.17, -0.20±0.17 and 1.3%(3/229), respectively) compared to patients in the mildly abnormal group (7.09±0.27, -1.39±0.27 and 7.2%(12/170), respectively, t=2.36, 3.93, χ2=7.39, all P<0.05), patients in the moderately abnormal group (8.86±0.28, -2.76±0.28 and 10.6%(38/359), t=6.56, 6.91, χ2=17.14, all P<0.05), patients in the severely abnormal group(13.56±0.88, -4.39±0.88 and 24.6%(19/79), t=12.29, 7.13, χ2=42.43, all P<0.05) and patients in the extreme severely abnormal group(18.68±0.99, -6.59±0.91 and 10.9%(10/91), t=18.15, 10.10, χ2=13.27, all P<0.05). Significant difference was found regarding the incidence of new-onset organ dysfunction among patients in cardiovascular disease group (27.3%, 24/88), surgery group (9.2%, 6/65), digestive disease group (8.2%, 8/97), neurological disease group (7.7%, 23/299), respiratory disease group (6.9%, 17/248), hematological disease group (3.9%, 2/51) and toxic group (0, 0/61) (χ2=37.75, all P<0.05). There were significant differences among primary disease groups regarding the FSS at admission, the FSS at hospital discharge, ΔFSS, Δmental status FSS, Δsensory FSS, Δcommunication FSS, Δmotor FSS, Δfeeding FSS, and Δrespiratory FSS (F=13.56, 8.97, 10.84, 6.30, 7.37, 7.84, 7.47, 9.97, 10.50, all P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The incidence of new-onset organ dysfunction in PICU was high. The case fatality rate in patients with new-onset organ dysfunction was high. The functional status at hospital discharge was strongly associated with the functional status at admission. Patients in the cardiovascular disease group had the highest incidence of new-onset organ dysfunction and the most severe deterioration of functional status.More attention must be paid to motor function and respiratory function in cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease and hematological disease.

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Type of study: Observational study / Prognostic study Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Pediatrics Year: 2017 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Type of study: Observational study / Prognostic study Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Pediatrics Year: 2017 Type: Article