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Identification of key enzyme genes involved in biosynthesis of steroidal saponins and analysis of biosynthesis pathway in Polygonatum cyrtonema / 中国中药杂志
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828075
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
Steroidal saponins, which are the characteristic and main active constituents of Polygonatum, exhibit a broad range of pharmacological functions, such as regulating blood sugar, preventing cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and anti-tumor. In this study, we performed RNA sequencing(RNA-Seq) analysis for the flowers, leaves, roots, and rhizomes of Polygonatum cyrtonema using the BGISEQ-500 platform to understand the biosynthesis pathway of steroidal saponins and study their key enzyme genes. The assembly of transcripts for four tissues generated 129 989 unigenes, of which 88 958 were mapped to several public databases for functional annotation, 22 813 unigenes were assigned to 53 subcategories and 64 877 unigenes were annotated to 136 pathways in KEGG database. Furthermore, 502 unigenes involved in the biosynthesis pathway of steroidal saponins were identified, of which 97 unigenes encoding 12 key enzymes. Cycloartenol synthase, the first key enzyme in the pathway of phytosterol biosynthesis, showed conserved catalytic domain and substrate binding domain based on sequence analysis and homology modeling. Differentially expressed genes(DEGs) were identified in rhizomes as compared to other tissues(flowers, leaves or roots).The 2 437 unigenes annotated by KEGG showed rhizome-specific expression, of which 35 unigenes involved in the biosynthesis of steroidal saponins. Our results greatly extend the public transcriptome dataset of Polygonatum and provide valuable information for the identification of candidate genes involved in the biosynthesis of steroidal saponins and other important secondary metabolites.
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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Saponins / Sequence Analysis, RNA / Gene Expression Profiling / Polygonatum / Biosynthetic Pathways / Transcriptome Language: Chinese Journal: China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica Year: 2020 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Saponins / Sequence Analysis, RNA / Gene Expression Profiling / Polygonatum / Biosynthetic Pathways / Transcriptome Language: Chinese Journal: China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica Year: 2020 Type: Article