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Clinical characteristics and imagological changes of atopic children with ADV pneumonia / 国际儿科学杂志
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 806-810, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863071
ABSTRACT

Objective:

To investigate the clinical characteristics and imagological changes of atopic children with ADV pneumonia.

Methods:

One hundred and twenty cases of children with ADV pneumonia selected from Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University Pediatric Respiratory Department from June 2018 to December 2019.According to whether had atopy and severity of pneumonia, the children were divided into atopic group 42 cases (mild pneumonia 30 cases, severe pneumonia 12 cases)and non-atopic group 78 cases(mild pneumonia 50 cases, severe pneumonia 28 cases). The children were treated according to the guidelines of ADV pneumonia diagnosis and treatment.Laboratory examination, clinical manifestations, clinical features during hospitalization, pulmonary imaging changes at admission, at discharge and follow-up 1 month after discharge were statistically analyzed.

Results:

There were statistically significant differences in the proportion of severe cough and wheezing between the atopic children and non-atopic children with mild pneumonia( P=0.041, P=0.004, respectively). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the proportion of children with small airway changes indicated by lung CT at admission and 1 month after discharge( P>0.05). The risk of wheezing during hospitalization of atopic children was 2.32 times as much as that of non-atopic children with mild pneumonia.The risk of developing severe cough was 1.72 times as much as that of non-atopic children with mild pneumonia.There were statistically significant differences in the proportion of wheezing after admission and after discharge between the atopic children and non-atopic children with severe pneumonia( P=0.002, P=0.034, respectively). There were significant differences in the proportion of small airway changes at admission and at discharge between the two groups( P=0.001, P=0.009, respectively). The risk of wheezing during hospitalization of atopic children was 1.94 times as much as that of non-atopic children with severe pneumonia.The risk of wheezing after discharge was 1.98 times as much as that of the non-atopic children with severe pneumonia.The risk of small airway change on admission in atopic children group was 1.25 times as much as that of non-atopic children with severe pneumonia.The risk of having small airway changes 1 month after discharge in atopic children group was 2.31 times as much as that of non-atopic children with severe pneumonia.

Conclusion:

Atopic children with ADV pneumonia had severe cough and wheezing, and atopic children with severe pneumonia are prone to small airway changes, long imaging recovery time and regular follow-up, which should be paid attention by clinicians.
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Type of study: Practice guideline Language: Chinese Journal: International Journal of Pediatrics Year: 2020 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Type of study: Practice guideline Language: Chinese Journal: International Journal of Pediatrics Year: 2020 Type: Article