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Technical essentials and safety analysis of “rolling carpet” cytoreduction surgery in stage Ⅲc epithelial ovarian cancer / 中华妇产科杂志
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 521-528, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868150
ABSTRACT

Objective:

To introduce the technical essentials of cytoreduction surgery (CRS) with extensive peritonectomy (“rolling carpetsurgery) in stage Ⅲc epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and evaluate the feasibility and safety of the operation by analyzing the incidence of surgical complications and perioperative mortality.

Methods:

From December 2017 to December 2019, 30 patients with stage IIIc EOC who underwent “rolled carpet” CRS and 30 patients who underwent traditional CRS at the same period in Sichuan Cancer Hospital were collected. To summarize the key points of “rolled carpet” CRS operation technology, i.e. the extraperitoneal space was the cut path of ovarian cancer operation, and the tumor in the pelvic cavity was dissociated from the extraperitoneal space of the pelvic cavity. The tumor in the pelvic cavity and all the implants or potential metastases on the parietal peritoneum were removed completely. The clinical and pathological characteristics between the two groups were analyzed retrospectively, and the feasibility and safety of “rolling carpet” CRS were evaluated by comparing the operation related indexes and the occurrence of surgical complications between the two groups.

Results:

(1) Clinicopathological features the age of patients in “rolling carpet” CRS group and traditional CRS group were respectively (55.4±9.6) and (54.6±9.5) years, and the median peritoneal cancer index (PCI) was 12 (range, 4-24) and 10 (range, 5-18), respectively. There were no statistical significance between the two groups (all P>0.05). (2) Operation related indexes in the “rolled carpet” CRS group, all patients (100%, 30/30) were performed optimal CRS, reaching completeness of cytoreduction score (CC score), named CC-0 score, and there was no visible residual lesion after operation. While, in the traditional CRS group, 23 patients (77%, 23/30) reached CC-0 score, 5 cases (17%, 6/30) reached CC-1 score, 2 cases (7%, 2/30) reached CC-2 score, and there were statistical significance between the two groups ( P=0.011). The median surgical time was 315 minutes (range, 252-446 minutes) vs 268 minutes (range, 215-372 minutes), the median intraoperative blood loss was 589 ml (range, 300-900 ml) vs 450 ml (range, 250-800 ml), the median ICU hospital stay time was 2 days (range, 1-7 days) vs 1 day (range, 0-5 days), the median total hospital stay time was 14 days (range, 9-17 days) vs 12 days (range, 7-15 days). There were no statistical significance between the two groups (all P>0.05). (3) Surgical complications there were respectively 5 cases (17%, 5/30) and 3 cases (10%, 3/30) complications with Clavien-Dindo grading Ⅰ-Ⅱ, which was significant no difference between the “rolled carpet” CRS group and the traditional CRS groups ( P>0.05). No re-operations were needed and the operative mortality was 0.

Conclusion:

It is safe and feasible to perform “rolled carpet” CRS in patients with advanced stage Ⅲc EOC with peritoneum implantation and metastasis, which could achieve optimal CRS, and has an acceptable incidence of perioperative complications, no perioperative death.
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Year: 2020 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Year: 2020 Type: Article