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A preliminary clinical study comparing percutaneous transhepatic choledochoscopy lithotomy with laparoscopic choledocholithotomy for choledocholithiasis / 中华肝胆外科杂志
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 854-857, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868931
ABSTRACT

Objective:

To compare the clinical efficacy of percutaneous transhepatic choledochoscope lithotomy (PTCSL) with laparoscopic choledocholithotomy (LD) in treatment of choledocholithiasis.

Methods:

Data of 132 patients with choledocholithiasis treated at the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from July 2012 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 75 males and 57 females, with an average age of 62.7 years. For 76 patients underwent PTCSL (the PTCSL group) and 56 underwent LD (the LD group). The data of the patients the success rate of lithotomy, stone residual rate, operation time, postoperative complications and stone recurrence, chronic cholangitis, and acute cholangitis 1 month after operation were compared between the two groups.

Results:

The ratio of upper abdominal operation history and biliary tract infection in the PTCSL group was higher than that in the LD group, and the difference was statistically significant (both P<0.05). In the PTCSL group, the calculi were successfully removed in 64 patients in one treatment session, while residual calculi were removed through subsequent sinus choledochoscopy in 9 patients. In the remaining 3 patients, the residual calculi were removed with LD or laparotomy operations. Postoperative complications occurred in 14 patients (19.2%, 14/73). In the LD group, the calculi were successfully removed in one session in 46 patients while in 8 patients the residual calculi were removed by choledochoscopy (1 patient still had residual calculi after choledochoscopy). The remaining 2 patients underwent open surgery due to anatomical difficulties. Postoperative complications occurred in 11 patients (20.4%, 11/54). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the one-off stone removal rate, postoperative stone residual rate, final stone removal rate and postoperative complication rate (all P>0.05). The operation time of the PTCSL group was (156±60) min, which was significantly shorter than the LD group (203±59) min ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups in the incidence of postoperative chronic cholangitis and recurrence rate of calculi (both P>0.05). The incidence of acute cholangitis in the PTSCL group was significantly higher than that in the LD group ( P<0.05).

Conclusion:

PTCSL was as safe and effective as LD, with fewer complications and faster recovery. It is especially suitable for patients with previous upper abdominal surgery, recurrence of calculi and repeated biliary tract infection.
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery Year: 2020 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery Year: 2020 Type: Article