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A multicenter clinical study of comparing the efficacy of two mid-urethral slings in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence / 中华泌尿外科杂志
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 368-373, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869655
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT

Objective:

The clinical efficacy, safety and quality of life in female patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI)treated by midurethral sling were studied by multicenter retrospective study.

Methods:

From January 2018 to December 2018, 531 female patients with severe stress urinary incontinence from seven domestic urinary center were included in this study, including 78 cases from General Hospital of Central Theater Command, 122 cases from Shanghai Jiao tong University School of Medicine Affiliated Ren Ji Hospital, 67 cases from Shanghai Jiaotong University Affiliated First People’s Hospital, 68 cases from People’s Hospital of Jiangsu Province, 71 cases from The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, 65 cases from Zhejiang Provincial People’s hospital, 60 cases from Xiamen University First Affiliated Hospital. Among the 531 patients, 214 cases received TVT sling with an average age of (58.14±10.16) years. 181 cases were in postmenopausal(84.6%). The number of births ≥2 times was 89 (41.6%) cases. The score of ICI-Q-SF was 16.00±1.73. There were 166 cases of moderate incontinence (77.6%) and 48 cases of severe incontinence (22.4%). There were 317 patients in the TOT/TVT-O group with an average age of (58.33±10.25) years. 247 cases were in postmenopausal(77.9%). The number of births ≥2 times was 120 (37.8%) cases. The score of ICI-Q-SF was 15.79±1.75. There were 256 cases of moderate incontinence (80.8%) and 61 cases of severe incontinence (19.2%). There was no statistically significant difference in general data parameters between the two groups ( P>0.05). 1, 6, 12 months after the operation, the two groups of patients incontinence questionnaire Summary(ICI-Q-SF), common complications and Patient Global Impression of Improvement(PGI-I), satisfaction evaluation follow-up. ICI-Q-SF score improved > by 50% (cure + significant improvement) and 1-hour pad test <10 g (qualitative index) were used as the evaluation index of surgical success.

Result:

Both of the two surgical methods have high successive rate. There was no significant difference between 94.9% (203/214) of the TVT group and 93.7% (297/317) of the TOT/ TVT-O group ( P>0.05). Postoperative improvement of urinary incontinence (cure rate) [88.3% (189/214)]in the TVT group was slightly higher than that in the TOT/ TVT-O group [77.0% (244/317)] ( P<0.05). There was no change in the recurrence rate of urinary incontinence in the follow-up 6 and 12 months after the operation. There was no statistically significant difference between 4.4% (9/203) in the TVT group and 5.4% (16/297) in the TOT/TVT-O group ( P>0.05). The subjective cure rate 12 months after the operation was 96.3% (206/214) in the TVT group and 95.9% (304/317) in the TOT/TVT-O group ( P>0.05). 10 patients occurred bladder perforation occurred in the TVT group, and no bladder perforation occurred in the TOT/TVT-O group ( P<0.001). The incidence of pain and discomfort in the TVT group was significantly lower at 1.9% than that in the TOT/TVT-O group at 6.9% ( P<0.01). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the incidence of complications such as dysuria/urinary retention, frequent urination/urgency incontinence. Both of them exposed sling ( P>0.05).

Conclusion:

Both TVT and TOT/TVT-O sling can effectively treat female stress urinary incontinence, and both can improve the sexual satisfaction of patients after the surgery, with fewer complications and other advantages. The selection of specific surgical methods in clinical practice can be individualized according to the patient's physical conditions, clinical needs and the operation methods familiar to doctors.
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Urology Year: 2020 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Urology Year: 2020 Type: Article