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Detection rate and characteristics of prostate cancer foci on multi-parametric MRI (mp-MRI) using whole mount section as a reference standard-a single center clinical study / 中华泌尿外科杂志
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 746-751, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869744
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT

Objective:

To investigate the detection rate and the characteristics of detected prostate cancer foci on multi-parametric MRI (mp-MRI) and to evaluate the potential influence factors.

Methods:

A total of 66 patients undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP) from August 2017 to July 2019 in Beijing Hospital were retrospectively studied. The median age was 67(56-80)years, with the median preoperative PSA level of 8.73 (1.22-72.46)ng/ml, and median prostate volume of 35.9(16.8-131.8) ml. All patients underwent mp-MRI before surgery and the whole mount section of RP specimens was prepared. Two radiologists reviewed all the foci independently and then matched each foci with an urological pathologist. The primary outcome was the detection rate of prostate cancer. The potential influence factors were also investigated.

Results:

Of all 66 patients, a total of 62(93.9%) patients were diagnosed with prostate cancer on a preoperative mp-MRI. On whole mount section, 109 prostate cancer foci were detected, of which 77 foci were correctly diagnosed on mp-MRI, with the overall sensitivity of 70.6%. For all the foci detected, 53(48.6%) were grade group 1 disease of International Society of Urological pathology (ISUP), 31(27.5%) were ISUP grade group 2 disease, 19(17.4%) were ISUP grade group 3 disease, and 6(5.5%) were ≥ISUP grade group 4 disease. Mp-MRI detected 62/67(92.5%) lesions with tumor diameter ≥1 cm, 49/56(87.5%) lesions with tumor Gleason score ≥7, and 59/66(89.4%) index lesions. The tumor diameter( OR=3.183, 95% CI 1.580-6.411, P=0.001)and index lesion status( OR=4.042, 95% CI 1.127-14.503, P=0.032)were independently associated with the detection of prostate cancer foci on mp-MRI.

Conclusions:

mp-MRI is an effective technique for prostate cancer detection. Sensitivity increased with increased tumor size and index lesion status. The tumor diameter and index lesion status were independently associated with the detection of prostate cancer foci on mp-MRI.
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Urology Year: 2020 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Urology Year: 2020 Type: Article