The application of moderate hypothermia circulatory arrest and bilateral selective antegrade cerebral perfusion in total arch replacement for acute Stanford type A aortic dissection / 中华胸心血管外科杂志
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 603-607, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871670
Responsible library: WPRO
Objective:To evaluate the application of moderate hypothermia circulatory arrest(MHCA)with a higher temperature(29℃) and bilateral selective antegrade cerebral perfusion(bSACP) in acute Stanford type A aortic dissection(TAAD] treated by total arch replacement with stented elephant trunk implantation.
Methods:From July 2019 to January 2020, fifteen patients of acute TAAD undergoing emergent operations via MHCA with a core temperature of 29℃ and bSACP were analyzed retrospectively(modified group), and 26 patients treated by MHCA(25℃) and unilateral selective antegrade cerebral perfusion(uSACP) during the same period were defined as the traditional group. All cases were complicated type A dissection. The mean age in this cohort was 49 years, and 32 patients(78%) were male. Thirty six patients(87.8%) suffered from arterial hypertension. The proximal manipulations included aortic sinus repair in 13 cases(31.7%), ascending aortic replacement in 29(70.7%), Bentall in 12(29.3%). Total arch replacement with stented elephant trunk implantation was performed in all cases.
Results:The in-hospital death occurred in 2(4.9%), and cerebral infarction in 3(7.3%), transient neurologic deficit in 5(12.2%), paraplegia in 2(4.9%). The ratios of above-mentioned adverse events in the traditional and modified group were[2(7.7%) vs. 0, P=0.524], [3(11.5%)vs. 0, P=0.287], [4(15.4%) vs. 1(6.7%), P=0.636], [1(3.8%) vs. 1(6.7%), P=1.000] respectively. The major adverse events in the modified group were transient neurologic deficit and paraplegia in 1 each. Compared with the traditional group, the time of operation, CPB, cardiac arrest, circulatory arrest of the lower part, anterograde low flow cerebral perfusion, mechanical ventilation and ICU stay was shorter. The drainage of 48 hours after surgery was less also. The differences in new acute renal failure requiring CRRT and re-sternotomy for bleeding between groups were not statistical significance.
Conclusion:The early results of MHCA(29℃) and bSACP applied in total arch replacement with stented elephant trunk implantation for acute TAAD were satisfactory. The time of mechanical ventilation and ICU stay was shorter in the modified group, and the drainage of 48 hours after surgery was less also.
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Year: 2020 Type: Article