Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Research status and progress of macular edema formation mechanism / 中华眼底病杂志
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871759
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
Macular edema is formed by the accumulation of extracellular fluid or intracellular fluid in the macular area of the retina. In a physiological state, the retina is kept relatively dehydrated and transparent, thereby ensuring the transmission of optical signals. This process requires multiple active or passive liquid transport systems to be performed together, and any of these process anomalies can disrupt the retinal water ion homeostasis, causing an imbalance between fluid entry and exit processes, leading to fluid formation. Macular edema is not an independent disease, it can occur in the process of many retinal diseases. It is the main cause of serious damage to the central vision, the main causes of diabetes, retinal vein occlusion, choroidal angiogenesis, uveitis, postoperative inflammation and tumor. This review mainly discusses the complex mechanism of macular edema caused by retinal barrier dysfunction when retinal water ion homeostasis is abnormal at the cellular and molecular levels. The purpose of this review is to provide a deeper overview of macular edema and its mechanisms of development, opening up new prospects for new prevention and treatment strategies for macular edema, a serious threat to vision.
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases Year: 2020 Type: Article

Similar

MEDLINE

...
LILACS

LIS

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases Year: 2020 Type: Article