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Effect of Modified Shengjiangsan Influences on PI3K/Akt/mTOR Signaling Pathway and Autophagy in Rats with Membranous Nephropathy / 中国实验方剂学杂志
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872820
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT

Objective:

To explore the intervention effect of modified Shengjiangsan in rats with membranous nephropathy (MN) and its related mechanism.

Method:

Rats were injected with cationized bovine serum Albumin (C-BSA) in the tail vein to establish a rat model of membranous nephropathy. The normal group, model group, modified Shengjiangsan group (27.3 g·kg-1) and benazepril group (10 mg·kg-1) were established in this study. Each group was given corresponding dosage of the drug once a day for 4 weeks of continuous intervention. After the administration, the levels of 24-hour urine protein (UTP), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), total protein (TP), Albumin (Alb), creatinine (SCr), urea nitrogen (BUN) level was detected. we observed the pathological changes of rat kidneys by the technology of Masson staining, silver hexylamine iodate (PASM) staining and transmission electron microscopy. immunofluorescence technology was used to detect immunoglobulin (Ig)G deposition in rat kidneys. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of key proteins in phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/proline protein kinase B/rapamycin target protein (PI3K/Akt/mTOR) signaling pathway and autophagy marker proteins LC3 and Beclin1.

Result:

Compared with normal group, the UTP, serum TC and TG levels were significantly increased, TP and Alb levels were significantly reduced in model group(P<0.05). We detected the kidney pathological changes include of glomerulus enlargement, basement membrane thickening,vacuolar degeneration, pheotropin deposition, glomerular capillary loop IgG diffuse deposition, electron dense deposits of varying sizes and podocytes under the epithelium extensive integration of foot processes, the expression of p-PI3K, p-Akt and p-mTOR protein was significantly increased (P<0.05). The expression of autophagy marker proteins LC3 and Beclin1 protein decreased significantly(P<0.05). Compared with model group, the UTP, serum TC and TG levels were decreased in the benazepril group and modified Shengjiangsan group, and the TP and Alb levels were increased (P<0.05), the histopathological changes of rat kidney were all reduced, the expression of p-PI3K, p-Akt and p-mTOR protein was significantly reduced(P<0.05), autophagy marker proteins LC3 and Beclin1 protein expression were significantly increased.

Conclusion:

Modified Shengjiangsan can reduce urinary protein, reduce kidney pathological damage and delay disease progression, which is related to its inhibition of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway and activation of renal autophagy.

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae Year: 2020 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae Year: 2020 Type: Article