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Sentinel surveillance on occupational hazards in manufacturing enterprises of Guangzhou City,2012-2014 / 中国职业医学
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 301-304, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876947
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the sentinel surveillance status of occupational hazards in Guangzhou manufacturing enterprises.

METHODS:

The stratified random sampling method was used to extract manufacturing enterprises with serious occupational hazard as sentinel enterprises in Guangzhou,2012-2014. The dynamic changes of samples were analyzed based on the sampling monitoring of occupational hazards.

RESULTS:

From 2012 to 2014,a total of 8 639 occupational hazard sample sites from 577 sentinel enterprises included in 11 kinds of industries were tested and the total over-standard rate was 7. 41%( 640 /8 639). The over-standard rate in these 3 years showed an increasing tendency each year( P <0. 01). The over-standard rates in different kinds of occupational hazard factors from high to low were physical factors,dust factor,inorganic chemistry factors and organic chemistry factors( P < 0. 01). The over-standard rates of occupational hazard factors in different industries from high to low were ship building,construction material,glass gem,wooden furniture,machinery manufacturing,other industries,storage battery,printing and packaging,the chemical,leather bags and shoes and electronic equipment manufacturing industry( P < 0. 01). The over-standard rates of occupational hazard factors in different scales from high to low were medium-sized,large-sized,small-sized and micro-sized enterprises( P <0. 01).

CONCLUSION:

Guangzhou City should carry on sentinel surveillance work on occupational hazards on factors of physical,dust and inorganic chemistry in key industries such as ship building,construction materials,glass gem,wood furniture and machinery manufacturing,especially in the large and medium-sized enterprises.

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: China Occupational Medicine Year: 2016 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: China Occupational Medicine Year: 2016 Type: Article