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The Association of Socioeconomic Status with the Burden of Cataract-related Blindness and the Effect of Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure: An Ecological Study / 生物医学与环境科学(英文)
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878326
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
Objective@#To assess the association of socioeconomic status with the burden of cataract blindness in terms of year lived with disability (YLD) rates and to determine whether ultraviolet radiation (UVR) levels modify the effect of socioeconomic status on this health burden.@*Methods@#National and subnational age-standardized YLD rates associated with cataract-related blindness were derived from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study 2017. The human development index (HDI) from the Human Development Report was used as a measure of socioeconomic status. Estimated ground-level UVR exposure was obtained from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) dataset of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).@*Results@#Across 185 countries, socioeconomic status was inversely associated with the burden of cataract blindness. Countries with a very high HDI had an 84% lower age-standardized YLD rate [95% confidence interval ( @*Conclusion@#Long-term high-UVR exposure amplifies the association of poor socioeconomic status with the burden of cataract-related blindness. The findings emphasize the need for strengthening UVR exposure protection interventions in developing countries with high-UVR exposure.
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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Social Class / Socioeconomic Factors / Ultraviolet Rays / Cataract / Female / Humans / Male / Blindness / Quality-Adjusted Life Years / Global Burden of Disease Language: English Journal: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences Year: 2021 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Social Class / Socioeconomic Factors / Ultraviolet Rays / Cataract / Female / Humans / Male / Blindness / Quality-Adjusted Life Years / Global Burden of Disease Language: English Journal: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences Year: 2021 Type: Article