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Analysis of Risk Factors of Herpes Zoster in Patients with Multiple Myeloma Treated with Bortezomib / 中国实验血液学杂志
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1972-1976, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880001
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVE@#To explore and analyze the risk factors of herpes zoster in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) during the chemotherapy with bortezomib.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 85 MM patients treated with bontizomib from January 2015 to January 2019 were selected and divided into case group and control group accroding to the occurred of herpes zoster. The clinical characteristic, treatment outcome and related factor of herpes zoster were retrospective analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Twenty of the 85 patients with MM treated with bortezomib developed herpes zoster occurred (23.5%). Single-factor analysis showed that age≥65 years, lymphocytopenia occurred before treatment, neutropenia occurred before treatment, ECOG score≥2, application of cyclophosphamide, absence of preventive antiviral therapy were associated with the genesis of herpes zoster (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that lymphocytopenia occurred before treatment, the application of cyclophosphamide and the absence of preventive antiviral therapy were the independent risk factors for herpes zoster (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The incidence of herpes zoster is high in the multiple myeloma patients treated with bortezomib. Lymphocytopenia occurred before treatment, the application of cyclophosphamide, and the absence of prophylactic antiviral therapy are the important risk factors for herpes zoster, for which the clinicians should attach great importance.
Subject(s)
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Patients / Pyrazines / Boronic Acids / Humans / Retrospective Studies / Risk Factors / Bortezomib / Herpes Zoster / Multiple Myeloma Language: Chinese Journal: Journal of Experimental Hematology Year: 2020 Type: Article
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Patients / Pyrazines / Boronic Acids / Humans / Retrospective Studies / Risk Factors / Bortezomib / Herpes Zoster / Multiple Myeloma Language: Chinese Journal: Journal of Experimental Hematology Year: 2020 Type: Article