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Clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of 87 cases of trauma-related melanomas / 中华皮肤科杂志
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 289-293, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885214
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
Objective:To analyze clinicopathological characteristics of trauma-related melanoma and their relationship with the prognosis of patients.Methods:Clinical data were collected from 87 cases of trauma-related melanomas in Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University from 2009 to 2020, and their clinicopathological characteristics were retrospectively analyzed. Mann-Whitney test was used to analyze the difference in Breslow thickness of tumors between patients of different ages or genders; Spearman rank correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between the time from trauma to the notice of melanoma and Breslow thickness, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Log-Rank test were employed to analyze the relationship between clinicopathological characteristics of melanoma and the prognosis of patients; Cox regression model was used to analyze risk factors for survival duration of patients with trauma-related melanoma.Results:Among the 87 patients with trauma-related melanoma, 47 (54.02%) were males and 40 (45.98%) were females. Among them, melanoma occurred in 50 (57.47%) cases after sharp injuries, and in 37 (42.53%) after blunt injuries. In addition, 31 (35.63%) cases presented with primary lesions on the hands, and 48 (55.17%) on the feet. The Breslow thickness of the primary tumors was significantly higher in the group aged > 55 years than in the group aged ≤ 55 years ( U= 623.500, P= 0.010) , but there was no significant difference between patients of different genders ( P= 0.138) . The time from trauma to the notice of melanoma was negatively correlated with the Breslow thickness of tumors ( r=-0.203, P= 0.037) . The age of patients, Breslow thickness of tumors, Ki67 proliferation index and genetic background of tumor significantly affect the survival duration of patients with trauma-related melanoma ( P= 0.011, 0.031, 0.002 and 0.031, respectively) ; the gender, type of trauma and ulceration of tumor mass did not significantly affect the survival duration of patients ( P= 0.618, 0.114 and 0.379, respectively) . Cox regression model analysis showed that the Ki67 proliferation index and Breslow thickness were independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of trauma-related melanoma (risk ratio [ RR] and 95% confidence interval [ CI] were 1.946 (1.234, 4.217) and 1.839 (1.014, 3.332) , P= 0.039 and 0.045, respectively) . Conclusion:The Breslow thickness of trauma-related melanoma is related to the age of patients and time from trauma to the notice of melanoma; the age, Breslow thickness of tumors, Ki67 proliferation index and genetic background of tumor all affect the survival duration of patients with melanoma, and Ki67 proliferation index and Breslow thickness are independent risk factors affecting prognosis.
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Dermatology Year: 2021 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Dermatology Year: 2021 Type: Article