Surgical repair of acute Stanford type A aortic dissection with lower extremity ischemia / 中华胸心血管外科杂志
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 75-78, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885797
Responsible library: WPRO
Objective:To explore the application of cannulating the ischemic femoral and right axillary artery in Sun’s procedure for acute type A aortic dissection with lower extremity ischemia.
Methods:Twelve patients of acute Stanford type A aortic dissection complicated by lower extremity ischemia were analyzed retrospectively between July 2017 and May 2019, and the right axillary and ischemic femoral artery were used for cardiopulmonary bypass. All the 12 patients were male and categorized as the complicated Stanford type A aortic dissection. The mean age was(48.4±8.4)years, and the median time from symptom onset to emergency operation was 24.00(18.50, 43.25)hours. Eleven patients presented with unilateral extremity ischemia, while bilateral extremity ischemia occurred in one. The prosthetic vessel, with a diameter of 8 mm, was anastomosed to the ischemic femoral artery via an end-to-side way. Both the right axillary artery and the prosthetic vessel were cannulated for CPB. For the proximal dissection in this cohort of patients, we performed Bentall procedure in 5 cases, ascending aortic replacement in 3, and the aortic valve commissure reconstruction with ascending aortic replacement in 4. Total arch replacement with stented elephant trunk implantation were carried out for arch and descending aortic lesion in 12 cases.
Results:Early mortality was 8.3%(1/12). The time of CPB, aortic clamp, circulatory arrest, and selective cerebral perfusion averaged(204.6±26.3) min, (114.6±16.6) min, (23.4±8.5) min, and(33.5±11.0) min, respectively. Five patients underwent concomitant bypass procedures, including ascending aorta-bilateral femoral artery bypass in 1, ascending aorta-right femoral artery bypass in 3, ascending aorta-left femoral artery bypass in 1. Acute renal failure with continuous renal replacement therapy occurred in 4 cases, re-thoratomy for hemaostsis in 1, and re-intubation in 1. One patient developed osteofascial compartment syndrome after aortic repair, and consequent left lower extremity compartment fasciotomy was performed. The mean follow-up time was(17.2±7.6)months, and no aortic-related adverse event was detected during follow up.
Conclusion:To acute Stanford type A aortic dissection with lower extremity ischemia, cannulating the ischemic femoral and right axillary artery in Sun’s procedure were associated with lower perioperative mortality and better prognosis.
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Year: 2021 Type: Article