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Quantitative Electroencephalogram Markers for Predicting Cerebral Amyloid Pathology in Non-Demented Older Individuals With Depression: A Preliminary Study / 수면정신생리
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918788
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
Objectives@#When elderly patients show depressive symptoms, discrimination between depressive disorder and prodromal phase of Alzheimer’s disease is important. We tested whether a quantitative electroencephalogram (qEEG) marker was associated with cerebral amyloid-β (Aβ) deposition in older adults with depression. @*Methods@#Non-demented older individuals (≥ 55years) diagnosed with depression were included in the analyses (n = 63;76.2% female; mean age ± standard deviation 73.7 ± 6.87 years). The participants were divided into Aβ+ (n = 32) and Aβ- (n = 31) groups based on amyloid PET assessment. EEG was recorded during the 7min eye-closed (EC) phase and 3min eye-open (EO) phase, and all EEG data were analyzed using Fourier transform spectral analysis. We tested interaction effects among Aβ positivity, condition (EC vs. EO), laterality (left, midline, or right), and polarity (frontal, central, or posterior) for EEG alpha band power.Then, the EC-to-EO alpha reactivity index (ARI) was examined as a neurophysiological marker for predicting Aβ+ in depressed older adults. @*Results@#The mean power spectral density of the alpha band in EO phase showed a significant difference between the Aβ+ and Aβ- groups (F = 6.258, p = 0.015). A significant 3-way interaction was observed among Aβ positivity, condition, and laterality on alpha-band power after adjusting for age, sex, educational years, global cognitive function, medication use, and white matter hyperintensities on MRI (F = 3.720, p = 0.030). However, post-hoc analyses showed no significant difference in ARI according to Aβ status in any regions of interest. @*Conclusion@#Among older adults with depression, increased power in EO phase alpha band was associated with Aβ positivity.However, EC-to-EO ARI was not confirmed as a predictor for Aβ+ in depressed older individuals. Future studies with larger samples are needed to confirm our results.
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: English Journal: Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology Year: 2021 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: English Journal: Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology Year: 2021 Type: Article