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FSP-1 expression in cancer cells is relevant to long-term oncological outcomes in nonmetastatic colorectal cancer
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 66-77, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968004
ABSTRACT
Purpose@#Recent studies have revealed that the expression of cancer-associated fibroblast (CAF) activation biomarkers in cancer cells is associated with clinical outcomes in patients with certain types of malignant tumors. However, whether the expression of CAF activation biomarkers affects the prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to evaluate the association between the expression of CAF activation biomarkers in cancer cells with cancer invasion and long-term oncological outcomes in patients with CRC. @*Methods@#Cancer specimens obtained from 135 patients with stage I–III CRC were examined using immunohistochemical staining to evaluate the expression of fibroblast specific protein-1 (FSP-1), fibroblast activation protein α (FAPα), α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and vimentin in cancer cells. @*Results@#FSP-1 expression in cancer cells was significantly associated with lymphatic invasion, perineural invasion, tumor (T) status, and lymph node (N) status. FAPα expression in cancer cells was significantly associated with lymphatic invasion. On univariate and multivariate analyses, FSP-1 and α-SMA expression in cancer cells were associated with a short 10-year overall survival (OS) and high 10-year systemic recurrence (SR), respectively. Tumor budding was associated with a short 10-year OS. However, FAPα and vimentin did not contribute to the prognosis in this study. @*Conclusion@#In this study, we found that FSP-1 expression in cancer cells was related to cancer invasion. Additionally, FSP-1 and α-SMA expression in cancer cells was associated with 10-year OS and SR, respectively. Therefore, these markers may be used as predictors of long-term oncological outcomes in patients with CRC.
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: English Journal: Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology Year: 2022 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: English Journal: Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology Year: 2022 Type: Article