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1.
Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques ; 8(4):1345-1350, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-886424

ABSTRACT

Healthcare and medical equipment sustainability is very important, we need to have an efficient and high performance devices If such systems or devices are fail every time this will effect patients and the medical system at all Healthcare equipments like ventilators and other devices nowadays has a good priority and important because of Covid19 which effects all countries now Since these devices exposed some defects which will effect on its role it is very important to study and analyze such defects, classify them and how to apply CMMS in such maintenance operations This paper aims to use CMMS in maintenance operations of equipments in healthcare sector Also a classification of failures of such equipments is generated to be an input for CMMS programs The second thing is to use Equipment maintenance (EM) number in classifying such devices to be ready for using CMMS A sample of medical devices are studied and the equipment management number (EM) is calculated here for some selected devices if it reaches some specific value it needs maintenance and CMMS will manage the maintenance operations required CMMS procedures, transactions and benefits are discussed in this paper It is found that in the first step we should determine the devices included in inspection and maintenance operations by using EM number, then specifying the maintenance period and inspection frequency after that following some specific steps to manage the maintenance operations followed by CMMS programs Equipment maintenance (EM) number is very important to determine whether the equipment need maintenance or not, and it also determine the inspection and maintenance duration and so such devices be ready to be used all the time CMMS can be efficiently used in maintenance operations of healthcare equipments The use of CMMS software or application is used in processing entered data of devices or systems following the commands step-by-step to construct a CMMS system for each plant or system, this will simplify the monitoring and inspections and maintenance operations which increasing availability of the device and decreasing downtime © 2020, Dorma Journals All rights reserved

2.
Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing ; 37(4):1-3, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-886423
3.
Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing ; 37(4):4-6, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-886422
4.
Ciudad y Territorio Estudios Territoriales ; 52(205):685-700, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-886421

ABSTRACT

It is not a new idea, in fact the proximity city recovers the configuration of the dense classic Mediterranean cities, of mixed uses and with a proximity to the pedestrian scale of the main services that are usually done Its attributes had already been included in the old Agenda 21 of 2005 and in the current Urban Agenda of 2015, but with the situations derived from the Covid-19 pandemic, new opportunities open up to promote the city of proximity, reconvert public spaces previously destined to the private vehicle and at the same time to intensify the actions against the climate crisis that are complementary in the objective of achieving a healthier and friendlier city © 2020, Ministerio de Fomento All rights reserved

5.
Ciudad y Territorio Estudios Territoriales ; 52(205):665-684, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-886420

ABSTRACT

Conditions imposed by COVID19 pandemic have revealed the weakness of a urban space of Madrid, that is optimized for the private motor traffic It is analyzed the capacity of the urban framework to provide citizen needs on the closest scale, known as “15-Minute City” The virus incidence data, mobility patterns, population density have been territorialized, including an analysis of the nearby space, surface of sidewalks and roads, per inhabitant It shows a risk of the increase in previous inequalities, in an urban and territorial context segregated by income and functions The results on the nearest scale allow us to observe the major role of the street and sidewalk space, which, along with public transport, will have to be redesigned to facilitate its use in safe conditions © 2020, Ministerio de Fomento All rights reserved

6.
Ciudad y Territorio Estudios Territoriales ; 52(205):653-664, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-886419

ABSTRACT

Some of the great cities on our planet have been proposing their transformation in search of a more humane and sustainable city that allows them to face, unequivocally, the new challenges of so-ciety, overcoming the current urban paradigm where private vehicle plays an essential role To this situation will inevitably be added the consequences that COVID-19 will have in the conception of our society and with it, in our cities Among the most innovative and interesting proposals present in the urban debate in recent years is the idea of chrono-urbanism and the 15 minutes-city that Anne Hidalgo, current mayor of Paris, included in the program with which she has been re-elected © 2020, Ministerio de Fomento All rights reserved

7.
Public Finance Quarterly-Hungary ; 65(3):362-382, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-886417

ABSTRACT

A SUMMARY: The entire world was reeling from the coronavirus epidemic (Covid-19) that hit also Europe in Spring 2020 Economic stakeholders were suddenly facing a great deal of uncertainty in their activities Our paper attempts to explore the changes that have occurred in economic relations between individuals and on a broader scale in economic policy in the short time since the outbreak In our analysis, we pay special attention to the social responsibility of the economic actors, as well as to the issue of savings We show that, as a consequence of the epidemic, the European financial system had to face a complex economic crisis of such unexpected rapidity, which is without precedence since WWII In our conclusions we point to the fact that in dealing with the state of emergency caused by the coronavirus, the banking system, apart from providing the traditional basic services, has also to shoulder a complex and adaptable role, which is indispensable also for the maintenance and strengthening of the social cohesion

8.
Public Finance Quarterly-Hungary ; 65(3):348-361, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-886416

ABSTRACT

A SUMMARY: Economics is also expected to try to say something to the future in addition to exploring the facts of the past It is not its primary task to make forecasts, but it cannot ignore it, especially during non-crisis periods My study aims to use an econometric model to provide a forecast of the expected rates of increase in public debt in the Member States of the European Union caused by the coronavirus epidemic I carry out the study assuming four different versions of the course of the crisis, and in the fifth scenario, I analyze the macroeconomic situation when the crisis ends In any epidemic model, the expected increases in government debt resulting from the calculations are widely spread across countries However, critical values are expected to be reached for Greece, Italy, and Spain

9.
Public Finance Quarterly-Hungary ; 65(3):321-347, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-886415

ABSTRACT

A SUMMARY: The coronavirus epidemic arrived in Europe in the spring of 2020, causing a significant slowdown in economic activity The study examines the preparedness, vulnerability, exposure and performance of 25 European countries during the economic crisis caused by the Covid-19 epidemic Countries can be divided into seven groups with the cluster analysis executed during the research, based on fiscal, social, and external vulnerability indicators Specific patterns of country groups are explored in the value and evolution of crisis period indicators of production, labor market, mobility and risk premium The aim of the analysis is to find a correlation between pre-crisis preparedness and the extent of the economic shock caused by the crisis The research divided the countries into seven groups based on their fiscal and social stance and external vulnerability Then, specific patterns of country groups are explored in the value and evolution of production, labour market, mobility and risk premium indicators during the crisis The analysis concludes that a clear link can be established merely between the state of public finances and the indicator of financial risk in the examination of the behaviour of clusters For all clusters, it was confirmed that the decline in mobility was mostly accompanied by a slowdown in industrial production, but not by unemployment, which may indicate the impact of economic policy measures aimed at maintaining jobs The results support the initial theoretical assumption that in an economic crisis caused by a exogenous shock originated in non-economic factor, the explanatory power in terms of short-term effects is much lower than in crises caused by economic risks

10.
Environmental Health Engineering and Management ; 7(3):217-218, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-886413
11.
Journal of Baltic Science Education ; 19(5):692-695, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-886410

ABSTRACT

Development of Human personal as well as social Life means continuing physical and spiritual (mental) changes all around them and within them Corresponding changes traditionally reflected by humans as evolution (reformational) or revolution (transformational) processes, that are realizing corresponding quantitative or qualitative steps within the development of people’s Life Activities First 20 years of 21-st Century presented a real start of serious qualitative changes as a process of implementation up to date achievements of modern Science and Technologies These are transformational changes not only within physical background of our traditional Life, but fast developing of corresponding changes also within our spiritual (or mental) Life (Broks, 2016) The central phenomenon within the mentioned processes above today is the development of overall computerization of physical as well as mental Life Activities of Humans Global, regional, local explosion of information as an artefact of revolution within Computer Science and Information Technology marks the above mentioned beginning of the 21-st century So, our life today is becoming more and more complex by means of increasing diversity and speed of corresponding changes Virus COVID-19 attack has just only accelerated these changes Global turnover of Biological as well as Computer viruses is part of modern Life today for tomorrow © 2020 Scientia Socialis Ltd All rights reserved

12.
Journal of System and Management Sciences ; 10(3):20-34, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-886409

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is a large family of viruses that causes diseases ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as SARS-CoV There are currently several attempts to create an anti-viral drug to combat the virus The antiviral medicines could be promising treatment choices for COVID-19 Therefore, a fast strategy for drugs application that can be utilized to the patient immediately is necessary In this context, deep learning-based architectures can be considered for predicting drug-target interactions accurately This is due to a large amount of complicated knowledge, such as hydrophobic interactions, ionic interactions, and bonding with hydrogen In this paper, Recurrent Neural Network (RNN) is used to build drug-target interaction prediction model to predict drug-target interactions Bat Algorithm (BA) is used in this paper to optimize the model parameters of RNN (RNN-BA) and then using the corona virus as a target The drug with the best binding affinity will be a potential cure for the virus The proposed model consists of different four phases;data preparation phase, hyper-parameters optimizing phase, learning phase and fine-tuning for specific ligand subsets The used dataset in this paper to train and evaluate the proposed model is selected from a total of 677,044 SMILES The experimental results of the proposed model showed high level of performance in comparison with the related approaches © 2020, Success Culture Press All rights reserved

13.
Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica - Drug Research ; 77(5):269-274, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-886408

ABSTRACT

The 2019 CPhI Annual Report describing rankings, innovations and key trends in pharma industry is summarized Pharmaceutical markets were assessed based on the following indicators: growth potential, API manufacturing, innovation, competitiveness and finished product The top three markets are USA, Germany and Japan, while China has made the largest overall improvement Interestingly, UK demonstrated the largest growth decrease among all the markets reported The fact is attributed to Brexit The winner of CPhI Award was PolarDry® Electrostatic Spray Dryer Thanks electrostatic induction applied in spraying nozzle, polar solvent is moved to the surface and non-polar ingredients into center of droplets The most promising recent drug delivery devices were drug patches, smart dose injectors, multi-dose delivery injectable caps and smart dry powder inhalers The most anticipated drug delivery devices are needle-free devices, wearable delivery devices, pre-filled syringes and dual chamber products as well as autoinjectors and pens A few preselected articles were briefly summarized Bikash Chatterjee from Pharmatech Associates described evolution of industry called Pharma 4 0 The key assumptions are gathering of data from across the global supply chain by smart sensors and devices referred to Internet of Things, the data evaluation by applying Artificial Intelligence tools and finally complete integration of databases Mr Girish Malhotra presented trends in global quality assurance The following worth to be highlighted: necessity of technological improvements in manufacturing oriented on costs optimization and the highest possible drug products quality, standardization of requirements for drug products quality assessment The regulatory agencies are oriented to enforce changes implementation by hesitant companies D M Ecker and P Seymur from BioProcess Technology Group presented „Mammalian Biomanufacutring Industry Overview” Vicky Qing Xia described rapidly growing biotechnological market of China M E Ultee paid attention on developing gene therapies market in US

14.
Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica - Drug Research ; 77(5):259-268, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-886407

ABSTRACT

Coronaviruses can be divided into two groups due to pathogenicity The first group causes mild upper respiratory tract infections The second group includes highly pathogenic coronaviruses, which are the cause of severe pneumonia In December 2019, the emergence of a new 2019-nCoV coronavirus was reported in the human population, which caused a pandemic Cases of pneumonia have been reported in patients Complications included: acute respiratory distress syndrome, anaemia, acute myocardial injury, secondary infections and in severe cases - death of patients Viral factors and host immune responses were important in the development of infection The course of the disease also depended on: initial viral load in the respiratory tract, comorbidities and the age of patients Younger people experienced milder symptoms, and older people had more severe disease Diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease and renal failure were the most frequently mentioned comorbidities The therapeutic problems concerned the need to develop effective CoV treatment regimens Late diagnosis is often the cause of a complex situation that requires intervention in intensive care units There are still no approved antiviral drugs and vaccines to prevent SARS-CoV infection One of the therapeutic solutions is to change the purpose of various approved medicines used in other diseases Another problem is the transmission of infection, which occurs between people as a result in close and direct contact Rules for protection against infection have been introduced Personal protective equipment has been used: gloves, aprons, protective masks and glasses In addition, the transmission of the infection in indirect contact with contaminated objects is of great importance Monitoring the epidemiological situation and providing timely information is very important to ensure the safety of the public during and after the pandemic The purpose of this article is to present the characteristics of the new 2019-nCoV coronavirus and its ability to multiply in the human body Pathogenic types of coronaviruses, current infection, symptoms, diagnostic methods, treatment and infection transmission, and psychological effects of quarantine are discussed

15.
Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy ; 11(9):431-438, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-886406

ABSTRACT

This study conducted correlation of google trends as an alternative information source in the early stages of COVID-19 outbreak in Indonesia Time series approach was used in this study We sought to compare the official COVID-19 report in Indonesia accessible on a daily basis as well as information searches in Google Trends regarding COVID-19 Data analysis was performed using moving average in Minitab version 18 0 Correlation were calculated using pearson correlation and Time lag R value ≥ 0 7 (p ≤ 0 05) was defined strong correlation Moving average analysis showed a linear time series pattern between COVID-19 search trends and the official COVID-19 report Pearson correlation analysis indicated strong correlation with R value ranging from 0 870-0 927 (p ≤ 0,05) among the four keywords used in Google trends with the official report of COVID-19 in Indonesia Time lag correlation inference COVID-19 search trends data could possibly be utilized for an early identification of public reaction against the increasing cases of COVID-19 In the early stages of COVID-19 outbreak found the correlations and similarity of linear time series patterns are shown between COVID-19 search trends and the official COVID-19 report Public behavior in information seeking is useful in early identification of disease outbreaks in Indonesia

16.
Journal of the Nepal Medical Association ; 58(230):751-757, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-886405

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The government issued a country-wide lockdown in Nepal as a measure to curb the spread of COVID-19 pandemic This has resulted in various difficult experiences which includes financial loss, separation from loved ones, grief, uncertainty over disease status and loss of freedom During these stressful situations, interpersonal violence is likely to be aggravated To avoid the oc-currence of adverse events such as impulsive acts, homicide, or suicide, it is important to identify high-risk individuals Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional, questionnaire-based, online survey by convenience sampling The prevalence of different types of interpersonal violence with socio-demographic factors, substance use, and overall mental wellbeing was assessed by using descriptive statistical tests Results: Out of total 556 participants included in the analysis, 50 9% (283) were male and 48 7% (271) were female There were 100 (18 0%) participants who reported being a victim of interpersonal violence and 101 (18 2%) participants who reported being a perpetrator during the lockdown The victims of violence were more likely to be living with their spouse alone The victims and perpetrators were also more likely to have increased alcohol and tobacco use More number of victims and perpetrators had lower mental wellbeing scores on the WHO wellbeing index Conclusions: There was prevalence of interpersonal violence during the COVID-19 lockdown In addition to the fear regarding pandemic, victims have to face domestic violence placing them at a double injustice Identification of vulnerable groups and proper management of survivors must be prioritized given the unanimous consensus on the rise of interpersonal violence during periods of heightened stress

17.
Journal of the Nepal Medical Association ; 58(230):744-750, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-886404

ABSTRACT

Introduction: COVID-19 pandemic has profoundly affected all aspects of society, including mental and physical health Often missed is the fact that the pandemic is occurring against the backdrop of a very high prevalence of mental health issues Protecting the mental health of people and healthcare workers is important for long-term positive health outcomes and proper control of the outbreak Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional, questionnaire-based, online survey by convenience sampling Ethical approval was obtained from the institutional review committee of Nepal Health Research Council (reference no 2467) Open access, pre-validated questionnaires were used Participants with significantly poor Mental wellbeing were identified using the WHO well-being index threshold score Descriptive statistical analysis was carried out Results: Five hundred and fifty-six participants were included in the analysis Forty percent of the participants reported a WHO well-being index score of below 13, indicative of poor mental wellbeing and a need for further assessment for depression Poor Mental wellbeing was more prevalent among participants less than 30 years of age, female gender, never married, diagnosed mental disorder, living alone and those using informal sources for COVID-19 related information More participants with lower sleep quality score and higher perceived stress score reported poor Mental wellbeing Conclusions: Combating this challenge requires integration across disciplines One potential part of the solution is psychological intervention teams An emerging positive connotation to the pandemic is that it needs to be harnessed as a tool for improving health facilities, community participation, and fighting misinformation

18.
Journal of the Nepal Medical Association ; 58(230):813-819, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-886403

ABSTRACT

The cases of coronavirus disease 2019 in children have been increasing with the ongoing pandemic The finding suggests children have mild symptoms and a short course of the disease Angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 mediates entry of the virus into the cell, the combination of virus and ACE2 leads to an increase in activity of angiotensin II, resulting in acute injury to lungs, myocardium and other organs The infection causes down-regulation of ACE2 expression The ACE2 plays an important role in the infection progression and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 Works on ACE2 and virus spike protein have future prospects of strategic information on prevention, management as well as vaccine development

19.
Journal of the Nepal Medical Association ; 58(230):820-822, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-886402

ABSTRACT

Having to listen to the devastating daily news brought by COVID-19 since the first case was reported on 23rd January 2020 in Nepal, it has pushed the country into various crises The issue of psychological health has been overlooked during this crisis COVID-19 has sabotaged the psychological health of general people and more importantly medical students It has disrupted the academics and clinical rotations of medical education The prospect of being the future health care personnel without adequate training has destroyed the confidence and aspiration andin addition, joining the frontline against this type of deadly virus with little preparedness has instilled fear and uncertainty among them So, concerning the context, this article focuses on the psychological effects faced by medical students and some ways to overcome this issue

20.
Journal of the Nepal Medical Association ; 58(230):770-774, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-886401

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Rapid spread of COVID-19 has become a major concern worldwide Strong adherence to preventive measures can help to break the chain of the spread of coronavirus We conducted this study to find out the extent of information general people of Eastern Nepal have regarding COVID-19 and their attitude and practice towards preventing its spread Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional online study was done among the people of Eastern Nepal on knowledge, attitude, and practice related to COVID-19 from May 1st to May 15th after obtaining ethical clearance from the ethical review board (ERB) (ref no 319/2020 P) A 20 item survey instrument was adapted using WHO course materials on an emerging COVID-19 A convenience sample method was used Data were collected and entered in Statistical Packages for Social Services version 11 5 Point estimate at 95% Confidence Interval was calculated along with frequency and proportion for binary data Results: Among 1069 respondents, the correct answer on the COVID-19 related knowledge questionnaire was 958 (89 61%), 487 (93 11%) were health professionals, and 471 (86 26%) non-health professionals Preventive measures were strictly followed by 1044 (97 66%) participants A wrong perception about the disease was present in 390 (36 48%) Health ministry website 356 (33 30%) followed by news media 309 (29%) was the major source of information among the people Conclusions: Knowledge regarding COVID-19 among people the selected population of eastern is satisfactory which was similar to other studies done However, people still have misperceptions regarding the disease and do not strictly follow the preventive measures

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