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Hepatology International ; 17(Supplement 1):S184-S185, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2326596


Purpose: The efficacy and safety of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination have been confirmed in several clinical trials. However, patients with autoimmune liver disease were not subject to clinical trials, and data on the efficacy and safety of vaccines have been not available in these population. Therefore, we retrospectively investigated the safety and effectiveness of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination by questionnaire survey targeting Japanese patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) and primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). Method(s): This is a multi-center, retrospective, cross-sectional, questionnaires-based study. Patients with AIH and PBC who are outpatients at participating facilities, 18 years of age or older, and have given consent to participate in this study are included. We distributed questionnaires asking about sex, date of birth, number and type of vaccinations, the presence and degree of adverse effects (AEs), and the presence or absence of SARS-CoV-2 infection before and after vaccination, and asked them to fill in the questionnaire. In addition, we collected the result of liver tests before and after vaccinations of participating patients from each facility. Result(s): The survey was conducted from September 2021 to May 2022. A total of 471 questionnaires were collected from 220 AIH patients (male/female = 33/187, average age 63.5 +/- 13.1 years old) and 251 PBC patients (38/213, 65.8 +/- 10.1). The number of vaccinations was 0/1/2/unknown = 4/0/210/6 for AIH and 4/2/244/1 for PBC. The median time from the second dose to the completion of the questionnaire was 156 days for AIH and 148 days for PBC. By vaccine type, 193 Pfizer, 11 Moderna, and 16 unknown in AIH, and 223/12/16 in PBC. As for AEs, pain and swelling at the injection site were the most common in both AIH and PBC (75% in the first and 64% in the second in AIH, 64%/61% in PBC), followed by general malaise (19%/21% in AIH, 19%/31% in PBC), and myalgia (16%/ 19% in AIH, 19%/14% in PBC). Fever above 38.5 degreeC was observed in 11%/11% of AIH and 11%/24% of PBC, indicating that more patients with PBC experiencing fever that AIH. Only 1 case of PBC had an anaphylactic reaction. By comparing liver tests before and after vaccinations, 4 (1.8%) and 16 (6.4%) patients with AIH and PBC, respectively, demonstrated elevation to 1.5 times the pre-vaccination value and exceeding the upper normal limit. No patients experienced severe deterioration of liver function. SARS-CoV-2 infection was reported in 4 cases (1.8%) in AIH and 3 cases (1.3%) in PBC. Conclusion(s): The safety and effectiveness of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination is comparable to those in the general population.

Journal of Hypertension ; 41:e320, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2246602
Frontiers in Sustainable Cities ; 4, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2109890
J Bone Oncol ; 29: 100375, 2021 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1267729


Optimum management of patients with cancer during the COVID-19 pandemic has proved extremely challenging. Patients, clinicians and hospital authorities have had to balance the risks to patients of attending hospital, many of whom are especially vulnerable, with the risks of delaying or modifying cancer treatment. Those whose care has been significantly impacted include patients suffering from the effects of cancer on bone, where delivering the usual standard of care for bone support has often not been possible and clinicians have been forced to seek alternative options for adequate management. At a virtual meeting of the Cancer and Bone Society in July 2020, an expert group shared experiences and solutions to this challenge, following which a questionnaire was sent internationally to the symposium's participants, to explore the issues faced and solutions offered. 70 respondents, from 9 countries (majority USA, 39%, followed by UK, 19%) included 50 clinicians, spread across a diverse range of specialties (but with a high proportion, 64%, of medical oncologists) and 20 who classified themselves as non-clinical (solely lab-based). Spread of clinician specialty across tumour types was breast (65%), prostate (27%), followed by renal, myeloma and melanoma. Analysis showed that management of metastatic bone disease in all solid tumour types and myeloma, adjuvant bisphosphonate breast cancer therapy and cancer treatment induced bone loss, was substantially impacted. Respondents reported delays to routine CT scans (58%), standard bone scans (48%) and MRI scans (46%), though emergency scans were less affected. Delays in palliative radiotherapy for bone pain were reported by 31% of respondents with treatments often involving only a single dose without fractionation. Delays to, or cancellation of, prophylactic surgery for bone pain were reported by 35% of respondents. Access to treatments with intravenous bisphosphonates and subcutaneous denosumab was a major problem, mitigated by provision of drug administration at home or in a local clinic, reduced frequency of administration or switching to oral bisphosphonates taken at home. The questionnaire also revealed damaging delays or complete stopping of both clinical and laboratory research. In addition to an analysis of the questionnaire, this paper presents a rationale and recommendations for adaptation of the normal guidelines for protection of bone health during the pandemic.