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Journal of Emergency Medicine, Trauma and Acute Care ; 2022(3), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1969693


Background: Trauma is one of the leading causes of deaths worldwide for all age groups, especially in the younger age group. The purpose of the current study is to assess/analyze the factors for mortality in penetrating abdominal traumas with respect to the total number of intra-abdominal organs injured, related extra-abdominal injuries, gender, type of injury, time of arrival, and amount of blood transfusion needed during the pandemic. Methods: A retrospective study including 523 patients underwent laparotomy in Al-Emamien Al-Kadhimin Medical City from March 2020 to September 2021 for a penetrating abdominal injury due to blast injury, bullet, shrapnel injury, and stab wounds. The study population with penetrating abdominal traumas and indicative abdominal signs was subjected to exploratory laparotomy. Results: In this study, 465 (88.9%) males and 58 (11.1%) females participated;the highest rate was found in small bowel injuries (40.73%) followed by large bowel injuries (21.99%), whereas the lowest rate was found in gallbladder injury (1.34%). Chest injuries represent the highest rate among extra-abdominal injuries (18.36%), whereas head and neck represent the lowest rate (1.34%). Regarding the risk factors affecting the mortality rate, the highest rate of mortality was found in the case of gunshot (13.11%), followed by shrapnel (6.38%) and stab wound injuries (5.26%), which was the lowest. Conclusion: Penetrating abdominal injuries were the most common among males, small bowel injuries are the commonest organs affected by the penetrating abdominal injuries, shrapnel injuries were the commonest causes in our country, and the highest mortality rate was related to gunshot and number of organs affected and delay of arrival to the hospital and number of pints of blood received.

Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology ; 38(1), 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1902441


Background: Corticosteroids are usually prescribed for severe cases with SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19). Despite their importance to decrease patients’ mortality, they can cause serious side effects like fulminant fungal infection that can damage lungs or invade the sinuses then rapidly spread to the orbit and even intra-cranially. Unless early diagnosed and properly managed, patients can lose their vision or die from cavernous sinus thrombosis or other intracranial complications. Case presentation: A 71-year-old diabetic male patient presented with dry cough, fever, and dyspnea for 6 days. PCR test for COVID-19 was ordered and declared positive. The oxygen saturation on day 7 started to decline to reach 90%. Eight ampules of intra-muscular dexamethasone were prescribed. The patient’s dyspnea improved, and the oxygen saturation reached 94% by day 13. Oral prednisone was prescribed in a withdrawal protocol. Unfortunately, on day 15, the patient complained of mild left-sided cheek swelling and noticeably dropped left angle of mouth. Neurological consultation suspected facial palsy and asked for brain MRI examination. Limited lower cuts of the MRI study that covered the left maxillary antrum revealed mild fullness of the pre-maxillary fat planes with mucosal thickening. Complimentary dedicated MRI and CT cuts over the left maxillary sinus showed localized signs of invasive fungal sinusitis without orbital or intracranial complications. The patient received antifungal therapy even before evident endoscopic findings appeared. He underwent endoscopic debridement few days after and he had an excellent outcome without any progression or significant morbidities. Conclusion: Early CT/MRI radiological signs of invasive fungal sinusitis that complicated COVID-19 infection aid in the diagnosis and proper timely management of this fatal disease. © 2022, The Author(s).