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Emerg Radiol ; 29(1): 9-21, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1525544


PURPOSE: To correlate thromboembolic (TE) complications secondary to COVID-19 with the extent of the pulmonary parenchymal disease using CT severity scores and other comorbidities. METHODS: In total, 185 patients with COVID-19 and suspected thromboembolic complications were classified into two groups based on the presence or absence of thromboembolic complications. Thromboembolic complications were categorized based on location. Chest CT severity scoring system was used to assess the pulmonary parenchymal disease severity in all patients. Based into severity scores, patients were categorized into three groups (mild, moderate, and sever disease). RESULTS: The final study cohort consisted of 171 patients (99 male and 72 female) after excluding 14 patients with non-diagnostic CT pulmonary angiography. The TE group included 53 patients with a mean age of 55.1 ± 7.1, while the non-TE group included 118 patients with a mean age of 52.9 ± 10.8. Patients with BMI > 30 kg/m2 or having a history of smoking and HTN were found more frequently in the TE group (p < 0.05). Patients admitted to ICU were significantly higher in the TE group (p < 0.001). There was statistically significant difference (p = 0.002) in chest CT-SS between the TE group (22.8 ± 11.4) and non-TE group (17.6 ± 10.7). The percentage of severe parenchymal disease in the TE group was significantly higher compared to the non-TE group (p < 0.05). Severe parenchymal disease, BMI > 30 kg/m2, smoking, and HTN had a higher and more significant odds ratio for developing TE complications. CONCLUSION: The present data suggest that severe pulmonary parenchymal disease secondary to COVID-19 is associated with a higher incidence of thromboembolic complications.

COVID-19 , Lung Diseases , Adult , Female , Humans , Lung Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Severity of Illness Index
Pol J Radiol ; 86: e432-e439, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1359371


PURPOSE: To explore whether chest X-ray severity scoring (CX-SS) could be reliable to assess the severity of pulmonary parenchymal disease in COVID-19 patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study consisted of 325 patients whose COVID-19 was confirmed by RT-PCR test and who underwent chest X-ray and computed tomography (CT) studies to assess parenchymal disease severity. Only 195 cases included in the final analysis after exclusion of cases with previous chest disease and cases having more than 24 hours interval between their X-ray and CT chest studies. Both chest X-ray and CT severity scores (CT-SS) were recorded by 2 experienced radiologists and were compared to the clinical severity. Interobserver agreement was assessed for CX-SS and CT-SS. RESULTS: In relation to the clinical severity, the sensitivity of the CX-SS for diagnosis of moderate to severe parenchymal disease was high (90.4% and 100%) and low for mild cases (66.2%), while the specificity was high for mild to moderate parenchymal disease (100%) compared to severe cases (86.7%). The sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy of the CT-SS were higher than CX-SS. Pearson correlation coefficient demonstrated a strong positive correlation between CX-SS and CT-SS (rs = 0.88, p < 0.001). The inter-observer agreement for CX-SS was good (k = 0.79, p = 0.001), and it was excellent for CT-SS (k = 0.85, p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: CX-SS is reliable to assess the severity of COVID-19 pulmonary parenchymal disease, especially in moderate and severe cases, with the tendency of overestimation of severe cases.

Insights Imaging ; 12(1): 12, 2021 Feb 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1060960


COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) is a recently emerged pulmonary infection caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). It started in Wuhan, China, in December 2019 and led to a highly contagious disease. Since then COVID-19 continues to spread, causing exponential morbidity and mortality and threatening economies worldwide. While the primary diagnostic test for COVID-19 is the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay, chest CT has proven to be a diagnostic tool of high sensitivity. A variety of conditions demonstrates CT features that are difficult to differentiate from COVID-19 rendering CT to be of low specificity. Radiologists and physicians should be aware of imaging patterns of these conditions to prevent an erroneous diagnosis that could adversely influence management and patients' outcome. Our purpose is to provide a practical review of the conditions that mimic COVID-19. A brief description of the forementioned clinical conditions with their CT features will be included.