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1.
Cureus ; 14(10): e29859, 2022 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2110932

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continues to be a devastating disease for the elderly population, especially in long-term care facilities, and it presents with varying clinical presentations. We have ample evidence that COVID-19 can predispose to deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) during an active infection. Still, very few cases of DVT have been reported after recovery from COVID-19. The imbalance of the coagulation cascade and the increased release of certain coagulation factors play an essential role in promoting hypercoagulability and vascular endothelial dysfunction. It leads to a rise in the level of fibrin degradation products, D-dimers, which can remain elevated for up to several weeks, even after recovery. It has been suggested that the risk of DVT occurring after recovering from COVID-19 remains high for up to three months. We report a case of a 77-year-old long-term care female resident at a nursing facility, ambulatory at baseline, who was noted to be COVID-19 positive upon routine facility-wide testing per department of health guidelines. She was asymptomatic during her 10-day quarantine period. D-dimer levels during routine labs were high (initial D-dimer level of 1.87 mg/L FEU {normal value: 0.19-0.52 mg/L FEU}), but the patient had no clinical signs and symptoms of DVT. Ultrasound of the bilateral legs was not performed due to low clinical suspicion. The patient received an enoxaparin DVT prophylaxis dose during the quarantine period. Follow-up D-dimer levels were done at frequent intervals after recovery, but D-dimer levels continued to remain elevated up till six weeks after her 10-day quarantine period ended. Based on previous experience with other long-term care residents who suffered from COVID-19, bilateral lower extremity ultrasound was performed, which showed bilateral DVT. Elevated D-dimer levels are a predictor of hypercoagulation complications in COVID-19. Patients with persistently elevated D-dimer levels after recovery from COVID-19 should be screened for thromboembolic complications, even if they are asymptomatic. DVT can occur up to three months post-recovery from COVID-19 infection.

2.
J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect ; 12(4): 7-13, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2081653

ABSTRACT

Multisystem inflammatory syndrome is a life-threatening condition associated with elevated inflammatory markers and multiple organ injury. A diagnosis of exclusion, it has been reported after severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection (SARS-CoV-2) in children and adults; recently it has been described in some post-COVID-19 vaccinated individuals. The prognosis with supportive care and immunomodulatory therapy is good, although some individuals may require treatment in the intensive care unit (ICU). Here we report a case of a 58-year-old man who developed multi-organ failure after receiving the second dose of the Moderna mRNA-1273 COVID-19 vaccine. He required critical organ support in the ICU. An extensive workup was done to rule out alternative infectious and inflammatory processes. Following a period of gradual in-hospital convalescence, our patient made a full recovery. To our knowledge, this is the first comprehensively described case of multisystem inflammatory syndrome associated with Moderna mRNA-1273 COVID-19 vaccine in an adult over 50 years of age.

3.
World Medical & Health Policy ; 14(3):528-543, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2013819

ABSTRACT

Handwashing has been proven to be effective at preventing several infectious diseases. This study aims to find out the role of wealth status in establishing handwashing stations in the households of Nepal. This study used secondary data from Nepal Demographic Health Survey in 2016 to assess the association between households' wealth status and handwashing stations. The findings displayed a significant association between the age of the household head, residence place, ecological zone, province, wealth status, having a mosquito net, having a radio and TV in the respondent's household, and fixed handwashing stations at their households at p < 0.001 level. Wealth status has significant effect on fixed handwashing stations (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 12.699;95% confidence interval [CI] = 10.120–15.935;p < 0.001) in the households. The households with the poorest wealth status (aOR = 9.718;95% CI = 7.387–12.785;p < 0.001), mountain ecological zone (aOR = 1.325;95% CI = 1.098–1.599;p < 0.01), Madhesh province (aOR = 2.967;95% CI = 2.405–3.658;p < 0.001) were significant predictors for not having fixed handwashing stations even after inclusion of socio‐covariates. Correspondingly, the presence of mosquito net (aOR = 0.795;95% CI = 0.692–0.913; p < 0.01), presence of a radio (aOR = 0.758;95% CI = 0.671–0.857;p < 0.001), and presence of a TV (aOR = 0.762;95% CI = 0.667–0.871;p < 0.001) had a significant effect on fixed handwashing stations at their households even after inclusion of socio‐covariates. The study found households with the poorest wealth quintiles, mountain ecological zone, and Madhesh and Karnali provinces had low fixed handwashing stations. The study suggests more leading interventions to improve public health in this region.Alternate :洗手能有效预防多种传染病。本研究旨在分析财富状况对尼泊尔家庭建立洗手台一事产生的作用。本研究使用2016年尼泊尔人口统计健康调查(NDHS)数据,评估家庭财富状况与洗手台之间的关联。研究结果显示,受访家庭户主的年龄、居住地、生态区、省份、财富状况、拥有蚊帐、收音机和电视机,这些因素与家庭拥有固定洗手台之间存在显著相关性,p=<0.001。财富状况对家庭拥有固定洗手台一事产生显著效果,调整后比值比(aOR)=12.699;95%置信区间 (CI) =10.120‐15.935,p=<0.001。财富状况最差的家庭(aOR=9.718;95% CI=7.387‐12.785,p=<0.001)、山地生态区(aOR=1.325,95% CI=1.098‐1.599,p=<0.01)、摩提舍省(aOR=2.967, 95% CI= 2.405‐3.658, p=<0.001) 是家庭没有固定洗手台的重要预测物,即使在包含社会协变量后也是如此。相应地,拥有蚊帐 (aOR=.795;95% CI=.692‐.913, p=<0.01)、收音机 (aOR=.758;95% CI=.671‐.857, p= <0.001) 和电视 (aOR=.762;95% CI=.667‐.871, p=<0.001) 对家庭拥有固定洗手台一事产生显著效果,即使在包含社会协变量后也是如此。研究发现,最贫困的财富五分位家庭、山地生态区、摩提舍省和卡尔纳利省的固定洗手台位置较低。本研究建议采取更多重要的干预措施来改善该地区的公共卫生。Alternate :El lavado de manos es efectivo para prevenir varias enfermedades infecciosas. El estudio tiene como objetivo averiguar el papel del estado de riqueza en el establecimiento de estaciones de lavado de manos en los hogares de Nepal. Este estudio utilizó datos secundarios de la Encuesta de salud demográfica de Nepal (NDHS) de 2016 para evaluar la asociación entre el estado de riqueza de los hogares y las estaciones de lavado de manos. Los hallazgos mostraron una asociación significativa entre la edad del jefe de hogar, el lugar de residencia, la zona ecológica, la provincia, el nivel de riqueza, tener mosquitero, tener radio y televisión en los hogares de los encuestados con estaciones fijas de lavado de manos en sus hogares a un ivel de p = <0,001. El estado de riqueza tiene un efecto significativo en las estaciones fijas de lavado de manos cociente de probabilidades ajustado (aOR) = 12,699;Intervalo de confianza (IC) del 95% =10.120‐15.935, p = <0.001, en los hogares. Los hogares con el estado de riqueza más pobre (aOR = 9.718;95% IC = 7.387‐12.785, p = <0.001), zona ecológica de montaña (aOR = 1.325, 95% IC = 1.098‐1.599, p = <0.01), provincia de Madhesh (aOR = 2.967, IC 95%= 2.405‐3.658, p = <0.001), fueron predictores significativos de no tener estaciones fijas de lavado de manos aún después de la inclusión de socio‐covariables. Así mismo, presencia de mosquitera (ORa = .795;IC 95%=.692‐.913, p = <0.01), presencia de radio (ORa = .758;IC 95%=.671‐.857, p = <0.001) y la presencia de un televisor (aOR = .762;95% IC = .667‐.871, p = <0.001) tuvieron un efecto significativo en las estaciones fijas de lavado de manos en sus hogares incluso después de la inclusión de socio‐covariables. El estudio encontró que los hogares con los quintiles de riqueza más pobres, la zona ecológica montañosa, Madhesh y la provincia de Karnali tenían estaciones de lavado de manos fijas bajas. El estudio sugiere más intervenciones líderes para mejorar la salud pública en esta región.Alternate :Key PointsHandwashing effectively reduces the spread of several infectious diseases, including COVID‐19.This paper uses secondary data from Nepal's Demographic Health Survey in 2016 to assess the association between households' wealth status and having handwashing stations.There exists a significant association between the age of the household head, place of residence, ecological zone, province, wealth status, and having a mosquito net/radio/TV in the house, and the likelihood of having fixed handwashing stations.The lowest proportions of fixed handwashing stations were found in the poorest households, in the mountains, among the Madheshi ethnicity, and based in Karnali province.Promoting handwashing stations may need additional public health interventions to overcome underlying inequalities at a population level.

4.
Hosp Pract (1995) ; 50(4): 326-330, 2022 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1997024

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The COVID-19 pandemic severely restricted in-person learning. As a result, many educational institutions switched to online platforms to continue teaching. COVID-19 webinars have been useful for rapidly disseminating information to frontline healthcare workers. While conducting COVID-19 webinars through online platforms is a popular method to train medical professionals, their effectiveness has never been investigated. Our aim was to ascertain the usefulness of COVID-19 webinars during the pandemic. METHODS: We conducted an online survey of about 400 frontline healthcare workers. 112 people responded to the survey (response rate = 28%). In it, we asked several questions to determine whether webinars had been a useful resource to help deal with COVID-19 patients. RESULTS: We found that a majority of healthcare worker respondents had favorable opinions of online education during the pandemic as around 78% of respondents either agreed or highly agreed that webinars are a useful source of knowledge. A significant proportion (34%) did not participate in webinars and gave time constraints as their main reason for not participating. CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that while online education is a great way to disseminate information quickly to a large amount of people, it also comes with its disadvantages. As we transition into a post-pandemic world, we need to make sure that online teaching is designed with the best interests of the healthcare workers in mind to ensure that we get the most out of it.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Health Personnel , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Surveys and Questionnaires
5.
Cureus ; 14(4): e24528, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1876137

ABSTRACT

Massive efforts are being made to develop coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines at an unprecedented rate. The vaccinations' adverse impact profile, on the other hand, has not been well established. Neurological complications are increasingly reported as a result of these vaccines. One such complication identified is immune-mediated inflammatory polyneuropathy, which affects peripheral nerves and neurons. We report a case of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) post-mRNA-1273 (Moderna) COVID-19 vaccine. Recognizing this complication and distinguishing it from Guillain-Barré syndrome enables timely initiation of treatment. Additionally, our report highlights a possible link between vaccination and subsequent development of CIDP, but conclusive evidence of a causal relationship requires more extensive studies.

6.
Cureus ; 14(2): e21998, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1716121

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic brought about an unprecedented time. Multiple systemic complications have been recognized with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) as it can do much more than affect the respiratory system. One of the intriguing neurological complications is Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS). We reviewed three cases in which patients presented with GBS following COVID-19 infection. All three cases had positive lumbar puncture results with albumino-cytological dissociation. Each patient was treated with plasmapheresis and improved clinically. Although an exact causal relationship between COVID-19 and GBS cannot be drawn from this case series alone, it signifies the importance of this complication. It warrants further studies to establish the causal relationship. One should have a high suspicion for acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP) in patients presenting with acute onset of ascending weakness following COVID-19 infection.

7.
Critical Care Medicine ; 50:119-119, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1597165

ABSTRACT

B Conclusions: b Most respondents agree that webinars are an important medium for the dissemination of information on COVID-19 and that these webinars have informed their clinical practice. Around 75% of respondents either agreed or highly agreed that webinars are a useful source of knowledge despite only 68% of them reporting to have active participation in webinars relating to COVID-19 treatment/management. Overall, our survey showed a strong interest from front liners for COVID-19 webinars. [Extracted from the article] Copyright of Critical Care Medicine is the property of Lippincott Williams & Wilkins and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

8.
Critical Care Medicine ; 50:89-89, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1590881

ABSTRACT

Sino-nasal mucormycosis was predominant and affected 24 (61%) patients, 7 (18%) patients had rhino-cerebral Mucormycosis, and 5 (13%) patient had additional peripheral nervous system involvement. B Objective: b Mucormycosis is not a new diagnosis but it has high incidence among COVID-19 patients in India during second wave of pandemic. [Extracted from the article] Copyright of Critical Care Medicine is the property of Lippincott Williams & Wilkins and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

9.
Infez Med ; 29(4): 495-503, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1579089

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: To date, only corticosteroids and interleukin-6 (IL-6) inhibitors have been shown to reduce mortality of hospitalized patients with COVID-19. In this literature review, we aimed to summarize infection risk of IL inhibitors, with or without the use of corticosteroids, used to treat hospitalized patients with COVID-19. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using the following evidence-based medicine reviews: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials; Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; Embase; Ovid Medline; and Epub Ahead of Print, In-Process, In-Data-Review & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Daily and Versions 1946 to April 28, 2021. All relevant articles were identified using the search terms COVID-19 or SARS-coronavirus-2, infections, interleukins, inpatients, adults, and i ncidence. RESULTS: We identified 36 studies of which 2 were meta-analyses, 5 were randomized controlled trials, 9 were prospective studies, and 20 were retrospective studies. When anakinra was compared with control, 2 studies reported an increased risk of infection, and 3 studies reported a similar or decreased incidence of infection. Canakinumab had a lower associated incidence of infection compared with placebo in one study. When sarilumab was compared with placebo, one study reported an increased risk of infection. Nine studies comparing tocilizumab with placebo reported decreased or no difference in infection risk (odds ratio [OR] for the studies ranged from 0.39-1.21). Fourteen studies comparing tocilizumab with placebo reported an increased risk of infection, ranging from 9.1% to 63.0% (OR for the studies ranged from 1.85-5.04). Infection most commonly presented as bacteremia. Of the 6 studies comparing tocilizumab and corticosteroid use with placebo, 4 reported a nonsignificant increase toward corticosteroids being associated with bacterial infections (OR ranged from 2.76-3.8), and 2 studies reported no increased association with a higher infection risk. CONCLUSIONS: Our literature review showed mixed results with variable significance for the association of IL-6 inhibitors with risk of infections in patients with COVID-19.

10.
J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect ; 11(4): 457-463, 2021 Jun 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1280005

ABSTRACT

Background: Given that nearly a quarter of the US physician workforce are international medical graduates (IMGs), many of whom remain on temporary work visas for prolonged periods due to processing delays, the pandemic has posed unique challenges to these frontline workers and has arbitrarily limited our physician workforce. Methods: This is cross-sectional survey data obtained from IMGs on temporary work visas pertaining to their role in healthcare, impact of visa-related restrictions on their professional and personal lives was sent to the participants. Results: A total of 2630 IMGs responded to the survey. Most of the respondents (1493, 56.8%) were physicians in active practice, with Internal Medicine (1684, 65.7%) being the predominant specialty encountered. 64.1% were practicing in Medically Underserved Areas (MUA) or Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSA), with 45.6% practicing in a rural area. Nearly 89% of respondents had been involved with direct care of COVID-19 patients, with 63.7% assuming administrative responsibilities for COVID-19 preparedness. 261 physicians (11.5%) were subject to quarantine, while 28 (1.2%) reported a confirmed COVID-19 infection. 93% physicians expressed inability to serve in COVID-19 surge areas due to visa-related restrictions, while 57% had been approached by recruiters due to staffing shortages. 72% physicians reported that their families would be at risk for deportation in case of their disability or death. Most respondents (98.8%) felt that permanent resident status would help alleviate the above concerns. Conclusion: A significant proportion of the US physician workforce is adversely impacted by work-based visa restrictions and processing backlog. Mitigating these restrictions could significantly bolster the current physician workforce and prove beneficial in our response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

11.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(6)2021 Jun 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1270018

ABSTRACT

Real-time RT-PCR is considered the gold standard confirmatory test for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, many scientists disagree, and it is essential to understand that several factors and variables can cause a false-negative test. In this context, cycle threshold (Ct) values are being utilized to diagnose or predict SARS-CoV-2 infection. This practice has a significant clinical utility as Ct values can be correlated with the viral load. In addition, Ct values have a strong correlation with multiple haematological and biochemical markers. However, it is essential to consider that Ct values might be affected by pre-analytic, analytic, and post-analytical variables such as collection technique, specimen type, sampling time, viral kinetics, transport and storage conditions, nucleic acid extraction, viral RNA load, primer designing, real-time PCR efficiency, and Ct value determination method. Therefore, understanding the interpretation of Ct values and other influential factors could play a crucial role in interpreting viral load and disease severity. In several clinical studies consisting of small or large sample sizes, several discrepancies exist regarding a significant positive correlation between the Ct value and disease severity in COVID-19. In this context, a revised review of the literature has been conducted to fill the knowledge gaps regarding the correlations between Ct values and severity/fatality rates of patients with COVID-19. Various databases such as PubMed, Science Direct, Medline, Scopus, and Google Scholar were searched up to April 2021 by using keywords including "RT-PCR or viral load", "SARS-CoV-2 and RT-PCR", "Ct value and viral load", "Ct value or COVID-19". Research articles were extracted and selected independently by the authors and included in the present review based on their relevance to the study. The current narrative review explores the correlation of Ct values with mortality, disease progression, severity, and infectivity. We also discuss the factors that can affect these values, such as collection technique, type of swab, sampling method, etc.

12.
Cureus ; 13(4): e14279, 2021 Apr 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1212080

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) has affected over 180 countries, resulting in global mass death. It has been reported that patients with underlying disease are more likely to contract the disease and become critically ill. The impact of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on the severity of COVID-19 has been underlined in the literature. In this analysis, we have provided evidence of an association between CKD and COVID-19. We followed the PRISMA protocol and conducted a literature search using Google Scholar, EMBASE, PubMed, and Clinical trail.gov. The initial search yielded 2102 articles. We included 20 cohorts based on inclusion criteria reporting an association between CKD and COVID-19 after excluding irrelevant articles, including review articles and duplicates. We conducted pooled prevalence of CKD and meta-analysis to estimate the odds ratio (OR), 95% confidence interval (CI) using Cochrane RevMan (version 5.4, Copenhagen: The Nordic Cochrane Centre, The Cochrane Collaboration), and R programming language version 4.16-2 (University of Auckland, New Zealand). Our study involved 4350 patients from different countries, and 212 (4.9%) patients had CKD. Among 20 cohorts, 57.27% were male with a median age of 55.5 years. Eight hundred sixty-six patients developed severe COVID-19, and out of which, 39 (4.5%) were CKD patients. CKD patients had a significantly increased risk of severe disease as compared to non-CKD patients with a pooled OR of 2.15 (95% CI 1.16-4.01) (I2=41; p=0.02). Out of 443 COIVD-19 patients who died, 85 patients had CKD, with a prevalence of 19.18%. CKD patients had an increased risk of death as compared to non-CKD patients with a pooled OR of 5.58 (95% CI 3.27-9.54) (I2=0; p<0.00001). CKD is manifested as a common underlying disease in COVID-19 patients who had a worse prognosis, including mortality.

13.
Cureus ; 13(3): e13894, 2021 Mar 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1178559

ABSTRACT

Background and objective The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has become a global healthcare emergency. The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the causative agent of COVID-19, has a wide range of clinical manifestations ranging from subclinical infection to multi-organ failure. In addition to the respiratory system, COVID-19 also adversely affects the kidneys. In this study, we aimed to measure the prevalence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in COVID-19 and its association with the disease severity and mortality in COVID-19 patients. Materials and methods We conducted our study by following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. A comprehensive literature search using four databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and clinicaltrial.gov) was performed. Our initial search returned 2,771 articles. After excluding review articles, duplicates, and non-relevant studies, we included 20 articles that reported an association between COVID-19 and AKI. We subsequently performed a random effect analysis to find the pooled prevalence, pooled odds ratio (OR) estimates, and 95% confidence intervals for severe COVID-19 and mortality outcomes in AKI using Cochrane RevMan (version 5.4) and R programming language (version 4.16-2). Results A total of 14,415 patients from various countries were included. Among the 20 cohorts, the median age was 55.8 ±8.39 years (range: 43-72 years), and 43.78% of the subjects were female. Out of a total of 14,415 patients, 3,820 developed AKI with a pooled prevalence of 11% (95% CI: 0.07-0.15; p<0.01; I2=98%). AKI was found to have a significant association with severe COVID-19 disease, with a pooled OR of 8.45 (95% CI: 5.56-12.56; p<0.00001; I2=0%). AKI was associated with significantly higher mortality in patients with COVID-19 with an OR of 13.52 (95% CI: 5.43-33.67; p<0.00001; I2=88%). Conclusion AKI manifests as a common COVID-19 complication, and COVID-19 patients with AKI generally have poor outcomes in terms of disease severity and mortality.

14.
Cureus ; 13(2): e13541, 2021 Feb 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1170566

ABSTRACT

The use of electronic cigarettes among the young adult and adolescent population has increased over the past decade. Vaping is the process of inhaling an aerosol that is produced by heating a liquid or wax containing substances, such as nicotine, cannabinoids (e.g., tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol), flavoring, and additives (e.g., glycerol, propylene glycol) using an e-cigarette. A multistate epidemic associated with vaping prompted the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to issue an official health advisory on e-cigarette or vaping product use-associated lung injury (EVALI). EVALI is a diagnosis of exclusion with no specific diagnostic test. We present a case of EVALI before the COVID-19 pandemic time in a 23-year-old immunocompetent male student with an eight-year history of vaping. He presented to the emergency department with fever, shortness of breath, tachypnea, nausea, and diarrhea. The patient had no past medical history. The patient denied illicit drug abuse or known drug allergies. The patient was admitted with a diagnosis of sepsis and pneumonia. The patient's urine drug screen was positive for cannabinoids with a history of vaping. Community-acquired pneumonia due to Legionella, Pneumococcal, Mycoplasma bacteria was ruled out. Influenza A/B, Parainfluenza, Rhino, and Adenoviruses were negative. A computed tomographyscan of the chest showed bilateral infiltrates. He was treated with high dose steroids, empiric antibiotics, high flow oxygen and managed in ICU for seven days. The patient was discharged on tapering doses of steroid and counseled to quit vaping. EVALI outbreak is strongly linked to vitamin E acetate in vaping products. EVALI is a diagnosis of exclusion with a history of vaping and responds well to steroids.

15.
BMC Psychol ; 8(1): 127, 2020 Dec 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-966722

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A lower respiratory tract infection caused by novel coronavirus termed as Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) was first identified in China and subsequently took the form of pandemic. Studies on disease outbreak in the past and recent COVID-19 outbreak have demonstrated increased psychological distress and adverse impacts on mental health and psychological wellbeing of people. However, the impact of COVID-19 on psychological wellbeing of people in Nepal hasn't been studied adequately. So, this paper aims to report the findings from a social media survey on psychological impacts of COVID-19 in Nepal. METHODS: Data were collected through social media from 2082 Nepalese respondents between 23rd April, 2020 and 3rd May, 2020. A total of 2014 respondents who were currently residing in Nepal were included in the analysis. RESULTS: The study suggested that half of the respondents suffered from at least one symptom of psychological distress whereas 32% suffered from two or more symptoms of psychological distress such as restlessness, fearfulness, anxiety and worry and sadness in the past 2 weeks preceding the survey date. The findings further suggested that respondents having lower family income, residing in rented room, and participants from province 2 were more likely to suffer from both single and multiple symptoms of psychological distress. CONCLUSION: The study has shown high prevalence of psychological distress amongst the Nepalese respondents following COVID-19 outbreak. Appropriate mental health and psychosocial support response needs to be instituted to adequately respond to psychological impacts of the epidemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/psychology , Health Surveys , Internet , Psychological Distress , Self Report , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Adult , Disease Outbreaks , Female , Humans , Male , Nepal/epidemiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
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