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Circulation Conference: American Heart Association's Epidemiology and Prevention/Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic Health ; 145(Supplement 1), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2320271


Introduction: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a rare but potentially debilitating thrombosis affecting 3-4 cases per million adults in the United States. Risk factors are thought similar to venous thrombosis, but there is little epidemiologic data corroborating this assertion. Concern about a possible association between the Janssen (Johnson and Johnson) and Oxford-AztraZenaca COVID-19 vaccines and cases of CVST resulted in increased global attention to this condition. Thus, large epidemiological assessment of the risk factors, treatment and outcomes of CVST are needed. Objective(s): Estimate the distributions of risk factors antecedent to CVST diagnosis, report CVST treatments in clinical practice, and potential sequelae of CVST in a large retrospective cohort of adults with CVST in the United States. Method(s): MarketScan Commercial and Medicare Supplemental administrative databases were employed to assess CVST diagnosed between 2011 and 2019 in the U.S. Validated International Classification of Disease (ICD) codes and receipt of an outpatient anticoagulant (either oral or subcutaneous anticoagulant) prescription within 30 days of the ICD code identified incident CVST. Antecedent clinical characteristics, treatments, and sequelae of CVST were identified using inpatient, outpatient, and prescription data. For outcomes, proportions and incidence with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated, stratified by sex. Result(s): We identified 1,869 CVST patients. Of these 1,314 (70%) were female, with 200 (10%) events identified as a pregnancy-related CVST. The average age was 41 years for females and 48 years for men. Among women, 24.7% were on hormonal therapy (oral contraceptive, estrogen, and progestin) prior to diagnosis. Men had a higher prevalence of comorbidities, such as diabetes (15% men vs. 9% women) and cancer (19% men vs. 10% women). Oral anticoagulant (OAC) use was the most common treatment for CVST in both men (88%) and women (85%) and did not vary by sex. Use of procedures to treat CVST, optic nerve fenestration and catheter directed thrombolysis, were 0.5% and 4.1%, respectively. The most common sequela after CVST was incidence of intracranial hypertension (Incidence: 4.2 per 100 person-years;95% CI: 3.3, 5.1) and palliedema was rare. Conclusion(s): Overall, a majority of CVST patients were women of reproductive age. Our findings suggest a potential association with both endogenous (pregnancy) and exogenous (oral contraceptives, HRT) hormones which needs further study. In our sample, CVST was managed with oral anticoagulants, regardless of sex, and intracranial hypertension was elevated following CVST. This large claims-based analysis is a descriptive insight into the risk factors and management of CVST, a rare and debilitating condition.

Blood ; 136:21-22, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1348324


Introduction: Adult T-cell leukemia lymphoma (ATLL) is a rare hematologic malignancy caused by human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV-1) with dismal cure rates and poor response to conventional chemotherapy. Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (AlloSCT) is the only therapeutic option which may offer the chance of long-term remission and cures in a subset of patients. We sought to investigate the outcomes of transplantation in one of the largest cohorts in North America. Methods: A retrospective chart review study was conducted using the North-American ATLL and the Hematopoietic Precursor Cell transplantation databases at Montefiore Medical Center from 2011 to 2020. Variables collected include age, sex, ethnicity, ATLL subtype, molecular profile, previous treatments, conditioning regimens, type of transplant, immunosuppressive regimen, progression free survival (PFS) post-transplant and overall survival (OS) post-transplant. Results: Fourteen patients with ATLL who received an AlloSCT from 2011-2020 were identified. Fifty-seven percent (8/14) of patients were male. Seventy-one percent (10/14) of patients were African American and twenty-nine percent (4/14) were Hispanic. Median age was 51 years. Sixty-four percent (9/14) of patients had Stage IV disease at the time of diagnosis. Forty-three percent (6/14) patients had acute and fifty-seven percent (8/14) had lymphomatous ATLL. Almost all patients (92%) were treated initially with EPOCH combination chemotherapy. Twenty-eight percent (4/14) of patients received interferon/zidovudine as bridge-to-transplant. Fifty-seven percent (8/14) of patients achieved complete remission (CR) prior to AlloSCT, 7% (1/14) were in partial remission, and 28% (4/14) were relapsed or refractory. Forty-three percent (6/14) of patients received SCT from a matched-related donor (MRD), 36% (5/14) from a haplo-identical donor and 21% (3/14) from a matched-unrelated donor (MUD). Ninety-three percent (13/14) of patients received a reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimen pre-transplantation. Seven percent (1/14) received a myeloablative conditioning (MAC) regimen. RIC regimens consisted of fludarabine with melphalan +/- anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) or fludarabine with cyclophosphamide with total-body irradiation in doses less than 500 cGy. Patients receiving haplo-identical SCT also received post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) for prevention of graft vs host disease (GVHD). The MAC regimen used included busulfan with cyclophosphamide at myeloablative doses. Twenty-eight percent (4/14) of patients relapsed post-alloSCT with a median relapse-free survival of 6 months (range 4-18 months). The median OS of the whole cohort was 27 months (8-82 months). Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) developed in 28% (4/14) percent of patients. The most common manifestation was skin GVHD. Fifty-percent (7/14) of the patients are surviving to-date. Transplant-related mortality (TRM) at day 100 was 21% (3/14) of patients. Causes of death were complex and included several diagnoses in certain patients. The most frequent diagnoses associated with death were infection (28%), graft failure (14%), GVHD (14%), veno-occlusive disease of the liver (VOD) (7%), disease progression (14%) and unknown due to patient lost to follow-up (14%). The main infectious events included fungal (2), bacterial (1), and COVID-19 (1) infection. Forty-three percent (6/14) of patients remain in complete remission to date. Conclusions: Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation offers long-term survival with a TRM of 21% in a disease with an inherently dismal prognosis. AlloSCT using several graft sources, is thus, a safe and well tolerated treatment modality and offers long term remissions. Disclosures: Steidl: Pieris Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy;Aileron Therapeutics: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding;Bayer Healthcare: Research Funding;Stelexis Therapeutics: Consultancy, Current equity holder in private company, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advi ory committees. Verma: BMS: Consultancy, Research Funding;acceleron: Consultancy, Honoraria;Janssen: Research Funding;Medpacto: Research Funding;stelexis: Current equity holder in private company. Janakiram: ADC Therapeutics, FATE therapeutics, TAKEDA pharmaceuticals: Research Funding.