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Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 49(4): 293-302, 2021 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1262652


OBJECTIVE: Acute ischemic cardiac events can complicate coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We report the in-hospital characteristics of patients with acute myocardial infarction and concomitant COVID-19. METHODS: This was a registry-based retrospective analysis of patients admitted with positive COVID-19 tests who suffered acute myocardial infarction either before or during hospitalization; from 1 March 2020 to 1 April 2020 in a tertiary cardiovascular center-Tehran Heart Center. We performed an exploratory analysis to compare the clinical characteristics of patients who died during hospitalization or were discharged alive. RESULTS: In March 2020, 57 patients who had acute myocardial infarction and a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 were included in the study. During hospitalization, 13 patients (22.8%) died after a mean hospital stay of 8.4 days. The deceased were older than the survivors. No significant association between mortality and sex or length of hospital stay was observed. Hypertensive individuals were more likely to have a fatal outcome. Previously receiving angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers did not show any association with mortality. Regarding the laboratory data during hospitalization, higher cardiac troponin T, neutrophil count, C-reactive protein, urea, and blood urea nitrogen/creatinine ratio were observed in the mortality group. The deceased had a lower lymphocyte count than the survivors. CONCLUSIONS: Markers of worsening renal function and immune system disturbance seem to be associated with mortality in concurrent acute myocardial infarction and COVID-19. Optimizing the management of acute coronary syndrome complicating COVID-19 requires addressing such potential contributors to mortality.

COVID-19 , Myocardial Infarction , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/mortality , Female , Humans , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Myocardial Infarction/mortality , Retrospective Studies
Egypt Heart J ; 73(1): 35, 2021 Mar 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1160379


BACKGROUND: Serial chest computed tomography (CT) scans are used to detect coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia and monitor the disease course. This study investigates relationship between total severity score by first chest CT and the outcome of coronavirus COVID-19 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). RESULTS: A total of 48 patients with a history of CAD (mean age=60.83±3.06 years, 75% male) with positive real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction for COVID-19 were included. Outcome was defined as acute respiratory distress syndrome or death. The unadjusted and adjusted effects of the CT score on the outcome were reported through odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI). Outcome occurred in 17 (35.5%) patients (8 deaths). The CT score was directly and significantly correlated with the outcome in the univariate analysis (OR 1.38, 95% CI 1.12-1.70; P=0.003) and remained significant after adjustment for diabetes, hypertension, body mass index, and serum level of highly sensitive C-reactive protein (OR 1.51, 95% CI 1.11-2.05; P=0.009). Outcome rate was 24.1% in patients with a CT score <2.5, whereas it was 8.3% in patients with a CT score>2.5. CONCLUSIONS: The first chest CT score could be a robust predictor of adverse events in confirmed COVID-19 patients with coronary artery disease.

Kardiol Pol ; 78(12): 1227-1234, 2020 12 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1043962


BACKGROUND: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) as the treatment of choice for ST­segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) should be rapidly performed. It is necessary to use preventive strategies during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID­19) outbreak, which is an ongoing global concern. However, critical times in STEMI management may be influenced by the implementation of infection control protocols. AIMS: We aimed to investigate the impact of our dedicated COVID­19 PPCI protocol on time components related to STEMI care and catheterization laboratory personnel safety. A subendpoint analysis to compare patient outcomes at a median time of 70 days during the pandemic with those of patients treated in the preceding year was another objective of our study. METHODS: Patients with STEMI who underwent PPCI were included in this study. Chest computed tomography (CT) and real­time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (rRT­PCR) tests were performed in patients suspected of having COVID­19. A total of 178 patients admitted between February 29 and April 30, 2020 were compared with 146 patients admitted between March 1 and April 30, 2019. RESULTS: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection was confirmed by rRT­PCR in 7 cases. In 6 out of 7 patients, CT was indicative of COVID­19. There were no differences between the study groups regarding critical time intervals for reperfusion in STEMI. The 70­day mortality rate before and during the pandemic was 2.73% and 4.49%, respectively (P = 0.4). CONCLUSIONS: The implementation of the dedicated COVID­19 PPCI protocol in patients with STEMI allowed us to achieve similar target times for reperfusion, short­term clinical outcomes, and staff safety as in the prepandemic era.

COVID-19/complications , Clinical Protocols , Coronary Angiography/standards , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/standards , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary/standards , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Poland , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome