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1.
Clinical Kidney Journal ; : 19, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1758707

ABSTRACT

Novel coronavirus disease infection (COVID-19) was declared a global pandemic in March 2020 and since then has become a major public health problem. The prevalence of COVID-19 infection and acute kidney injury (AKI) is variable depending on several factors such as race/ethnicity, and severity of illness. The pathophysiology of renal involvement in COVID-19 infection is not entirely clear but it could be in part explained by the viral tropism in the kidney parenchyma. AKI in COVID-19 infection can be either by direct invasion of the virus, or as a consequence of immunologic response. Diverse studies have focused on the effect of COVID-19 on glomerulonephritis (GN) patients or the "novo" GN;however, the effect of COVID-19 in acute tubulointerstitial nephritis (ATIN) has been scarcely studied. In this article, we present five cases with different spectrums of COVID-19 infection and ATIN that may suggest that recent diagnosis of ATIN is accompanied with a worse clinical prognosis in comparison with long-term diagnosed ATIN.

2.
Nefrologia ; 41(6):706-708, 2021.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1688222
4.
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation ; 36:166-166, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1539417
5.
Multiple Sclerosis Journal ; 27(2 SUPPL):769-770, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1496075

ABSTRACT

Background: Information about humoral and cellular responses to SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in patients with Multiple Sclerosis (PwMS) and other autoimmune diseases (AID) is scarce. Objective: To determine humoral and cellular responses after SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in PwMS and anti-CD20-treated patients with other AID. Methods: Ongoing prospective study performed in two Catalan MS centres from February 2021. Unvaccinated adult pwMS and other anti-CD20-treated AID were recruited. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data were obtained. Whole blood samples were obtained before and 30-90 days after vaccination. The humoral response to SARS-CoV-2 was qualitatively and quantitatively measured before and after vaccination with commercial chemiluminescence immunoassays targeting SARS-CoV-2 antibodies against spike (TrimericS, IgG anti-S) and nucleocasid proteins (Elecsys, Ig anti-N). In 150 selected patients according to diseasemodifying therapy (DMT), the SARS-CoV-2 specific T-cell response was assessed after vaccination by a whole blood Interferon-Gamma Release immuno Assay (IGRA) that uses two Qiagen proprietary mixes of SARS-CoV-2 S protein (Ag.1 and Ag.2) selected to activate both CD4 and CD8 T cells. Results: 457 patients have been enrolled in the study (anti-CD20 therapy n=164, S1P DMTs n=37, natalizumab n=32, cladribine n=29, alemtuzumab n=31, other DMTs n=129, no DMT n=35). Participants characteristics are: mean age 48.1 years (SD 12.0), 69% female, 422 pwMS (29.4% progressive forms) and 35 with other AID, disease duration 13.9 years (IQR 14.1), median EDSS 3.0 (IQR 3.0). 450 have been fully vaccinated (94.2% mRNA vaccine). Pre-vaccination samples were collected 0.33 days (SD 0.5) before the first vaccine dose of which 12 (3.35%) had positive anti S/N immunoglobulin (Ig). As of June 30th, 42 post-vaccination samples have been obtained (1.3 months [SD 0.42] after the 2nd vaccination dose). Positive IgG rates were 44.8% (n=13/29) for CD20s, 100% (8/8) for other DMTs and 100% (4/4) for no DMT. No anti-N Ig were detected. Media titres of anti-S IgG were lower in anti-CD20-treated patients (7.8 [IQR 50.1]) compared to untreated patients (800 [0], p<0.01) or other DMTs (755 [228], p<0.01). Conclusions: Initial results of the study suggest blunted anti-S/N Ig response under anti-CD20 therapy. Knowledge of the cellular response in these patients will be crucial. Data from the cellular study and the completed humoral study will be presented at the meeting.

6.
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation ; 36(SUPPL 1):i166, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1402452

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 infection manifests as pneumonia associated with multiple organ failure, and death. Acute kidney injury is a risk factor for mortality. There is limited scientific literature on COVID-19 infection and allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis, its clinical course and short- and long-term prognosis. METHOD: We performed a retrospective study where medical records of 60 patients with histological diagnosis of allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis from January 2009 to November 2020. In these patients, we studied the incidence of COVID-19 infection, clinical characteristics and prognosis from March to the actual date. RESULTS: Of 60 patients with allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis, 6 (10%) patients were diagnosed with COVID-19. The first case, an 85-year-old woman with a history of metastatic melanoma treated with nivolumab and allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis by immunobiological agents in 2018, diagnosed with mild COVID-19 infection in April 2020 without deterioration of renal function in controls at 3 and 6 months of follow-up. The second case, a 51-year-old woman with a history of large B-cell lymphoma with plasmacytic differentiation and progression to multiple myeloma of lambda light chains and allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis due to chemotherapy since 2019, admitted for acute pyelonephritis and PRES syndrome secondary to first dose of bortezomib complicated with COVID-19 nosocomial pneumonia and acute pancreatitis treated with corticosteroids and broad spectrum antibiotic therapy;she died of abdominal refractory septic shock. The third patient, a 64-year-old man without prior renal impairment, was admitted for severe COVID-19 pneumonia and acute kidney injury secondary to acute tubulointerstitial nephritis of uncertain etiology that required orotracheal intubation and continuous veno-venous hemodiafiltration for a week who received methylprednisolone in bolus for 3 days and continued treatment with corticosteroid therapy with complete recovery of renal function and improvement in proteinuria at 3 months of follow-up. The fourth patient, an 82-yearold woman with acute kidney injury AKIN 3 secondary to acute allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis related to ciprofloxacin complicated with severe COVID-19 nosocomial pneumonia, who died despite ventilatory support and high-dose steroids therapy and tocilizumab. The fifth patient, a 75-year-old with a history of metastatic lung adenocarcinoma treated with immunobiological agents and allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis in 2018, admitted in march 2020 for mild COVID-19 pneumonia treated with steroids and hydroxychloroquine without deterioration of respiratory and kidney function. The sixth patient, an 86-years-old man with acute kidney injury AKIN 3 due to acute allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis secondary to proton-binding inhibitors and nosocomial COVID-19 infección with improvement of kidney function with steroids therapy only. CONCLUSION: Our 6 patients with allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis and COVID-19 infection presented different spectrum of the disease. It seems that nosocomial COVID-19 infection in patients admitted with recent diagnosis of acute allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis presented a worse clinical prognosis compared with long-term diagnosed acute tubulointerstitial nephritis. Further studies with a larger sample size are needed.

7.
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation ; 36(SUPPL 1):i162, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1402449

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: COVID-19 infection is responsible for respiratory infection with variable clinical expression from its asymptomatic form to severe pneumonia associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome and death. Risk factors related to higher mortality are age over 65 years, cardiovascular, pulmonary and kidney disease, hypertension, and diabetes. There is limited scientific literature on COVID-19 infection and previous kidney disease, specifically in patients with glomerular and tubular kidney disease. The aim of this study was to determine general characteristics, analytical parameters and clinical evolution of patients with kidney disease who have undergone kidney biopsy and who presented infection or high suspicion of infection by COVID-19. Identify mortality and associated risk factors. METHOD: we studied patients with high clinical suspicion of infection or confirmed infection by COVID-19 from March 2020 to May 15, 2020 of all patients who underwent percutaneous renal biopsy at the Vall d'Hebron Hospital between January 2013 and December 2019. RESULTS: 39 of the 553 patients have been diagnosed with COVID-19 infection since March 2020. The average age was 63615 years and 48.7% were male. Hypertension was present in 79.5% of patients, chronic kidney disease without renal replacement therapy in 76.9%, and cardiovascular disease in 64.1%. Nasopharyngeal swab was performed in 26 patients;older patients (p=0.01), patients with hypertension (p=0.005), immunosuppression (p=0.01), use of RAS-blocking drugs (p=0.04) and gastrointestinal symptoms (p=0.02) were more likely to be tested for COVID-19. 22 patients required hospitalization and 15.4% died. In the bivariate analysis, mortality was associated with older age (p=0.03), cardiovascular disease (p=0.05), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (p=0.05) and low hemoglobin levels (p=0.006). Adjusted Cox regression showed that low hemoglobin levels (10.12±1.89g/dL) at admission had 1.81 greater risk of mortality [1.04-3.13;p=0.04]. CONCLUSION: Patients with COVID-19 infection and kidney disease confirmed by kidney biopsy presented mortality of 15.4%. Swab test for COVID-19 was more likely to be performed in older, hypertensive, use of RAS-blocking drugs, immunosuppressed patients and those with gastrointestinal symptoms. Low hemoglobin is a risk factor for mortality.

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