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1.
Lancet Digital Health ; JOUR(8):E573-E583, 4.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2092794

ABSTRACT

Background Real-time prediction is key to prevention and control of infections associated with health-care settings. Contacts enable spread of many infections, yet most risk prediction frameworks fail to account for their dynamics. We developed, tested, and internationally validated a real-time machine-learning framework, incorporating dynamic patient-contact networks to predict hospital-onset COVID-19 infections (HOCIs) at the individual level. Methods We report an international retrospective cohort study of our framework, which extracted patient-contact networks from routine hospital data and combined network-derived variables with clinical and contextual information to predict individual infection risk. We trained and tested the framework on HOCIs using the data from 51 157 hospital inpatients admitted to a UK National Health Service hospital group (Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust) between April 1, 2020, and April 1, 2021, intersecting the first two COVID-19 surges. We validated the framework using data from a Swiss hospital group (Department of Rehabilitation, Geneva University Hospitals) during a COVID-19 surge (from March 1 to May 31, 2020;40 057 inpatients) and from the same UK group after COVID-19 surges (from April 2 to Aug 13, 2021;43 375 inpatients). All inpatients with a bed allocation during the study periods were included in the computation of network-derived and contextual variables. In predicting patient-level HOCI risk, only inpatients spending 3 or more days in hospital during the study period were examined for HOCI acquisition risk. Findings The framework was highly predictive across test data with all variable types (area under the curve [AUC]-receiver operating characteristic curve [ROC] 0.89 [95% CI 0.88-0.90]) and similarly predictive using only contact-network variables (0.88 [0.86-0.90]). Prediction was reduced when using only hospital contextual (AUC-ROC 0.82 [95% CI 0.80-0.84]) or patient clinical (0.64 [0.62-0.66]) variables. A model with only three variables (ie, network closeness, direct contacts with infectious patients [network derived], and hospital COVID-19 prevalence [hospital contextual]) achieved AUC-ROC 0.85 (95% CI 0.82-0.88). Incorporating contact-network variables improved performance across both validation datasets (AUC-ROC in the Geneva dataset increased from 0.84 [95% CI 0.82-0.86] to 0.88 [0.86-0.90];AUC-ROC in the UK post-surge dataset increased from 0.49 [0.46-0.52] to 0.68 [0.64-0.70]). Interpretation Dynamic contact networks are robust predictors of individual patient risk of HOCIs. Their integration in clinical care could enhance individualised infection prevention and early diagnosis of COVID-19 and other nosocomial infections. Copyright (C) 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an Open Access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.

2.
An Interdisciplinary Approach in the Post-COVID-19 Pandemic Era ; CHAP: 207-221,
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2092145

ABSTRACT

Research has already underscored the importance of online teaching and learning and its many fold benefits for students. However, in the context of COVID-19 pandemic, many technological changes and challenges have occurred which have put educational institutions in a state of frenzy due to different issues related to online education and its effective implementation. This analytical review sheds lights on the technological changes and challenges to online education during covid-19 pandemic. The chapter further highlights how the new online education policy declarations by the governments in the new pandemic situation have triggered different reactions from student and teachers' communities and how the challenges could be overcome. It is becoming popular and challenging for educational institutions. Students and teachers have reported many problems and obstacles they faced during the during the COVID-19 pandemic, which need to be properly explored and addressed in order to successfully implement and ensure quality online education. © 2022 Nova Science Publishers, Inc..

3.
Annals of Phytomedicine-an International Journal ; 10:63-70, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2072561

ABSTRACT

The infection triggered by the SARS-CoV-2 virus resulted in the novel coronavirus infection (COVID-19), which was firstly identified in city of China, namely Wuhan. The main symptoms such as muscle fatigability, aches, and pain are associated with this condition. Thus, a high proportion of patients who recovered manifest a plethora of long-lasting symptoms. Although, many patients fully recover, health complications can delay a person's complete return to a regular lifestyle. Fatigue is experienced by a considerable percentage of individuals who have recovered from COVID-19 disease. Thus, the neurological symptoms of COVID-19 are frequent and debilitating enough to have piqued the interest of the scientific and general press for their brief and long effect on population health. The authors have searched articles from various search engines. The articles on coronavirus have been collected from PubMed and Scopus databases from Jan., 2019 to July, 2021. On the basis of their importance and uniqueness, articles were included in this review. The study aims on COVID-19 infection on survivors and complications to return to normal life and role of consulting sessions, physiotherapy and other medications after recovery. Some long-term researches are created to investigate the COVID-19's medical, psychological, and socio-economic complications. To resume normal life, COVID-19 survivors are required to take aid to consultations, physiotherapy, and dermatological care.

4.
Pharmacognosy Magazine ; 18(79):773-782, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2066903

ABSTRACT

Background: Tabebuia impetiginosa is an important medicinal plant rich in lapachol, alpha-lapachone, and beta-lapachone known to possess several biological activities. Objective(s): In this study, we investigated the drug potential of lapachol, alpha-lapachone, and beta-lapachone using molecular docking, molecular dynamic (MD), and drug-likeness properties. Material(s) and Method(s): The computational study was performed using SwissADME software for the determination of the pharmacokinetic properties of the tested compounds. AutoDock Vina and Genetic Optimization for Ligand Docking (GOLD) were used for the docking analysis, and MD simulations were run using Schrodinger's Desmond Simulation. Result(s): The three compounds lapachol, alpha-lapachone, and beta-lapachone binds to cysteine (Cys)-histidine (His) catalytic dyad (Cys145 and His41) along with the other residues with, respectively, the following docking score 48.69, 47.06, and 47.79. Against viral entry receptor, human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (hACE-2), alpha-lapachone exhibited the highest GOLD Fitness score complex (54.82) followed by lapachol (42.53) and beta-lapachone and hACE-2 (38.74) generating several active sites in the target proteins. A 100 ns MDs simulation study revealed the stable conformation of bioactive compounds within the cavity of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) of hACE-2 protein and main protease (Mpro). From the dynamic study, it was observed that lapachol was tightly bound with catalytic dyad residue Cys145 of Mpro with more than 40% time of simulation, also post-simulation MM-GBSA binding free energy (DELTAG Bind) revealed the highest energy score (-51.18 +/- 5.14 kcal/mol) among the evaluated complex. Moreover, the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME) properties demonstrated that the investigated compounds passed the pharmacokinetic and drug-likeness criteria without undesirable effects. Conclusion(s): The computational study highlighted that these compounds could be highly recommended and developed as part of an effective drug against the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Copyright © 2022 Pharmacognosy Magazine.

5.
Fractals ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2064290

ABSTRACT

A dynamical model of SARS-CoV-2 in fractional derivative using the cases of coronavirus of the fourth wave is presented. We construct basically the model in an integer case, and later it is extended to a fractional-order system by applying the Atangana-Baleanu operator definition. We give some background definitions and results for the fractional-order model. We present for the disease-free case that the model is locally asymptotically stable when R0 < 1. The global dynamics of the fractional model are given when R0 ≤ 1 for the disease-free case. The model is further extended to fractional stochastic piecewise equations in the Atangana-Baleanu case. The reported cases from the fourth wave in Pakistan starting from July 1 up to November 16, 2021 are considered for the estimation of the parameters. We fitted our model to the suggested data and obtained the numerical value of the basic reproduction number R0 ≈ 0.9775 for fractional order. We give the data fitting to both the fractional and piecewise stochastic differential equations, and show them both as having a good fitting to the data. We use further the numerical values of the model parameters and present its numerical results graphically using the effective numerical approaches. Some sensitive parameters that are reasonable for disease eliminations are used to obtain the graphical results. © 2022

6.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 2): 159166, 2022 Oct 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2049913

ABSTRACT

Monkeypox disease (MPXD), a viral disease caused by the monkeypox virus (MPXV), is an emerging zoonotic disease endemic in some countries of Central and Western Africa but seldom reported outside the affected region. Since May 2022, MPXD has been reported at least in 74 countries globally, prompting the World Health Organization to declare the MPXD outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. As of July 24, 2022; 92 % (68/74) of the countries with reported MPXD cases had no historical MPXD case reports. From the One Health perspective, the spread of MPXV in the environment poses a risk not only to humans but also to small mammals and may, ultimately, spread to potent novel host populations. Wastewater-based surveillance (WBS) has been extensively utilized to monitor communicable diseases, particularly during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. It helped in monitoring infectious disease caseloads as well as specific viral variants circulating in communities. The detection of MPXV DNA in lesion materials (e.g. skin, vesicle fluid, crusts), skin rashes, and various body fluids, including respiratory and nasal secretions, saliva, urine, feces, and semen of infected individuals, supports the possibility of using WBS as an early proxy for the detection of MPXV infections. WBS of MPXV DNA can be used to monitor MPXV activity/trends in sewerage network areas even before detecting laboratory-confirmed clinical cases within a community. However, several factors affect the detection of MPXV in wastewater including, but not limited to, routes and duration time of virus shedding by infected individuals, infection rates in the relevant affected population, environmental persistence, the processes and analytical sensitivity of the used methods. Further research is needed to identify the key factors that impact the detection of MPXV biomarkers in wastewater and improve the utility of WBS of MPXV as an early warning and monitoring tool for safeguarding human health. In this review, we shortly summarize aspects of the MPXV outbreak relevant to wastewater monitoring and discuss the challenges associated with WBS.

7.
Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences ; 16(7):485-487, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2033625

ABSTRACT

Background: Because of the recent outbreak of Covid-19, the globe is now facing a number of difficult challenges. The morbidity and mortality rate varies depending upon numerous factors. Objective: The objective of the study was to find out the mortality and morbidity rate of Covid-19 in a tertiary care hospital of Swat Methodology: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out at the Department of Pathology, Swat Teaching Hospital, Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkha Pakistan for duration of one year from April 2020 to March 2021. Nasopharyngeal or Oropharyngeal swabs were taken from all the enrolled patients and sent to the national institute of health Islamabad or swat public health laboratory for the diagnosis of Covid-19. The rate of morbidity and mortality for all the enrolled patients was recorded. All the data analysis was done by using IBM SPSS version 23. Results: In the current study, totally 11609 patients were enrolled. There were 7329 (63.13%) males and 4280 (36.87%) females. The overall morbidity rate of covid-19 was 18.25% (n= 2089) whereas the overall mortality rate was13.16% (n=275) patients. Conclusion: Our study concludes that the rate of morbidity and mortality of covid-19 is high in district Swat Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The burden of covid-19 was high in males as compared to females and the mortality rate increases with the increase in age. All the people residing in the district Swat should be vaccinated to decrease both the morbidity and mortality rate of covid-19.

8.
Anaesthesia ; 2022 Sep 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2019116

ABSTRACT

The perceived risk of transmission of aerosolised viral particles from patients to airway practitioners during the COVID-19 pandemic led to the widespread use of aerosol precautions, including personal protective equipment and modifications to anaesthetic technique. The risk of these aerosol precautions on peri-operative airway complications has not been assessed outside of simulation studies. This prospective, national, multicentre cohort study aimed to quantify this risk. Adult patients undergoing general anaesthesia for elective or emergency procedures over a 96-hour period were included. Data collected included use of aerosol precautions by the airway practitioner, airway complications and potential confounding variables. Mixed-effects logistic regression was used to assess the risk of individual aerosol precautions on overall and specific airway complications. Data from 5905 patients from 70 hospital sites were included. The rate of airway complications was 10.0% (95%CI 9.2-10.8%). Use of filtering facepiece class 2 or class 3 respirators was associated with an increased risk of airway complications (odds ratio 1.38, 95%CI 1.04-1.83), predominantly due to an association with difficult facemask ventilation (odds ratio 1.68, 95%CI 1.09-2.61) and desaturation on pulse oximetry (odds ratio 2.39, 95%CI 1.26-4.54). Use of goggles, powered air-purifying respirators, long-sleeved gowns, double gloves and videolaryngoscopy were not associated with any alteration in the risk of airway complications. Overall, the use of filtering facepiece class 2 or class 3 respirators was associated with an increased risk of airway complications, but most aerosol precautions used during the COVID-19 pandemic were not.

9.
JCPSP, Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan ; 31(Special Supplement 2):S117-S119, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1975756

ABSTRACT

Pneumonia is one of the major manifestations of infection by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) virus. CT scans are used as first line investigation in suspected cases. Biopsies are almost never done. The gross and microscopic pathology has been studied mostly on autopsy specimens in fatal cases. We present a case of a mildly symptomatic adult male, who was a chronic liver disease patient awaiting liver transplant. His lung biopsy was done for diagnosis of a lesion, suspected to be a fungal infection. He was tested for COVID-19 and was PCR-negative at the time. His biopsy showed patchy changes of viral pneumonia. One week later, he tested positive for COVID-19 on PCR. He became asymptomatic soon and the ground glass lung opacities cleared up within another week without any treatment in spite of having a serious comorbid condition.

10.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(15)2022 Jul 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1969395

ABSTRACT

Biomolecular detection methods have evolved from simple chemical processes to laboratory sensors capable of acquiring accurate measurements of various biological components. Recently, silicon nanowire field-effect transistors (SiNW-FETs) have been drawing enormous interest due to their potential in the biomolecular sensing field. SiNW-FETs exhibit capabilities such as providing real-time, label-free, highly selective, and sensitive detection. It is highly critical to diagnose infectious diseases accurately to reduce the illness and death spread rate. In this work, a novel SiNW-FET sensor is designed using a semiempirical approach, and the electronic transport properties are studied to detect the COVID-19 spike protein. Various electronic transport properties such as transmission spectrum, conductance, and electronic current are investigated by a semiempirical modeling that is combined with a nonequilibrium Green's function. Moreover, the developed sensor selectivity is tested by studying the electronic transport properties for other viruses including influenza, rotavirus, and HIV. The results indicate that SiNW-FET can be utilized for accurate COVID-19 identification with high sensitivity and selectivity.

11.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 103(8): 599-603, 2021 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1910438

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic has demanded radical changes in service delivery. Our centre adopted the use of outpatient telemedicine to reduce close-contact interactions between patients and staff. We hypothesised that incidental gains may be associated with this. We evaluated financial, practical and environmental implications of substituting virtual clinics (VCs) for in-person urology outpatient appointments. METHODS: VCs were studied over a 3-month period. Based on patient-reported 'usual mode of transport' to the hospital, travel distance, time, petrol and parking costs, and the carbon emissions avoided by virtue of remote consultations were calculated. The underlying symptom/diagnosis and the 'effectiveness' of the VC were evaluated. RESULTS: Of 1,016 scheduled consultations, 736 (72.44%) were conducted by VCs over the study period. VCs resulted in an agreed treatment plan in 98.4% of a representative patient sample. The use of VCs was associated with an overall travel distance saving for patients of 31,038 miles (49,951km) over 3 months, with an average round-trip journey of 93.8 miles (151km) avoided for each rural-dwelling patient and an average financial saving of £25.91 (€28.70) per rural-dwelling car traveller. An estimated 1,257.8 hours of patient time were saved by avoidance of travel and clinic waiting times. Based on car-travelling patients alone, a 6.07-tonne reduction in carbon emissions was achieved with the use of VCs. CONCLUSIONS: In appropriate clinical circumstances, VCs appear to provide efficiency across a number of domains. Future healthcare may involve offering outpatients the option of telemedicine as an alternative to physical attendance.


Subject(s)
Cost Savings , Remote Consultation , Travel , Vehicle Emissions , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19 , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , United Kingdom , Urology , Young Adult
12.
Ieee Access ; 10:56094-56132, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1886583

ABSTRACT

Remote health care is currently one of the most promising solutions to ensure a high level of treatment outcome, cost-efficiency and sustainability of the healthcare systems worldwide. Even though research on remote health care can be traced back to the early days of the Internet, the recent COVID-19 has necessitated further improvement in existing health care systems with invigorated research on remote health care technologies. In this article we delve into the state-of-the-art research in latest technologies and technological paradigms that play a vital role in enabling the next generation remote health care and assisted living. First the need of using the latest technological developments in the domain of remote health care is briefly discussed. Then the most important technologies and technological paradigms that are crucial in enabling remote health care and assisted living are emphasised. Henceforth, a detailed survey of existing technologies, potential challenges in those technologies, and possible solutions is conducted. Finally, missing research gaps and important future research directions in each enabling technology are brought forth to motivate further research in remote health care.

14.
BMC Nephrol ; 23(1): 132, 2022 04 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1846807

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In the light of recent years, an increase in the number of life-threatening infections due to various fungi has been observed, especially in tertiary care centres. With Amphotericin B labelled as the first choice in treating these infections, one of its common side effects, nephrotoxicity, along with hypokalemia, were studied to determine the epidemiology, risk factors, and protective measures. METHODOLOGY: The study was a retrospective observational chart review study in which patients were receiving conventional Amphotericin B in two tertiary hospitals in Palestine from January 2018 to December 2020 were evaluated for the development of hypokalemia and nephrotoxicity; according to the KDIGO criteria. A total of 117 patients were included in the study. Patients who have received the drug intermittently, in fewer than two doses, through non-IV routes and patients under the age of 12 were excluded. The data collected included, but were not limited to, age, gender, comorbidities, Amphotericin B treatment details, medications, COVID-19 status, risk factors, and hypothesized protective measures. RESULTS: The incidence of conventional Amphotericin B nephrotoxicity and hypokalemia was 46% and 33%, respectively. With a roughly equal representation of both genders and a median age of 52 years in a range of 13-89. No association between the variables and the development of nephrotoxicity was found. However, a 3.4 increased risk (p-value = 0.01) of developing hypokalemia in females compared to males was observed. CONCLUSION: Our research has shown a relatively lower yet consistent, incidence of conventional amphotericin B nephrotoxicity and hypokalemia compared to literature with gender being a risk factor for developing hypokalemia.


Subject(s)
Amphotericin B , COVID-19 , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Amphotericin B/adverse effects , Antifungal Agents/adverse effects , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers , Young Adult
15.
Advanced Structured Materials ; 162:263-272, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1767439

ABSTRACT

One of the factors that contributes to the increased number of Covid-19 cases in Malaysia is according to the authorities that Covid-19 patients, persons under investigation (PUI) and persons under surveillance (PUS) had deliberately left their home quarantine without valid reason and permission. There were irresponsible people who act selfishly by cutting their quarantine wrist tags provided by the Ministry of Health (MOH) and casually left their quarantine zone. The authorities are having a hard time to track down these irresponsible people especially among those who are ordered for self-quarantined at homes. These challenges had inspired for this work to propose a monitoring system to notify and remind respective individuals if they left the permissible area. The developed system could also update the authorities when these individuals continuously defy orders to return to their quarantine area. Through prototype testing, the proposed system offers an acceptable battery consumption since its tracking device consumed an average 150 mAh for a whole day operation. It is anticipated that this system could be an effective technology tool to ensure the quarantine session is undergone perfectly by these individuals and thus, combating the spread of deadly Covid-19 virus in the country. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

16.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep ; : 1-6, 2022 Mar 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1764087

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The huge explosion that occurred at Beirut Port led to a high number of casualties. Consequently, 7 field hospitals (FHs) were deployed in Lebanon. The purpose of this study is to explore the challenges that emergency medical teams (EMTs) faced and explain the gaps at the national level related to deploying a FH. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted. To collect the data, semi-structured interviews were done with 8 key informants (5 from the FHs, 2 from Lebanese Army Forces, and 1 from Ministry of Public Health). In this study, purposive sampling was used and data were analyzed using Braun and Clarke (2006) thematic analysis and MAXQDA software. RESULTS: Three major themes (logistical challenges, staff challenges, and coronavirus disease [COVID-19] pandemic) and 10 subthemes emerged for the challenges that EMTs faced. The gaps at the national level were categorized into 2 themes (absence of needs-based response and limited effective coordination between the host country and donor countries) and 5 sub-themes. CONCLUSION: Lebanon focuses on response rather than preparedness for disasters. EMTs that arrived didn't meet the medical needs. Hence, there is a need to strengthen the national capacities and to ensure better communication and coordination between the disaster-affected country and the EMTs.

17.
Fractals-Complex Geometry Patterns and Scaling in Nature and Society ; 30(01):9, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1759417

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we develop the theory of fractional order hybrid differential equations involving Riemann-Liouville differential operators of order l is an element of (0, 1). We study the existence theory to a class of boundary value problems for fractional order hybrid differential equations. The sum of three operators is used to prove the key results for a couple of hybrid fixed point theorems. We obtain sufficient conditions for the existence and uniqueness of positive solutions. Moreover, examples are also presented to show the significance of the results.

18.
European Urology ; 79:S1221-S1222, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1747415

ABSTRACT

Introduction & Objectives: Robot-assisted Radical Prostatectomy (RARP) is an effective cure for organ confined prostate cancer but is associated with considerable post-operative functional toxicity. The NeuroSAFE technique (intra-operative frozen section analysis of the neurovascular structure adjacent margin) may help improve functional outcomes by promoting optimal nerve-sparing (NS) RARP without compromising on oncological outcomes. NeuroSAFE technique has reported favourably in retrospective, single-centre studies but has never been evaluated prospectively by a randomised study. The NeuroSAFE PROOF Feasibility Study has succeeded in demonstrating feasibility and has been succeeded by the fully powered, definitive NeuroSAFE PROOF Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) (NCT03317990). Materials & Methods: Potent men (IIEF-5>21) with localised prostate cancer at 4 regional uro-oncology centres in the UK (UCLH, Bristol, Sheffield and Glasgow) are eligible. Participants are randomised 1:1 to RARP with NS decision guided by standard of care (clinical information, DRE and pre-operative mpMRI surgical plan) vs. RARP with NS decision guided by standard of care information and the NeuroSAFE technique. The primary outcome is erectile function (EF) recovery assessed by IIEF-5 score at 12-months. Important secondary outcomes include detailed peri-operative outcomes, histological outcomes, post-operative complications, biochemical recurrence rates, urinary continence (assessed by ICIQ), health related quality of life (assessed by Rand-36 and EQ-5D-5L), and health economics. In order to demonstrate a difference of 15% in EF recovery rates between the arms, a total of 404 men will be randomised and treated. Patient follow-up will continue for 5 years after RARP. Results: At the time of writing, 160 men have been recruited and treated with RARP as per random allocation at 4 participating sites. The independent DMC has met twice to ensure the oncological safety of the trial and will continue to review the data at intervals. Covid-19 has led to significant challenges, including suspension of recruitment and difficulties performing follow-up. The trial team have developed new methods of recruitment, consent and follow-up to ensure conduct of the study remains in line with the highest standards of trial conduct, including electronic remote consent processes and remote collection of PROMs. Conclusions: The NeuroSAFE technique has been reported as a method to optimise outcomes for men undergoing RARP for over a decade, but, in the absence of Level 1 evidence, equipoise remains. Despite the Covid-19 pandemic recruitment continues to be favourable. We hope that our

19.
Rawal Medical Journal ; 47(1):3-7, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1728260

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore individuals‟ knowledge and perception of the COVID-19 virus pandemic, views on imposed governmental restrictions and engagement rates in mandatory behavioural restrictions in a cohort of Pakistan under or post-graduate students. Methodology: A web-based cross-sectional survey was conducted and 358 participants completed the online questionnaire. Results: Participants had a high awareness of several potential symptoms of COVID-19 with shortness of breath (99%), a dry cough (96%), and fever (94%). A significant minority of participants stated that despite governmental restrictions, they planned to continue to engage with family members (not resident with them if asymptomatic (21.5%). Conclusion: Clear dissemination of information from appropriate governmental sources is advised to support on-going engagement in effective preventative strategies for the COVID-19 pandemic in Pakistan. © 2022, Pakistan Medical Association. All rights reserved.

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