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Rezaei Aliabadi, H.; Sepanlou, S. G.; Aliabadi, H. R.; Abbasi-Kangevari, M.; Abbasi-Kangevari, Z.; Abidi, H.; Abolhassani, H.; Abu-Gharbieh, E.; Abu-Rmeileh, N. M. E.; Ahmadi, A.; Ahmed, J. Q.; Rashid, T. A.; Naji Alhalaiqa, F. A.; Alshehri, M. M.; Alvand, S.; Amini, S.; Arulappan, J.; Athari, S. S.; Azadnajafabad, S.; Jafari, A. A.; Baghcheghi, N.; Bagherieh, S.; Bedi, N.; Bijani, A.; Campos, L. A.; Cheraghi, M.; Dangel, W. J.; Darwesh, A. M.; Elbarazi, I.; Elhadi, M.; Foroutan, M.; Galehdar, N.; Ghamari, S. H.; Nour, M. G.; Ghashghaee, A.; Halwani, R.; Hamidi, S.; Haque, S.; Hasaballah, A. I.; Hassankhani, H.; Hosseinzadeh, M.; Kabir, A.; Kalankesh, L. R.; Keikavoosi-Arani, L.; Keskin, C.; Keykhaei, M.; Khader, Y. S.; Kisa, A.; Kisa, S.; Koohestani, H. R.; Lasrado, S.; Sang-Woong, L.; Madadizadeh, F.; Mahmoodpoor, A.; Mahmoudi, R.; Rad, E. M.; Malekpour, M. R.; Malih, N.; Malik, A. A.; Masoumi, S. Z.; Nasab, E. M.; Menezes, R. G.; Mirmoeeni, S.; Mohammadi, E.; javad Mohammadi, M.; Mohammadi, M.; Mohammadian-Hafshejani, A.; Mokdad, A. H.; Moradzadeh, R.; Murray, C. J. L.; Nabhan, A. F.; Natto, Z. S.; Nazari, J.; Okati-Aliabad, H.; Omar Bali, A.; Omer, E.; Rahim, F.; Rahimi-Movaghar, V.; Masoud Rahmani, A.; Rahmani, S.; Rahmanian, V.; Rao, C. R.; Mohammad-Mahdi, R.; Rawassizadeh, R.; Sadegh Razeghinia, M.; Rezaei, N.; Rezaei, Z.; Sabour, S.; Saddik, B.; Sahebazzamani, M.; Sahebkar, A.; Saki, M.; Sathian, B.; SeyedAlinaghi, S.; Shah, J.; Shobeiri, P.; Soltani-Zangbar, M. S.; Vo, B.; Yaghoubi, S.; Yigit, A.; Yigit, V.; Yusefi, H.; Zamanian, M.; Zare, I.; Zoladl, M.; Malekzadeh, R.; Naghavi, M..
Archives of Iranian Medicine ; 25(10):666-675, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20241919

ABSTRACT

Background: Since 1990, the maternal mortality significantly decreased at global scale as well as the North Africa and Middle East. However, estimates for mortality and morbidity by cause and age at national scale in this region are not available. Method(s): This study is part of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors study (GBD) 2019. Here we report maternal mortality and morbidity by age and cause across 21 countries in the region from 1990 to 2019. Result(s): Between 1990 and 2019, maternal mortality ratio (MMR) dropped from 148.8 (129.6-171.2) to 94.3 (73.4-121.1) per 100 000 live births in North Africa and Middle East. In 1990, MMR ranged from 6.0 (5.3-6.8) in Kuwait to 502.9 (375.2-655.3) per 100 000 live births in Afghanistan. Respective figures for 2019 were 5.1 (4.0-6.4) in Kuwait to 269.9 (195.8-368.6) in Afghanistan. Percentages of deaths under 25 years was 26.0% in 1990 and 23.8% in 2019. Maternal hemorrhage, indirect maternal deaths, and other maternal disorders rank 1st to 3rd in the entire region. Ultimately, there was an evident decrease in MMR along with increase in socio-demographic index from 1990 to 2019 in all countries in the region and an evident convergence across nations. Conclusion(s): MMR has significantly declined in the region since 1990 and only five countries (Afghanistan, Sudan, Yemen, Morocco, and Algeria) out of 21 nations didn't achieve the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target of 70 deaths per 100 000 live births in 2019. Despite the convergence in trends, there are still disparities across countries.Copyright © 2022 Academy of Medical Sciences of I.R. Iran. All rights reserved.

2.
Current Drug Therapy ; 18(3):350-356, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20235990

ABSTRACT

Background: The outbreak of acute respiratory syndrome with novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, caused a worldwide outbreak of the disease. To treat the disease, some drugs were identified and introduced that did not show a significant effect on the recovery of the disease. Due to the need to manage inpatient beds, this study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of Remdesivir in the treatment of outpatients with moderate to severe COVID-19. Method(s): The present study was a retrospective cohort with a convenience sampling method. It was conducted by referring to the records of COVID-19 patients who were referred to the respiratory clinic of Shahid Beheshti Hospital as outpatients in the period from April to August 2021. Result(s): This study was conducted on 263 COVID-19 patients with a mean age of 51.16+/-14.39 years from 19 and 90 years old. Data were collected through a researcher-made checklist and analyzed using SPSS 20. Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, paired t-test, and Mc Nemar's test were used to evaluate the data. The significance level was considered at the level of 0.05. Conclusion(s): Findings revealed that no clear correlation was found between hospitalization and death rate compared to other patients. In our study, the risk factors for severe COVID-19 did not affect the rate of hospitalization or death of patients.Copyright © 2023 Bentham Science Publishers.

3.
Energy Conversion and Management ; 281, 2023.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2311679

ABSTRACT

Long-term effective and accurate wind power potential prediction, especially for wind farms, facilitates planning for the sustainable development of renewable energy. Accurate wind speed forecasting enhances wind power generation planning and reduces costs. Wind speed time series has nonlinearity, intermittence, and fluctuation, which makes the prediction difficult. Deep learning techniques can be beneficial when there is no specific structure to data. These techniques can predict wind speed with reasonable accuracy and reliability. In this study, four different algorithms, including Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM), Gated Recurrent Unit (GRU), Convolu-tional Neural Network (CNN), and CNN-LSTM, for three different long-term horizons (6 months, 1 year, and 5 years) are successfully developed using the direct method. GRU method showed a higher degree of accuracy compared to other methods. In addition, it is confirmed that using a multivariate data set increases the model's accuracy compared to the univariate model. A computational cost analysis is also conducted to compare the proposed algorithms. Finally, the power production capacity of the wind farm at a given location, Zabol city, is calculated for the next five years, which is indispensable for planning, management, and economic analysis. The reasonable conformance between the real data and predicted ones is shown to confirm the capability of the proposed model to use in long-term wind speed forecasting.

4.
Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; 24(2):92-100, 2022.
Article in Persian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2304500

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The utilization of health services is an opportunity for using health services by the needy. Since COVID-19 can have significant effects on all life dimensions, including the utilization patterns, especially in patients with non-communicable diseases (NCDs), this study aimed to determine and compare the extent of utilizing health services by individuals with and without NCDs in the Shahrekord cohort study before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on 760 patients of the age group of 35-70 years in the Shahrekord cohort study, which addressed the urban areas of Shahrekord and the rural regions of Ardel city during two separate periods. For all patients, the questionnaire on benefiting from health services was completed. The data was collected using the telephone interview method and then analyzed using SPSS software. Results: The mean and standard deviation of the age was 44.95±8.65 years in the patients without NCDs and 53.38±8.60 years in those with NCDs(p<0.001). The rates of medical service reception in those without common NCDs before and during the corona epidemic were 3.2% and 15.3%, respectively. In those with common NCDs, the rates were 7.1% and 27.1%, respectively (p<0.001). During the coronavirus epidemic, the average duration of receiving service, duration of service, paid fee, and the frequency of receiving service were longer in the participants with chronic NCDs (P<0.001).Conclusion: The reception of medical services and outpatient services in the two groups of patients with and without NCDs during the coronavirus pandemic increased compared to the pre-pandemic period. This point should be considered as a lesson learned from the epidemic by the health system policymakers and planners to lay the grounds for providing care services, especially for chronic patients during epidemics. © 2022, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences. All rights reserved.

5.
Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; 24(2):92-100, 2022.
Article in Persian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2283316

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The utilization of health services is an opportunity for using health services by the needy. Since COVID-19 can have significant effects on all life dimensions, including the utilization patterns, especially in patients with non-communicable diseases (NCDs), this study aimed to determine and compare the extent of utilizing health services by individuals with and without NCDs in the Shahrekord cohort study before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Material(s) and Method(s): The present cross-sectional study was conducted on 760 patients of the age group of 35-70 years in the Shahrekord cohort study, which addressed the urban areas of Shahrekord and the rural regions of Ardel city during two separate periods. For all patients, the questionnaire on benefiting from health services was completed. The data was collected using the telephone interview method and then analyzed using SPSS software. Result(s): The mean and standard deviation of the age was 44.95+/-8.65 years in the patients without NCDs and 53.38+/-8.60 years in those with NCDs(p<0.001). The rates of medical service reception in those without common NCDs before and during the corona epidemic were 3.2% and 15.3%, respectively. In those with common NCDs, the rates were 7.1% and 27.1%, respectively (p<0.001). During the coronavirus epidemic, the average duration of receiving service, duration of service, paid fee, and the frequency of receiving service were longer in the participants with chronic NCDs (P<0.001). Conclusion(s): The reception of medical services and outpatient services in the two groups of patients with and without NCDs during the coronavirus pandemic increased compared to the pre-pandemic period. This point should be considered as a lesson learned from the epidemic by the health system policymakers and planners to lay the grounds for providing care services, especially for chronic patients during epidemics.Copyright © 2022, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences. All rights reserved.

6.
Payesh ; 22(1):73-82, 2023.
Article in Persian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2282175

ABSTRACT

Objective(s): Organizing the rapid response team is one of the strategic mechanisms that have been used to control the COVID-19 epidemic. This study aimed to compare the COVID-19 epidemic control before and after the implementation of rapid response program in southeast Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Sistan and Baluchestan province in summer of 2021. The rapid response team has been settled in the region for 3 weeks since 3 July, and rapid response program including mass vaccination with a community-based approach has been implemented in catchment populations of three universities of medical sciences including Zaheadn, Iranshahr and Zabon. Data were collected from June 5, until September 23, 2021 and analyzed using descriptive statistics in Excel software. Results: During the study period, a total of 2,514,911 people were admitted and 2,125,389 people (84.5%) were discharged. 58,441 (2.3%) of the cases were hospitalized. The total number of tests taken during the study period was 310,741 (111,978 tests per million population). This rate decreased about 15% after the implementation (36% versus 21.7%). The total number of positive death cases was estimated at 0.9 per 1000 population. After the implementation, the mean number of hospitalized cases (59 patients per day), the mean difference of positive laboratory cases (400 cases per day), and the mean difference in the number of deaths (confirmed cases) decreased to eight cases per day. Conclusion: The findings showed that the implementation of rapid response program with community-based approach in was successful in controlling the COVID-19 epidemic. © 2023, Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research. All rights reserved.

7.
Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; 24(2), 2023.
Article in Persian | GIM | ID: covidwho-2248300

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The utilization of health services is an opportunity for using health services by the needy. Since COVID-19 can have significant effects on all life dimensions, including the utilization patterns, especially in patients with non-communicable diseases (NCDs), this study aimed to determine and compare the extent of utilizing health services by individuals with and without NCDs in the Shahrekord cohort study before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on 760 patients of the age group of 35-70 years in the Shahrekord cohort study, which addressed the urban areas of Shahrekord and the rural regions of Ardel city during two separate periods. For all patients, the questionnaire on benefiting from health services was completed. The data was collected using the telephone interview method and then analyzed using SPSS software. Results: The mean and standard deviation of the age was 44.95..8.65 years in the patients without NCDs and 53.38..8.60 years in those with NCDs (p <0.001). The rates of medical service reception in those without common NCDs before and during the corona epidemic were 3.2% and 15.3%, respectively. In those with common NCDs, the rates were 7.1% and 27.1%, respectively (p <0.001). During the coronavirus epidemic, the average duration of receiving service, duration of service, paid fee, and the frequency of receiving service were longer in the participants with chronic NCDs (P <0.001). Conclusion: The reception of medical services and outpatient services in the two groups of patients with and without NCDs during the coronavirus pandemic increased compared to the pre-pandemic period. This point should be considered as a lesson learned from the epidemic by the health system policymakers and planners to lay the grounds for providing care services, especially for chronic patients during epidemics.

8.
Learning Health Systems ; 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2248299

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The health systems needed to improve their learning capacities during the COVID-19 pandemic. Iran is one of the countries massively struck by the pandemic. This study aimed to explore whether and how the policy interventions made by Iran's policymakers at the national level to control COVID-19, could improve the rapid learning characteristics of the health system. Methods: A guide to clarify rapid learning health system (RLHS) characteristics was developed. The guide was used by two independent authors to select the policy interventions that could improve RLHS characteristics, then, to analyze the content of the selected policy interventions. In each stage, results were compared and discussed by all three authors. Final results were presented based on different RLHS characteristics and the potential mechanisms of contribution. Results: Five hundred policy interventions were developed during the first 7 months of the outbreak. Thirty-one policy interventions could potentially improve RLHS characteristics (6.2%). Two characteristics, such as the timely production of research evidence and the appropriate decision support were addressed by selected policy interventions. Policies, that could improve learning capacities, focused on decision-maker groups more than user groups or researcher groups. Conclusions: Most of the developed policy interventions during the first months of the epidemic did not address the learning capacities of the health system. To improve health system functions, improving RLHS characteristics of the health system, especially in patient-centered and data linkage characteristics, is recommended. © 2023 The Authors. Learning Health Systems published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of University of Michigan.

9.
IEEE Transactions on Computational Social Systems ; : 2014/01/01 00:00:00.000, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2233930

ABSTRACT

Many social media users express concerns about vaccines and their side effects on Twitter. These concerns lead to a compromise of confidence which brings about vaccine hesitancy. In Africa, vaccine hesitancy is a major challenge faced by health policymakers in the fight against COVID-19. Given that most tweets are geotagged, clustering them according to their sentiments could help identify locations that may likely experience vaccine hesitancy for health policy and planning. In this study, we collected 70 000 geotagged vaccine-related tweets in nine African countries, from December 2020 to February 2022. The tweets were classified into three sentiment classes—positive, negative, and neutral. The quality of the classification outputs was achieved using Naíve Bayes (NB), logistic regression (LR), support vector machines (SVMs), decision tree (DT), and K-nearest neighbor (KNN) machine learning classifiers. The LR achieved the highest accuracy of 71% with an average area under the curve of 85%. The point-based location technique was used to calculate the hotspots based on the locations of the classified tweets. Locations with green, red, and gray backgrounds on the map signify a hotspot for positive, negative, and neutral sentiments. The outcome of this research shows that discussions on social media can be analyzed to identify hotspots during a disease outbreak, which could inform health policy in planning and management of vaccine hesitancy in Africa. Author

10.
Archives of Iranian Medicine ; 25(10):676-681, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2218117

ABSTRACT

Background: Iran was one of the first countries to become an epicenter of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic. However, there is a dearth of data on the outcomes of COVID-19 and predictors of death in intensive care units (ICUs) in Iran. We collected extensive data from patients admitted to the ICUs of the one of the tertiary referral hospitals in Tehran, Iran, to investigate the predictors of ICU mortality.Methods: The study population included 290 COVID-19 patients who were consecutively admitted to the ICUs of the Sina hospital from May 5, 2021, to December 6, 2021, a period that included the peak of the epidemic of the delta (delta) variant. Demographic data, history of prior chronic diseases, laboratory data (including markers of inflammation), radiologic data, and medication data were collected. Results: Of the 290 patients admitted to the ICUs, 187 (64.5%) died and 103 (35.5%) survived. One hundred forty-one (141, 48.6%) were men, and the median age (10th percentile, 90th percentile) was 60 (41, 80). Using logistic regression models, older age, history of hypertension, high levels of inflammatory markers, low oxygen saturation, substantial lung involvement in computed tomography (CT) scans, and gravity of the disease as indicated by the WHO 8-point ordinal scale were primary predictors of mortality at ICU. The use of remdesivir and imatinib was associated with a statistically non-significant reduction in mortality. The use of tocilizumab had almost no effect on mortality.Conclusion: The findings are consistent with and add to the currently existing international literature. The findings may be used to predict risk of mortality from COVID-19 and provide some guidance on potential treatments

11.
Iranian Journal of Public Health ; 51(9):1950-1963, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2010785

ABSTRACT

Medical tourism is a new form of tourism grown significantly in recent years across the world and in Iran. The flow of medical tourism today is from developed countries to developing countries. Yet, demand volatility due to systematic risks can hurt industry players. The occurrence of systematic risks in the tourism industry, especially medical tourism, is common. The latest case of systemic risk is the COVID19 pandemic. The present study aimed to detect and study the factors that can help companies to be more resilient in the occurrence of systematic risks in the medical tourism industry. The Delphi method was used to summarize and analyze the industry managers’ perception of the above factors. The results of analyzing the perceptions of managers of companies operating in the medical tourism industry show that debt advantage, liquidity and profitability, and operational efficiency are the determinants that play the most important role in the resilience of companies against systematic risks. The role of advertising is also relatively agreed upon by the managers. © 2022 Amirian et al.

12.
Acta Medica Iranica ; 60(7):407-412, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1998099

ABSTRACT

Remdesivir, an antiviral medication, became an early promising therapeutic candidate for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) due to its ability to inhibit the virus in vitro. Current evidence about remdesivir treatment has been very controversial, so we aim to evaluate remdesivir to improve our knowledge about COVID-19 management and its long-term effects. In this retrospective cohort study using registered data derived from the Sina Hospital COVID-19 Registry with a 9-month follow-up, we enrolled patients receiving remdesivir and then matched a "control group" which did not receive remdesivir based on age, gender, and severity using propensity score matching. We used multivariant Cox regression to evaluate the remdesivir effect on patients' 9-month and in-hospital survival. We enrolled 227 patients, 116 in remdesivir and 111 in the control group. 213(93.8%) patients developed the severe disease, 88(38.8%) died during the 9-month follow-up, and 84(37.0%) died during hospitalization. In multivariate analysis, remdesivir did not affect the 9-month all-cause mortality and in-hospital mortality. Remdesivir was associated with increased in-hospital survival only in severe patients with diabetes (HR: 0.32;95% CI: 0.14-0.75;P:0.008), and there was a trend for better 9-month survival in severe patients with diabetes (HR: 0.47;95% CI: 0.20-1.09;P:0.080). We concluded that remdesivir treatment did not increase the 9-month survival rate either in patients with COVID-19 or patients with severe disease and underlying diseases. On the other hand, we found that remdesivir treatment could increase inhospital survival only in patients with severe COVID-19 and a history of diabetes mellitus.

13.
Frontiers in Emergency Medicine ; 6(2):6, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1988716

ABSTRACT

Objective: The present study was conducted to compare mechanically ventilated patients with and without COVID-19 in terms of hemodynamic instability using cardiovascular indicators. Methods: This prospective cohort study assigned intubated and mechanically ventilated patients to two groups, i.e. with COVID-19 and without COVID-19. The hemodynamic parameters measured and compared between the two groups on the first day of ICU admission and the following four consecutive days using an ultrasonic cardiac output monitor (USCOM) included cardiac output (CO), systemic vascular resistance (SVR), stroke volume (SV), flow time corrected (FTc), minute distance (MD) and potential kinetic energy (PKE). Results: Forty-three patients (males: 62.7%) were assigned to the COVID-19 group and 40 (males: 64.1%) to the one without COVID-19. Insignificant differences were observed between the two groups at baseline in terms of the mean homodynamic variables measured using the USCOM (P>0.05). The mean CO increased (P=0.020), the mean SVR insignificantly changed (P=0.267), the mean MD increased (P=0.005) and PKE decreased (P=0.066) in the COVID-19 group during the five days of evaluation. In the same period, the mean CO insignificantly changed (P=0.937), the mean SVR increased (P=0.028) and changes in MD (P=0.808) and PKE (P=0.539) were insignificant in the group without COVID-19. The two groups were not significantly different in terms of the other homodynamic parameters during the follow-up (P>0.05). Conclusion: The five-day changes in the USCOM-measured homodynamic parameters were lower in the group without COVID-19 compared to in that with COVID-19. In the group without COVID-19, no statistically-significant differences were observed between the mean follow-up values of the variables, excluding SVR, and their baseline values.

14.
Iranian Heart Journal ; 23(3):139-143, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1925094

ABSTRACT

We herein describe 2 neonates with cyanotic-type congenital heart disease and COVID-19. The first case was a boy at 37 weeks of gestational age (GA) who had cyanosis (SpO2 <90%) on the second day of the birth. He was transferred to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) for COVID-19 patients for infection treatment following a positive COVID-19 PCR test. Finally, he had a cardiopulmonary arrest, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation failed. The second case was a boy at 38 weeks of GA. His fetal echocardiography showed a hypoplastic right ventricle with decreased contractility, an atretic tricuspid valve, a hypoplastic pulmonary valve, and a small echogenic focus in the left ventricle. He was then diagnosed with COVID-19 and treated with Kaletra. Follow-up echocardiography showed a functioning shunt, a relieved pericardial effusion, and a normal ejection fraction. He was discharged a week later in good general condition.

15.
International Journal of Pediatrics-Mashhad ; 10(6):16195-16204, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1918254

ABSTRACT

Background: This study aims to compare the COVID-related anxiety and depression between Midwives and nurses working in pediatric wars and the other clinical settings during the COVID-19 outbreak. Methods: Random sampling method was implemented for sample selection. Modified Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was used to measure anxiety and depression related to COVID-19;and the data was analyzed through linear regression. Results: In this study, 88.6% of the participants were female and the mean age of nurses was 30.41 +/- 6.59 years. 36.4% of the nurses were midwives, 35% were pediatric nurses and the rest were other nurses. The mean and standard deviation of anxiety and depression scores were 12.76 +/- 7.75 and 1.78 +/- 2.27, respectively. 92.9% of the participants were anxious and 11.4% were depressed. The variables of marital status and sports activity had a significant effect on nurses' depression scores. Conclusion: Anxiety and depression scores were not significantly different among the treatment staff. The prevalence of COVID-19 anxiety was high among hospital staff in Iran and the prevalence of depression was moderate, which can have detrimental effects on the quality of care provided by nurses and midwives to the patient.

16.
Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences ; 15(4):6, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1687353

ABSTRACT

Background: Nurses, as frontline health workers, are exposed to the risks of adverse mental health outcomes due to their direct contact with COVID-19 patients. Objectives: The present study aimed to investigate the mental health of frontline nurses in Behbahan, southwestern Iran. Methods: In this web-based cross-sectional study, data from 173 frontline nurses were collected in 3 COVID-19 referral hospitals in Behbahan, southwestern Iran. This study included demographic information and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the variables affecting mental health. Results: The present study included 173 frontline nurses (nurses and nurse assistants), 71.7% of whom were female and 28.3% of whom were male. Further, 76.3% of frontline nurses were suspected of poor mental health, and 23.7% were mentally healthy. The results of the multivariable logistic regression model showed that female participants had poorer mental health than men (odds ratio [OR], 2.51;95% CI, 1.16 - 5.41;P = 0.01). The mental health of nurses with a history of COVID-19 infection was poorer than that of nurses without a history of COVID-19 infection (OR, 3.3;95% CI, 1.42 - 7.53;P = 0.006). Conclusions: The findings of our study showed that female nurses with a history of COVID-19 were more at risk for poor mental health. These groups need more attention and support in epidemics.

17.
Contributions to Management Science ; : 137-147, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1669692

ABSTRACT

Artists who bring creative products to the market in the innovation economy, such as handcrafters and others, mostly do not make it to a more prospering entrepreneurial venture and bring economic rent from their talent. In order to shed light on this issue, the role of an entrepreneurial mindset and the use of business tools such as social media by creative workers in the cultural innovation economy cannot be neglected. In this chapter, we bring an overview on how entrepreneurial mindset in such players plays a crucial role inside the innovation economy, how arts entrepreneurship can bring profound results, and how, as the aftermath of COVID-19 prevailed, gaining entrepreneurial skills and use of business tools have surged, more specifically, the use of social media for promoting products and branding the artists themselves. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

18.
Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal ; 23(9), 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1524920

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a global health challenge with high transmission and mortality rates. Objectives: This study aimed to identify the risk factors for mortality in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 in Behbahan, Southwestern of Iran.

19.
Kesmas-National Public Health Journal ; 16(1):55-58, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1524760

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has proved to be a severe global public health threat, causing high infection rates and mortality worldwide. Burundi was not spared the adverse health outcomes of COVID-19. Although Burundi's initial response to the COVID-19 pandemic was criticized, hope arose in June 2020 when the new government instituted a plan to slow virus transmission that included public health campaigns, international travel restrictions, and mass testing, all of which proved effective. Burundi has faced many challenges in containing the virus, the first of which was the lack of initial preparedness and appropriate response to COVID-19. This was exacerbated by factors including shortages of personal protective equipment (PPE), limited numbers of life-saving ventilators (around 12 ventilators as of April 2020), and the presence of only one COVID-19 testing center with less than ten technicians in July 2020. Moreover, as Burundi is amongst the poorest countries in the world, some citizens were unable to access necessities such as water and soap, required for compliance with government recommendations regarding hygiene. Interestingly, Burundi did not implement a nationwide lockdown, allowing mass gatherings and public services to continue as usual due to a firm belief in God's protection. As the daily confirmed cases have tripled since December 2020, Burundi must prepare itself for the threat of a new wave. Establishing precautionary measures to contain the virus and strengthening the health surveillance system in Burundi would significantly positively impact the prevention and management of COVID-19.

20.
Journal of Global Health ; 11:4, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1411196
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