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Hall, Andrew J.; Clement, Nicholas D.; Ojeda-Thies, Cristina, MacLullich, Alasdair M. J.; Toro, Giuseppe, Johansen, Antony, White, Tim O.; Duckworth, Andrew D.; Abdul-Jabar, Hani, Abu-Rajab, Rashid, Abugarja, Ahmed, Adam, Karen, Aguado Hernández, Héctor J.; Améstica Lazcano, Gedeón, Anderson, Sarah, Ansar, Mahmood, Antrobus, Jonathan, Aragón Achig, Esteban Javier, Archunan, Maheswaran, Arrieta Salinas, Mirentxu, Ashford-Wilson, Sarah, Assens Gibert, Cristina, Athanasopoulou, Katerina, Awadelkarim, Mohamed, Baird, Stuart, Bajada, Stefan, Balakrishnan, Shobana, Balasubramanian, Sathishkumar, Ballantyne, James A.; Bárcena Goitiandia, Leopoldo, Barkham, Benjamin, Barmpagianni, Christina, Barres-Carsi, Mariano, Barrett, Sarah, Baskaran, Dinnish, Bell, Jean, Bell, Katrina, Bell, Stuart, Bellelli, Giuseppe, Benchimol, Javier Alberto, Boietti, Bruno Rafael, Boswell, Sally, Braile, Adriano, Brennan, Caitlin, Brent, Louise, Brooke, Ben, Bruno, Gaetano, Burahee, Abdus, Burns, Shirley, Calabrò, Giampiero, Campbell, Lucy, Carabelli, Guido Sebastian, Carnegie, Carol, Carretero Cristobal, Guillermo, Caruana, Ethan, Cassinello Ogea, M. Concepción, Castellanos Robles, Juan, Castillon, Pablo, Chakrabarti, Anil, Cecere, Antonio Benedetto, Chen, Ping, Clarke, Jon V.; Collins, Grace, Corrales Cardenal, Jorge E.; Corsi, Maurizio, Cózar Adelantado, Gara María, Craxford, Simon, Crooks, Melissa, Cuarental-García, Javier, Cuthbert, Rory, Dall, Graham, Daskalakis, Ioannis, De Cicco, Annalisa, Diana, de la Fuente de Dios, Demaria, Pablo, Dereix, John, Díaz Jiménez, Julian, Dinamarca Montecinos, José Luis, Do Le, Ha Phuong, Donoso Coppa, Juan Pablo, Drosos, Georgios, Duffy, Andrew, East, Jamie, Eastwood, Deborah, Elbahari, Hassan, Elias de Molins Peña, Carmen, Elmamoun, Mamoun, Emmerson, Ben, Escobar Sánchez, Daniel, Faimali, Martina, Farré-Mercadé, Maria Victòria, Farrow, Luke, Fayez, Almari, Fell, Adam, Fenner, Christopher, Ferguson, David, Finlayson, Louise, Flores Gómez, Aldo, Freeman, Nicholas, French, Jonathan, Gabardo Calvo, Santiago, Gagliardo, Nicola, Garcia Albiñana, Joan, García Cruz, Guillermo, García de Cortázar Antolín, Unai, García Virto, Virginia, Gealy, Sophie, Gil Caballero, Sandra Marcela, Gill, Moneet, González González, María Soledad, Gopireddy, Rajesh, Guntley, Diane, Gurung, Binay, Guzmán Rosales, Guadalupe, Haddad, Nedaa, Hafeez, Mahum, Haller, Petra, Halligan, Emer, Hardie, John, Hawker, Imogen, Helal, Amr, Herrera Cruz, Mariana, Herreros Ruiz-Valdepeñas, Ruben, Horton, James, Howells, Sean, Howieson, Alan, Hughes, Luke, Hünicken Torrez, Flavia Lorena, Hurtado Ortega, Ana, Huxley, Peter, Hamid, Hytham K. S.; Ilahi, Nida, Iliadis, Alexis, Inman, Dominic, Jadhao, Piyush, Jandoo, Rajan, Jawad, Lucy, Jayatilaka, Malwattage Lara Tania, Jenkins, Paul J.; Jeyapalan, Rathan, Johnson, David, Johnston, Andrew, Joseph, Sarah, Kapoor, Siddhant, Karagiannidis, Georgios, Karanam, Krishna Saga, Kattakayam, Freddy, Konarski, Alastair, Kontakis, Georgios, Labrador Hernández, Gregorio, Lancaster, Victoria, Landi, Giovanni, Le, Brian, Liew, Ignatius, Logishetty, Kartik, Lopez Marquez, Andrew Carlomaria Daniel, Lopez, Judit, Lum, Joann, Macpherson, Gavin J.; Madan, Suvira, Mahroof, Sabreena, Malik-Tabassum, Khalid, Mallina, Ravi, Maqsood, Afnan, Marson, Ben, Martin Legorburo, M. José, Martin-Perez, Encarna, Martínez Jiménez, Tania, Martinez Martin, Javier, Mayne, Alistair, Mayor, Amy, McAlinden, Gavan, McLean, Lucille, McDonald, Lorna, McIntyre, Joshua, McKay, Pamela, McKean, Greg, McShane, Heather, Medici, Antonio, Meeke, Chelsea, Meldrum, Evonne, Mendez, Mijail, Mercer, Scott, Merino Perez, Josu, Mesa-Lampré, María-Pilar, Mighton, Shuna, Milne, Kirsty, Mohamed Yaseen, Muhammed, Moppett, Iain, Mora, Jesus, Morales-Zumel, Sira, Moreno Fenoll, Irene Blanca, Mousa, Adham, Murray, Alastair W.; Murray, Elspeth V.; Nair, Radhika, Neary, Fiona, Negri, Giacomo, Negus, Oliver, Newham-Harvey, Fiona, Ng, Nigel, Nightingale, Jess, Noor Mohamed Anver, Sumiya, Nunag, Perrico, O'Hare, Matthew, Ollivere, Ben, Ortés Gómez, Raquel, Owens, AnneMarie, Page, Siobhan, Palloni, Valentina, Panagiotopoulos, Andreas, Panagiotopoulos, Elias, Panesar, Paul, Papadopoulos, Antonios, Spyridon, Papagiannis, Pareja Sierra, Teresa, Park, Chang, Parwaiz, Hammad, Paterson-Byrne, Paul, Patton, Sam, Pearce, Jack, Porter, Marina, Pellegrino, Achille, Pèrez Cuellar, Arturo, Pezzella, Raffaele, Phadnis, Ashish, Pinder, Charlotte, Piper, Danielle, Powell-Bowns, Matilda, Prieto Martín, Rocío, Probert, Annabel, Ramesh, Ashwanth, Ramírez de Arellano, Manuel Vicente Mejía, Renton, Duncan, Rickman, Stephen, Robertson, Alastair, Roche Albero, Adrian, Rodrigo Verguizas, José Alberto, Rodríguez Couso, Myriam, Rooney, Joanna, Sáez-López, Pilar, Saldaña-Díaz, Andres, Santulli, Adriano, Sanz Pérez, Marta Isabel, Sarraf, Khaled M.; Scarsbrook, Christine, Scott, Chloe E. H.; Scott, Jennifer, Shah, Sachi, Sharaf, Sharief, Sharma, Sidharth, Shirley, Denise, Siano, Antonio, Simpson, James, Singh, Abhinav, Singh, Amit, Sinnett, Tim, Sisodia, Gurudatt, Smith, Philomena, Sophena Bert, Eugenia, Steel, Michael, Stewart, Avril, Stewart, Claire, Sugand, Kapil, Sullivan, Niall, Sweeting, Lauren, Symes, Michael, Tan, Dylan Jun Hao, Tancredi, Francesco, Tatani, Irini, Thomas, Philip, Thomson, Fraser, Toner, Niamh S.; Tong, Anna, Toro, Antonio, Tosounidis, Theodoros, Tottas, Stylianos, Trinidad Leo, Andrea, Tucker, Damien, Vemulapalli, Krishna, Ventura Garces, Diego, Vernon, Olivia Katherine, Viveros Garcia, Juan Carlos, Ward, Alex, Ward, Kirsty, Watson, Kate, Weerasuriya, Thisara, Wickramanayake, Udara, Wilkinson, Hannah, Windley, Joseph, Wood, Janet, Wynell-Mayow, William, Zatti, Giovanni, Zeiton, Moez, Zurrón Lobato, Miriam.
The Surgeon ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1763986

ABSTRACT

Aims This international study aimed to assess: 1) the prevalence of preoperative and postoperative COVID-19 among patients with hip fracture, 2) the effect on 30-day mortality, and 3) clinical factors associated with the infection and with mortality in COVID-19-positive patients. Methods A multicentre collaboration among 112 centres in 14 countries collected data on all patients presenting with a hip fracture between 1st March-31st May 2020. Demographics, residence, place of injury, presentation blood tests, Nottingham Hip Fracture Score, time to surgery, management, ASA grade, length of stay, COVID-19 and 30-day mortality status were recorded. Results A total of 7090 patients were included, with a mean age of 82.2 (range 50-104) years and 4959 (70%) being female. Of 651 (9.2%) patients diagnosed with COVID-19, 225 (34.6%) were positive at presentation and 426 (65.4%) became positive postoperatively. Positive COVID-19 status was independently associated with male sex (odds ratio (OR) 1.38, p=0.001), residential care (OR 2.15, p<0.001), inpatient fall (OR 2.23, p=0.003), cancer (OR 0.63, p=0.009), ASA grade 4-5 (OR 1.59, p=0.008;OR 8.28, p<0.001), and longer admission (OR 1.06 for each increasing day, p<0.001). Patients with COVID-19 at any time had a significantly lower chance of 30-day survival versus those without COVID-19 (72.7% versus 92.6%, p<0.001). COVID-19 was independently associated with an increased 30-day mortality risk (hazard ratio (HR) 2.83, p<0.001). Increasing age (HR 1.03, p=0.028), male sex (HR 2.35, p<0.001), renal disease (HR 1.53, p=0.017), and pulmonary disease (HR 1.45, p=0.039) were independently associated with a higher 30-day mortality risk in patients with COVID-19 when adjusting for confounders. Conclusion The prevalence of COVID-19 in hip fracture patients during the first wave of the pandemic was 9%, and was independently associated with a three-fold increased 30-day mortality risk. Among COVID-19-positive patients, those who were older, male, with renal or pulmonary disease had a significantly higher mortality risk.

3.
EuropePMC; 2022.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-329174

ABSTRACT

Background: Tests that can diagnose COVID-19 rapidly and predict prognosis would be significantly beneficial. We studied the ability of breath analysis using gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry (GC-IMS) for diagnosis of COVID-19 and as a predictor for subsequent requirement for Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP). Methods We undertook a single centre prospective observational study in patients with COVID-19, other respiratory tract infections and healthy controls. Participants provided one breath sample for GC-IMS analysis. We used cross validation analysis to create models that were then tested against the original cohort data. Further multivariable analysis was undertaken to adjust for differences between the comparator groups. Results Between 01/02/2021 and 24/05/2021 we recruited 113 participants, of whom 72 (64%) had COVID-19, 20 (18%) had another respiratory tract infection and 21 (19%) were healthy controls. Differentiation between patients with COVID-19 and healthy controls, and patients with COVID-19 and those with other respiratory tract infections, was achieved with high accuracy. Identification of patients with subsequent requirement for CPAP was completed with moderate accuracy and was not independently associated on multivariable analysis. Conclusions We have shown that GC-IMS has a high capability to distinguish between acute COVID-19 infection and other disease states. Breath analysis shows promise as a predictor of subsequent requirement for CPAP in hospitalised patients with COVID-19. This platform has considerable benefits due to the test being rapid, non-invasive and not requiring specialist laboratory processing.

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