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1.
2022 IEEE Symposium on Industrial Electronics and Applications, ISIEA 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2052038

ABSTRACT

The rapid advancement of social networks and the convenience of internet availability have accelerated the rampant spread of false news and rumors on social media sites. Amid the COVID-19 epidemic, this misleading information has aggravated the situation by putting people's mental and physical lives in danger. To limit the spread of such inaccuracies, identifying the fake news from online platforms could be the first and foremost step. In this research, the authors have conducted a comparative analysis by implementing five transformer-based models such as BERT, BERT without LSTM, ALBERT, RoBERTa, and a Hybrid of BERT & ALBERT in order to detect the fraudulent news of COVID-19 from the internet. COVID-19 Fake News Dataset has been used for training and testing the models. Among all these models, the RoBERTa model has performed better than other models by obtaining an F1 score of 0.98 in both real and fake classes. © 2022 IEEE.

2.
Frontiers in Communication ; 7:9, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1896664

ABSTRACT

Risk communication during COVID-19 is essential to have support, but it is challenging in developing countries due to a lack of communication setup. It is more difficult for the low-income, marginal communities, and specifically, women in developing countries. To understand this, particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic, we conducted a qualitative study among N = 37 women (urban 20, rural = 17) across Bangladesh that presents the risk communication factors related to social and financial challenges. It reveals that the majority of the urban communities lack communication with local authorities, where urban low-income communities are the worst sufferers. Due to that, the majority of the urban participants could not get financial support, whereas the rural participants received such support for having communications with local authorities during the pandemic. However, access to technology helped some participants share and receive pandemic-related information about risk communication, and the adoption of financial technology helped to get emergency financial support through risk communication. Moreover, this work is expected to understand the role of risk communication during the COVID-19 pandemic among women in Bangladesh.

3.
24th International Conference on Business Information Systems, BIS 2021 ; 444 LNBIP:79-85, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1826263

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 pandemic has taught us how to continue with the day-to-day activities interacting and working from remote locations. In this paper, we have highlighted the positive approach necessary to complete a project with success under this constraint by interacting regularly with the relevant stakeholders keeping focus on the final project deliverables. The salient points with supporting references are chalked out which might be helpful for others to follow if faced with stressful situations that COVID-19 pandemic taught us. © 2022, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

4.
Embase;
Preprint in English | EMBASE | ID: ppcovidwho-326772

ABSTRACT

Given the continuing heavy toll of the COVID-19 pandemic and the emergence of the Delta (B.1.617.2) and Omicron (B.1.1.529) variants, the WHO declared both as variants of concern (VOC). There are valid concerns that the latest Omicron variant might have increased infectivity and pathogenicity. In addition, the sheer number of S protein mutations in the Omicron variant raise concerns of potential immune evasion and resistance to therapeutics such as monoclonal antibodies. However, structural insights that underpin the potential increased pathogenicity are unknown. Here we adopted an artificial intelligence (AI)-based approach to predict the structural changes induced by mutations of the Delta and Omicron variants in the spike (S) protein using Alphafold. This was followed by docking the human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) with the predicted S proteins for Wuhan-Hu-1, Delta, and Omicron variants. Our in-silico structural analysis indicates that S protein for Omicron variant has a higher binding affinity to ACE-2 receptor, compared to Wuhan-Hu-1 and Delta variants. In addition, the recognition sites of the receptor binding domains for Delta and Omicron variants showed lower electronegativity compared to Wuhan-Hu-1. Importantly, further molecular insights revealed significant changes induced at fusion protein (FP) site, which may mediate enhanced viral entry. These results represent the first computational analysis of structural changes associated with Omicron variant using Alphafold, Collectively, our results highlight potential structural basis for enhanced pathogenicity of the Omicron variant, however further validation using X-ray crystallography and cryo-EM are warranted.

5.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; : 1945998221075610, 2022 Feb 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1662390

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: (1) Assess overall COVID-19 mortality in ventilated patients with and without tracheostomy. (2) Determine the impact of tracheostomy on mechanical ventilation duration, overall length of stay (LOS), and intensive care unit (ICU) LOS for patients with COVID-19. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with planned chart review. SETTING: Single-institution tertiary care center. METHODS: Patients with COVID-19 who were ≥18 years old and requiring invasive positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) met inclusion criteria. Patients were stratified into 2 cohorts: IPPV with tracheostomy and IPPV with intubation only. Cohorts were analyzed for the following primary outcome measures: mortality, LOS, ICU LOS, and IPPV duration. RESULTS: An overall 258 patients with IPPV met inclusion criteria: 46 (18%) with tracheostomy and 212 (82%) without (66% male; median age, 63 years [interquartile range, 18.75]). Average LOS, time in ICU, and time receiving IPPV were longer in the tracheostomy cohort (P < .01). Ability to wean from IPPV was similar between cohorts (P > .05). The number of deaths in the nontracheostomy cohort (54%) was significantly higher than the tracheostomy cohort (29%, P < .01). CONCLUSIONS: While tracheostomy placement in patients with COVID-19 did not shorten overall LOS, mechanical ventilation duration, or ICU LOS, patients with a tracheostomy experienced a significantly lower number of deaths vs those without. One goal for tracheostomy is improved pulmonary toilet with associated shortened IPPV requirements. Our study did not identify this advantage among the COVID-19 population. However, this study demonstrates that the need for tracheostomy in the COVID-19 setting does not portent a poor prognostic factor, as patients with a tracheostomy experienced a significantly higher survival rate than their nontracheostomy counterparts.

6.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol ; 35(5): e312-e314, 2021 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1494746
7.
2021 International Conference of Women in Data Science at Taif University, WiDSTaif 2021 ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1270811

ABSTRACT

To reduce the dispersion of COVID - 19, people need to maintain safe distance from each other. This paper proposes a mobile application solution that keeps track of the COVID - 19 positive individuals in a certain area. With the help of the infected person's position uploaded in the cloud system, a location-based recommendation (i.e. informing people about a danger zone) is provided to the related users. Taking the pandemic into consideration, a proper visualization of users' location is made on the map using geospatial hotspot and location-based services. This paper describes the development of the mobile application that uses GPS data to pinpoint the infected person's location and create a danger zone based on the information. The accuracy of the services (provided by the application) was tested and confirmed through experiments. © 2021 IEEE.

8.
PeerJ ; 9: e11592, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1270240

ABSTRACT

Rice is the world's largest food crop, and its production needs to be doubled by 2050 to cope with population growth and associated demand. In addition to the value of improving yields, quality is also important for breeders and consumers, but it pays less attention in arid regions. During two successive summer growing seasons, the experimental material focused on 34 genotypes developed from different crosses on Fn generation after fixation as well as six of the most recent commercial cultivars used for comparisons. The results showed that a high yield of grain followed by high milling and grain quality characteristics were observed among the 34 genotypes used in this analysis. Highly important and positive correlations between the percentage of hulling and the percentage of milling (0.424) and the yield ability could be accomplished by choosing the number of panicles per plant and the weight of the panicles. Selection criteria for good quality should be met by the percentage of head rice and many mineral elements, particularly zinc and iron. As a consequence, the genotypes M.J 5460S/SK105-1, M.J 5460S/GZ7768-1, M.J 5460S/G177-1, M.J 5460S/SK105-3 and M.J 5460S/SK106-4 had desirable high yield and quality characteristics and could be used as promising accessions to the rice breeding program in arid regions. In addition to commercial genotypes, improved Japonica rice genotypes could be produced in arid conditions for higher yield and quality, leading to an increase in total production, supporting food security and nutrition.

9.
Applied Surface Science ; 540, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-932762

ABSTRACT

Still the whole world is straggling for the pure surface water monitoring which is time consuming and expensive work. Thus, a quick, selective and authentic measuring tool is anticipated for continuous monitoring the addition of chemical contaminants, such as hydrazine (N2H4). In this study, we have developed a Co(OH)2 nanoparticles decorated benzaldehyde-functionalized graphene (denoted as RGO/DHB/Co(OH)2) electrochemical sensor for selective determination of N2H4 from surface water. The electrochemical experiments are signifying its potential catalytic activity towards the oxidation of N2H4. Amperometric response suggests that this electrode can perform at the broad linear concentration range from 5 to 1700 µM at a lower limit of detection of 0.165 µM with good sensitivity of 1446.82 µA mM−1 cm−2 by <2 s. The RGO/DHB/Co(OH)2 exhibits nonsignificant interference during N2H4 detection in presence of several interferents such as primary amines, biomolecules and some common anions/cations. The admirable stability, repeatability, reproducibility and trace-level detection of N2H4 in various surface water samples have proven that the RGO/DHB/Co(OH)2 is an efficient tool for real-time application towards N2H4 detection and can contribute its potentiality against the current worldwide pandemic COVID-19. Importantly, the reaction mechanism of N2H4 oxidation has revealed at the RGO/DHB/Co(OH)2 surface by easy demonstration. © 2020

10.
Indian Journal of Community Health ; 32(3):471, 2020.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-908454
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