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1.
Cureus Journal of Medical Science ; 14(6):10, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1928858

ABSTRACT

Background Since the spread of the COVID-19 virus, governments are putting significant resources into ending the pandemic. Vaccination arises as the best solution to get back to our everyday lives. However, we are now facing vaccine hesitancy, which is a critical problem. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted between December 15, 2020, and March 1, 2021, using a validated online-based questionnaire;participants were compared using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) program based on multiple factors. Results A total of 1607 participants throughout Jordan have responded to the questionnaire, among which 880 (54.8%) have bachelor's degrees, 236 (14.7%) have a high educational level (master and doctoral), and 491 (30.5%) have a diploma or less. Although this is a non-probable sample, it is not a representative sample as, according to United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), only 33.6% of the Jordan population have a tertiary education. Overall, 892 (55.5%) of the studied subjects had the intention to take the vaccine, distributed as follows: 156 (66.1%) of the high educational participants wanted to take the vaccine, compared to 512 (58.2%) of those who have bachelor's degree and 224 (45.6%) of those who have diploma or less (p < 0.001). Reading scientific articles talking about the vaccines and their effects (55.6%, p < 0.001), knowing the mechanism of action (45.2%, p = 0.007), getting proper medical advice (27.2%, p < 0.001), encouraged by the increasing number of infections and deaths (39.7%, p < 0.001), and the number of people who received the vaccine (16.1%, p < 0.001) were the most critical factors that played a role in taking the vaccine by all of the studied groups. Male gender (OR = 2.02;95% CI = 1.54-2.64;p < 0.001), high income of more than 1000 JDs (1400 USD) (OR = 3.23;95% CI = 2.21-4.71;p < 0.001), having an educational level of either high education (OR = 3.39;95% CI = 2.07-5.55;p < 0.001) or bachelor degree (OR = 1.67;95% CI = 1.25-2.24;p = 0.001), and being encouraged by the increasing number of infections and deaths caused by COVID-19 (OR = 1.97;95% CI = 1.46-2.66;p < 0.001) were all significantly associated with the willingness to take the vaccine. Conclusion As the world rushes toward vaccination to end the pandemic, efforts are needed to end this phenomenon of vaccine hesitancy by enlightening people with the precise knowledge regarding the vaccine's mechanism of action, side effects, and efficacy focusing mainly on people with lower educational levels.

2.
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation ; 37(SUPPL 3):i394, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1915725

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Management of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on dialysis has been challenging during the COVID19 epidemic. Staff illness led to a shortage of manpower that affected patient care. We established a specialty nursing management for mineral and bone disease (MBD) in the ambulatory dialysis service in Qatar in 2016. We are presenting a retrospective study about the effects of the COVID-19 epidemic on MBD outcomes in ambulatory dialysis patients in the State of Qatar. METHOD: A retrospective cohort study in all adult patients with ESRD on chronic hemodialysis therapy (>1 month) in ambulatory dialysis clinics in the State of Qatar. Data collected were patient's characteristics, laboratory and diagnostic investigations for each patient through our electronic data system (nationwide). We focused on parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium and phosphorus levels done routinely on monthly basis. The study duration was 31 months (January 2019-September 2021). RESULTS: We included 623 patients. Age was 56 ± 11 years old and 61% were male. The main comorbidities were diabetes mellitus (63%), hypertension (92%) and cardiovascular disease (22%). The percentage of patients with PTH levels within targets ranged from 63 to 74%. It was stable before and during the first wave of COVID-19 in Qatar (March-June 2020) then dropped afterward briefly for 3 months (October-December 2020) (74% versus 63% respectively P = 0.0003). PTH level in target improved afterward and also during the second wave of COVID-19 (February- May 2021) but then dropped again for 3 months (July-September 2021) [72% versus 66% respectively P = 0.02 (graph below with details)]. Patients with phosphorus and calcium in the target were mostly stable [79% (77-83%) and 76% (74-79%), respectively]. CONCLUSION: Our retrospective study regarding the effect of the COVID-19 epidemic on MBD outcomes in hemodialysis (HD) showed a temporary drop in PTH level in the target without affecting calcium and phosphorus targets. The delayed drop after COVID-19 waves in PTH in target could be related to the routine quarterly measurement of PTH. We think that establishing a solid management system for MBD led to reasonably stable outcomes despite all challenges during the COVID-19 epidemic. (Figure Presented).

3.
Journal of Higher Education Policy and Leadership Studies ; 2(4):141-153, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1904266

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to explore the impact on working culture due to pandemic caused by Covid-19, and whether there were statistically significant sex and experience differences in Sultan Qaboos University staff perceptions. The current study used a questionnaire that applied to a sample consist of 156 staff, of whom 100 were males, and 56 were females. The results of the questionnaire indicated that staff perception the organizational culture during covid-19 pandemic with moderate level. According to sex variable, (13) items of organizational culture during covid-19 pandemic had significant differences from staff perceptions on organizational culture during covid-19 pandemic referred to male, while (3) items had no significant differences. Regarding to staff experience, five of 16 items were significantly differences according to staff experience. © 2021 Itinera. All rights reserved.

4.
Alexandria Engineering Journal ; 61(2):1369-1381, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1767818

ABSTRACT

At the end of December 2019, the Wuhan Municipal Health Commission, revealed several cases of pneumonia of unknown etiology. Later, this etiology was called the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). COVID-19 disease is rapidly spreading around the globe, affected millions of people, compelling governments to take serious actions. Due to this deadly disease, a number of deaths have been occurred and still increasing exponentially. In the practice and application of big data sciences, it is always of interest to provide the best description of the data. In this present article, the event background, symptoms, and preventions from COVID-19 are discussed. The steps were taken by the Chinese government to control the COVID-19 has also been discussed. Up to date, details, and data of daily discovered cases, total discovered cases, daily deaths, and total deaths around the world are presented. Moreover, a new statistical distribution is introduced to provide the best characterization of the survival times of the patients affected by the COVID-19 in China. By analyzing the survival times of the COVID-19 patient's data, it is showed that the new model provides a closer fit to COVID-19 events. (c) 2021 THE AUTHORS. Published by Elsevier BV on behalf of Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

5.
JACCP Journal of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy ; 4(12):1651-1652, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1615983

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has created an unprecedented pressure on healthcare systems, resulting in widespread adoption of innovative technology and services including provision of pharmaceutical care through telepharmacy. This practice is novel in the state of Qatar and the lessons learned by clinical pharmacists who provide the service is unknown. Research Question or Hypothesis: What are the perceived benefits, risks, barriers, and facilitators related to the use of telepharmacy for the provision of pharmaceutical care during COVID-19 pandemic from the perspective of clinical pharmacists? Study Design: A qualitative methodology using focus group discussions Methods: Clinical pharmacists across Hamad Medical Corporation were purposively selected to participate in the study. Focus group discussions were audio-recorded, and transcribed verbatim. Data were analyzed using inductive thematic analysis. Results: Five focus groups, involving 24 pharmacists were conducted. Overall, the major perceived benefits of care provision through telepharmacy included decreased infection exposure risks, continuity of access to healthcare services, better resource utilization through deceased time and cost on patients, and expansion of clinical pharmacy services to cover higher number of patients in remote facilities. However, clinical pharmacists perceived the practice of telepharmacy as difficult and challenging. The major disadvantages highlighted were limited efficiency and timeliness of clinical pharmacy interventions;suboptimal patient communication due to language barrier;negative influence on the pre-established professional rapport with other healthcare providers, leading to reluctance to seek pharmacists' input. Perceived challenges of the service included lack of standardized training and timely access to patients' information, cultural resistance by both healthcare providers and patients and limited resources such as dedicated platforms, incomplete documentation in electronic health records. Participants recommended creating dedicated platforms and standardized protocols as potential facilitators of telepharmacy. Conclusion: Despite perceived barriers, pharmacists identified several benefits of telepharmacy and recommended potential facilitators that should be utilized to integrate and sustain the practice of telepharmacy in the future.

6.
Infrastructures ; 6(10), 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1470896

ABSTRACT

Distracting activities while driving are common and can result in errors that threaten road users’ safety. The main objectives of this study were to investigate drivers’ perspectives of the factors contributing to distraction, determine the relative rank of types of distractions, recognize the road factors and environmental effects that make distractions more dangerous, and identify the most effective measures to reduce driver distractions. A survey was conducted to assess Jordanian drivers’ experiences with distracted driving, and what solutions they believed could be imple-mented to solve the problems. The study’s outcomes revealed that drivers perceive visual distractions as the most dangerous, followed by cognitive, manual, and auditory distractions, respec-tively. It was also found that “mobile phone texting or dialing” was ranked the top most dangerous visual and manual distracting factor. “Baby is crying or kids are fighting in the back seat” was perceived by all demographic groups as the riskiest auditory factor. Regarding cognitive distrac-tion, four factors were perceived as the most serious, of which “Baby is crying”, “Driving while angry or sad or agitated”, “Talking on a cell phone—even a hands-free one” and “Conversing with passengers” were determined to be the top four distracting factors. The results also revealed that drivers believe that “laws and enforcement” is the most effective measure to reduce distractions while driving. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

7.
AIMS Mathematics ; 6(11):11850-11878, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1367955

ABSTRACT

Recently, a new lifetime distribution known as a generalized Quasi Lindley distribution (GQLD) is suggested. In this paper, we modified the GQLD and suggested a two parameters lifetime distribution called as a weighted generalized Quasi Lindley distribution (WGQLD). The main mathematical properties of the WGQLD including the moments, coefficient of variation, coefficient of skewness, coefficient of kurtosis, stochastic ordering, median deviation, harmonic mean, and reliability functions are derived. The model parameters are estimated by using the ordinary least squares, weighted least squares, maximum likelihood, maximum product of spacing’s, Anderson-Darling and Cramer-von-Mises methods. The performances of the proposed estimators are compared based on numerical calculations for various values of the distribution parameters and sample sizes in terms of the mean squared error (MSE) and estimated values (Es). To demonstrate the applicability of the new model, four applications of various real data sets consist of the infected cases in Covid-19 in Algeria and Saudi Arabia, carbon fibers and rain fall are analyzed for illustration. It turns out that the WGQLD is empirically better than the other competing distributions considered in this study. © 2021 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press.

8.
The Open Public Health Journal ; 14(196-205):196-205, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1264265

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has led to remarkable changes in several aspects of medical practice. Elective surgeries, including orthopedic surgery, were deferred worldwide, allowing hospitals to accommodate higher numbers of COVID-19 patients and reduce the possible risk of infection among healthcare workers. However, healthcare systems aimed to continue providing emergency services at similar standards. In this study, we aim to highlight the impact of lockdowns secondary to the pandemic on orthopedic trauma practice in a country that was described to have one of the strictest lockdowns worldwide. We aim to examine the trends of change in number and type of orthopedic trauma cases and the changes to decision making and patient care among orthopedic surgeons.

9.
Infezioni in Medicina ; 29(1):10-19, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1117873

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has become a pandemic worldwide. On a daily basis the number of deaths associated with COVID-19 is rapidly increasing. The main transmission route of SARS-CoV-2 is through the air (airborne transmission). This review details the airborne transmission of SARS-CoV-2, the aerodynamics, and different modes of transmission (e.g. droplets, droplet nuclei, and aerosol particles). SARS-CoV-2 can be transmitted by an infected person during activities such as expiration, coughing, sneezing, and talking. During such activities and some medical procedures, aerosols and droplets contaminated with SARS-CoV-2 particles are formed. Depending on their sizes and the environmental conditions, such particles stay viable in the air for varying time periods and can cause infection in a susceptible host. Very few studies have been conducted to establish the mechanism or the aerodynamics of virus-loaded particles and droplets in causing infection. In this review we discuss the various forms in which SARS-CoV-2 virus particles can be transmitted in air and cause infections.

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