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Arab Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences ; 30(1):79-91, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2248703


The variant SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) has affected the entire globe;it has caused acute respiratory illnesses and has led to massive environmental problems associated with extra medical waste and single-use plastics. Herein the total quantity of waste generated in the selected GCC countries from different sources has been calculated. The popularity of the medical waste issue through using relative search volume was investigated to associate it with the quantities of Waste. Data was collected from the first COVID-19 case in the respective country until March 26, 2022, from the public domains, "Worldmeter”, "Our World in Data” and "Google Trends”. Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) was used to predict the amount of CMW. The calculated values are 1107.980 kg/day from the facemask used by the public, 2,554,812 kg from vaccination, 2,595,772 kg from PCR tests, also the predicted daily total amount of COVID-19 related Medical Waste (CMW) by the end of 2022 (December 31, 2022) to be 3667.25 kg/day. The trend in the generation of CMW has been identified in selected countries. Generally, the waste is expected to get minimized, but it is a lesson for future planning. Especially With extensive vaccination, the cases are drastically decreased, and life is resuming in the regions. © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group on behalf of the University of Bahrain.

Sustainability (Switzerland) ; 15(3), 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2248702


As a global concern, medical waste (MW) links public health, environmental pollution, and resource sustainability. This study aims to assess the two issues related to medical waste in Bahrain: the increasing generation rate of MW and its management. The integrated Environmental Assessment (IEA) methodology was adopted, including the DPSIR (Drivers, Pressures, State, Impact, Responses) framework, analysis of existing policies, and the outlook. Consequently, data were collected from official health statistics in Bahrain, and related policies for the last two decades (2001 to 2021) were also collected, in addition to interviews with Bahrain medical waste (BMW) treatment company. The results show a vast increase in medical waste during COVID-19. Moreover, most of the existing policies address the impact of the BMW issues, but the policies are lacking in tackling the drivers and pressures;there is also a policy gap related to the generation rate. Accordingly, a set of policies was proposed to overcome the two medical waste issues. Moreover, to overcome issues associated with MW, the study recommended reforming regulations aiming to reduce and manage medical waste efficiently in order to focus more on drivers and pressure causing an elevation in MW issues in Bahrain. © 2023 by the authors.