Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 9 de 9
Filter
1.
Front Immunol ; 12: 707159, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1581347

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) was declared as a pandemic by WHO in March 2020. SARS-CoV-2 causes a wide range of illness from asymptomatic to life-threatening. There is an essential need to identify biomarkers to predict disease severity and mortality during the earlier stages of the disease, aiding treatment and allocation of resources to improve survival. The aim of this study was to identify at the time of SARS-COV-2 infection patients at high risk of developing severe disease associated with low survival using blood parameters, including inflammation and coagulation mediators, vital signs, and pre-existing comorbidities. This cohort included 89 multi-ethnic COVID-19 patients recruited between July 14th and October 20th 2020 in Doha, Qatar. According to clinical severity, patients were grouped into severe (n=33), mild (n=33) and asymptomatic (n=23). Common routine tests such as complete blood count (CBC), glucose, electrolytes, liver and kidney function parameters and markers of inflammation, thrombosis and endothelial dysfunction including complement component split product C5a, Interleukin-6, ferritin and C-reactive protein were measured at the time COVID-19 infection was confirmed. Correlation tests suggest that C5a is a predictive marker of disease severity and mortality, in addition to 40 biological and physiological parameters that were found statistically significant between survivors and non-survivors. Survival analysis showed that high C5a levels, hypoalbuminemia, lymphopenia, elevated procalcitonin, neutrophilic leukocytosis, acute anemia along with increased acute kidney and hepatocellular injury markers were associated with a higher risk of death in COVID-19 patients. Altogether, we created a prognostic classification model, the CAL model (C5a, Albumin, and Lymphocyte count) to predict severity with significant accuracy. Stratification of patients using the CAL model could help in the identification of patients likely to develop severe symptoms in advance so that treatments can be targeted accordingly.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers/blood , COVID-19/blood , COVID-19/mortality , Complement C5a/analysis , Patient Acuity , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/complications , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Hypoalbuminemia/mortality , Hypoalbuminemia/virology , Lymphocyte Count , Lymphopenia/mortality , Lymphopenia/virology , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Qatar , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 7: 598846, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1067650

ABSTRACT

Background: Recent studies revealed a high prevalence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) events in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients, especially in those who are critically ill. Available studies report varying prevalence rates. Hence, the exact prevalence remains uncertain. Moreover, there is an ongoing debate regarding the appropriate dosage of thromboprophylaxis. Methods: We performed a systematic review and proportion meta-analysis following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. We searched PubMed and EMBASE for studies exploring the prevalence of VTE in critically ill COVID-19 patients till 25/07/2020. We pooled the proportion of VTE. Additionally, in a subgroup analysis, we pooled VTE events detected by systematic screening. Finally, in an exploratory analysis, we compared the odds of VTE in patients on prophylactic compared with therapeutic anticoagulation. Results: The review comprised 24 studies and over 2,500 patients. The pooled proportion of VTE prevalence was 0.31 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.24, 0.39; I 2 94%], of VTE utilizing systematic screening was 0.48 (95% CI 0.33, 0.63; I 2 91%), of deep venous thrombosis was 0.23 (95% CI 0.14, 0.32; I 2 96%), and of pulmonary embolism was 0.14 (95% CI 0.09, 0.20; I 2 90%). Exploratory analysis of few studies, utilizing systematic screening, VTE risk increased significantly with prophylactic, compared with therapeutic anticoagulation [odds ratio (OR) 5.45; 95% CI 1.90, 15.57; I 2 0%]. Discussion: Our review revealed a high prevalence of VTE in critically ill COVID-19 patients. Almost 50% of patients had VTE detected by systematic screening. Higher thromboprophylaxis dosages may reduce VTE burden in this patient's cohort compared with standard prophylactic anticoagulation; however, this is to be ascertained by ongoing randomized controlled trials.

3.
Eur J Case Rep Intern Med ; 7(10): 001905, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-884060

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was first reported in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. The disease is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome virus coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). A few published cases have linked COVID-19 and hyponatremia. The mechanism of hyponatremia in these cases is related to the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH). Here we present a unique case of urinary retention and SIADH as unusual presenting features of SARS-CoV-2 infection. LEARNING POINTS: Urine retention could be an unusual presenting symptom of severe hyponatremia of COVID-19.Hyponatremia and SIADH could be unusual presenting features of SARS-CoV-2 infection.Careful correction of hyponatremia related to COVID-19 is necessary to avoid osmotic demyelination syndrome.

4.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 103(4): 1600-1603, 2020 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-740526

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has recently spread worldwide, presenting primarily in the form of pneumonia or other respiratory disease. In addition, gastrointestinal manifestations have increasingly been reported as one of the extrapulmonary features of the virus. We report two cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection complicated by paralytic ileus. The first patient was a 33-year-old man who was hospitalized with severe COVID-19 pneumonia requiring ventilator support and intensive care. He developed large bowel dilatation and perforation of the mid-transverse colon, and underwent laparotomy and colonic resection. Histopathology of the resected bowel specimen showed acute inflammation, necrosis, and hemorrhage, supporting a role for COVID-19-induced micro-thrombosis leading to perforation. The second patient was a 33-year-old man who had severe COVID-19 pneumonia, renal failure, and acute pancreatitis. His hospital course was complicated with paralytic ileus, and he improved with conservative management. Both cases were observed to have elevated liver transaminases, which is consistent with other studies. Several authors have postulated that the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 receptors, the host receptors for COVID-19, that are present on enterocytes in both the small and large bowel might mediate viral entry and resultant inflammation. This is a potential mechanism of paralytic ileus in cases of severe COVID-19 infection. Recognizing paralytic ileus as a possible complication necessitates timely diagnosis and management.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus/pathogenicity , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Intestinal Perforation/virology , Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction/virology , Pancreatitis/virology , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Renal Insufficiency/virology , Adult , Biomarkers/metabolism , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/diagnostic imaging , Coronavirus Infections/physiopathology , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Humans , Intestinal Perforation/diagnostic imaging , Intestinal Perforation/physiopathology , Intestinal Perforation/therapy , Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction/physiopathology , Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction/therapy , Liver/enzymology , Liver/pathology , Liver/virology , Male , Pancreatitis/diagnostic imaging , Pancreatitis/physiopathology , Pancreatitis/therapy , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnostic imaging , Pneumonia, Viral/physiopathology , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Positive-Pressure Respiration/methods , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency/diagnostic imaging , Renal Insufficiency/physiopathology , Renal Insufficiency/therapy , SARS-CoV-2 , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Transaminases/metabolism
5.
Am J Case Rep ; 21: e925771, 2020 Jul 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-706605

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been increasing all over the world. During the pandemic, a variety of presentations have been described. Nevertheless, some patients remain asymptomatic. Respiratory symptoms and gastrointestinal symptoms are often reported among these patients. CASE REPORT Here, we report a case with flank pain. Radiological images were significant for bilateral consolidation, which raised a high suspicion of COVID-19. Hence, on further investigation, he was diagnosed with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. CONCLUSIONS In the time of the COVID-19 pandemic, patients with multiple comorbidities may present atypically. Flank pain, which is not a usual presentation, may raise the suspicion of COVID-19 infection.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Blood Pressure/physiology , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Hypertension/complications , Myocardial Ischemia/complications , Pain/etiology , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Aged , COVID-19 , Comorbidity , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Humans , Hypertension/diagnosis , Male , Myocardial Ischemia/diagnosis , Pain/diagnosis , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 103(3): 1166-1169, 2020 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-646100

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is a recent outbreak in China and rapidly spread worldwide. Lung consolidation is the most common radiologic finding of COVID-19 pneumonia. Pneumothorax has been rarely reported as a complication of severe COVID-19 pneumonia. Early recognition and management are detrimental to the outcome. We here report three cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection complicated by pneumothorax. In addition, we present a brief literature review.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumothorax/etiology , Adult , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnostic imaging , Pneumothorax/diagnosis , Pneumothorax/therapy , SARS-CoV-2
7.
IDCases ; 21: e00895, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-621608

ABSTRACT

As the cases of COVID-19 are flooding around the world, atypical presentations are being recognized, making the diagnosis challenging. Gastrointestinal symptoms and mild abdominal pain are common. However, severe abdominal pain associated with COVID-19 warranting surgical evaluation has been rarely described; recognizing such presentations and differentiating them from a surgical abdomen is critical to effectively and safely manage COVID-19 patients. Here we present a case of a middle-aged gentleman who developed features resembling secondary peritonitis. Eventually, he was found to have COVID-19 and was managed conservatively. In this report, we discuss his management course, and we explore pertinent relevant literature.

8.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 103(2): 815-821, 2020 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-539658

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in significant morbidity, mortality, and strained healthcare systems worldwide. Thus, a search for modalities that can expedite and improve the diagnosis and management of this entity is underway. Recent data suggested the utility of lung ultrasound (LUS) in the diagnosis of COVID-19 by detecting an interstitial pattern (B-pattern). Hence, we aimed to pool the proportion of various reported lung abnormalities detected by LUS in symptomatic COVID-19 patients. We conducted a systematic review (PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE until April 25, 2020) and a proportion meta-analysis. We included seven studies examining the role of LUS in 122 COVID-19 patients. The pooled proportion (PP) of B-pattern detected by lung ultrasound (US) was 0.97 (95% CI: 0.94-1.00 I 2 0%, Q 4.6). The PP of finding pleural line abnormalities was 0.70 (95% CI: 0.13-1.00 I 2 96%, Q 103.9), of pleural thickening was 0.54 (95% 0.11-0.95 I 2 93%, Q 61.1), of subpleural or pulmonary consolidation was 0.39 (95% CI: 0.21-0.58 I 2 72%, Q 17.8), and of pleural effusion was 0.14 (95% CI: 0.00-0.37 I 2 93%, Q 27.3). Our meta-analysis revealed that almost all SARS-CoV-2-infected patients have abnormal lung US. The most common abnormality is interstitial involvement depicted as B-pattern. The finding from our review highlights the potential role of this modality in the triage, diagnosis, and follow-up of COVID-19 patients. A sizable diagnostic accuracy study comparing LUS, computed tomography scan, and COVID-19-specific tests is warranted to further test this finding and to delineate the diagnostic and prognostic yield of each of these modalities.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/diagnostic imaging , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnostic imaging , Point-of-Care Systems , Ultrasonography , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Humans , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Lung/pathology , Pandemics , Pleural Effusion , SARS-CoV-2
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL