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Journal of Endourology ; 36(Supplement 1):A24-A25, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2114734


Introduction &Objective: High-dose vitamin C therapy is commonly believed to treat or protect against viral illnesses, such as seasonal influenza. However, not only is there a lack of supporting evidence for this practice, but high-dose vitamin C can also carry clinical risks. This includes its metabolic conversion to oxalate and resultant hyperoxaluria, which increases the risk of oxalate-based kidney stones. During the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been new interest in vitamin C therapy. This study aims to characterize public interest in vitamin C therapy and its association with nephrolithiasis. Method(s): The Google Trends platform was queried to assess worldwide searches for vitamin C, influenza, and COVID-19 using multiple related keywords. We analyzed search traffic from 2011 to 2021 for influenza and from 12/2019 to 9/2021 for COVID-19. To assess sources and accuracy of information about vitamin C therapy, we performed Google searches of "vitamin C COVID" and analyzed top results by support for the therapy and discussion of potential risks. Result(s): Online searches for vitamin C and influenza show a yearly chronicity with seasonal fluctuations (Fig. 1A). Online search traffic for vitamin C therapy paralleled interest in COVID (Fig. 1B). Subsequent peaks in COVID searches during the summer 2020, winter 2021, and summer 2021 surges were all associated with increased interest in vitamin C therapy. Among the top results for COVID-related vitamin C queries, most (90%) were medical websites or scientific publications. About a third of results stated without support that vitamin C may have potential benefit in treating COVID. No sources discussed the increased risk of kidney stones due to vitamin C therapy;only 1 source noted "potential adverse effects" but did not specify risks. Consistent with the lack of public information about stone risk, there were no apparent associations in search patterns between vitamin C or COVID and kidney stones (Fig. 1C). Conclusion(s): Online interest in vitamin C therapy reflects surges in COVID-19 incidence. Despite the known association between high-dose vitamin C and oxalate stones, no online sources discussing this therapy for COVID cited this risk. Continued public interest in COVID therapies may have unexpected epidemiological consequences including increased risk of kidney stones.

Journal of Urology ; 206(SUPPL 3):e190-e191, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1483589


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: To determine criteria of interest to Urology residency program directors (PDs) when selecting applicants for residency interviews during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: An anonymous survey was sent via email to all Urology residency PDs across the United States. PDs were asked to assign the degree of importance (1-5, with 5 being very important) of selected factors in deciding which applicants to interview. Surveys were distributed and study data was managed using REDCap. Descriptive statistical analyses were performed. RESULTS: In total, 130 urology residency PDs were contacted and 64 (49.3%) responded to the survey. Urology letter(s) of recommendation (LOR) based on non-virtual rotation(s), Urology clerkship grades, research experience, and Visa status of the applicant were cited as the most important factors in selecting applicants for interview with median importance ratings of 5, 4, 4, and 5, respectively. Urology LOR based on virtual rotation(s), virtual subinternship( s), and participation in social media activities were the least important in selecting applicants for interviews with median importance ratings of 2 for each. Notably, Urology LOR(s) based on non-virtual rotation(s) and Visa status were consistently ranked as the most important factors by over 50% of PDs. CONCLUSIONS: Urology PDs value urology LOR(s) from nonvirtual rotation(s), Urology clerkship grades, research experience, and applicant Visa status as the most important factors in selecting applicants for interviews during the COVID-19 pandemic. Virtual rotation(s) and social media activity were ranked the lowest among criteria that influence the selection process for interviews.