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Ricerche di Psicologia ; (3)2022.
Article in Italian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2290913

ABSTRACT

The problem under consideration. This contribution refers to the studies conducted by the Generational Encounters Laboratory and by the A.R.I.P.T.Fo.R.P. more recently in the perspectives of social psychology and aging to address the problem of the pandemic as rift generated in the time axis. The social representations and practices of the elderly regarding an evolving society – between past, present and future – are analyzed by reading the results in the light of the reference theories (Mead, 1934;Moscovici, 1961/1976;Markus, 1977) and in an intergenerational perspective. Participants. In this first phase of the survey, 56 semi-structured interviews were collected for residents in some contexts in Northern Italy (38 in the cities of Milan, Bergamo, Brescia and Lecco) and in the Center (18 in the cities of Arezzo, Viterbo, Rome). Objective. The objective of the exploratory research is to reconstruct the experiences, emotions, attitudes – in synthesis the social representations – (Moscovici, 1961/1976, 1984, 1988, 2000, 2001) and the practices of the over 65 before, during and after the pandemic in different Italian territorial contexts. Method. The interview is the tool that was selected with the aim of reconstructing the representations and social practices of the participants. The semi-structured interview outline was built ad hoc for research and is divided into three sections concerning the social representations and practices of the elderly before, during and after the Coronavirus. The analyzes were conducted using the IRAMUTEQ software for Descending Hierarchical Analysis (Camargo and Justo, 2013). Main results. Despite the numerous difficulties deriving from the pandemic, the results of the research highlight the presence of positive social representations that include the example of the parents and grandparents of the interviewees, responsible and strong in facing the difficulties and hardships that characterized the reconstruction after World War II. The memory of the resilient elderly (past self of society – Mead, 1934;Markus, 1977 ± enriches the cognitive and emotional baggage of those farsighted young people (present self) who will accept the challenge of "living in cordata”! This is the metaphor that, in the light of the Theory of Social Representations, helps to anchor and objectify the3pact between generations” – deriving from the wisdom of grandparents – suitable for building a rich and consolidated future self of society. Conclusions and future perspectives. Studying how the elderly represent cognitively and how they emotionally deal with the particular historical moment has been relevant in an intergenerational psycho-social perspective. The strength of the research is precisely this point of view. The interest in the results obtained suggests expanding the collection of data, also improving the research methodology to promote representativeness. Applications. The research could also catch the attention of a wider audience in addition to the academic one, encouraging the opening of spaces for reflection on the importance of intergenerational social connections. The proposal that derives directly from the research results is that of the activation of intergenerational social laboratories (on the model of the one already active in Viterbo) in which the different generations can confront, structuring a dialogue in favor of the pact between generations. Copyright © FrancoAngeli.

3.
European Journal of Neurology ; 28(SUPPL 1):103, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1307709

ABSTRACT

Background and aims: Several studies reported increased incidence of Guillain-Barre' Syndrome (GBS) after Zika epidemic, SARS-CoV and MERS, and more recently SARS-CoV-2 infection. We estimate incidence and describe clinical characteristics and outcome of GBS in COVID-19 patients in one of the most affected regions by COVID-19 of the world, Lombardia. Methods: A multi-center observational study on neurological complications in COVID-19 patients was conducted in 20 Neurology Units by the Italian society of Hospital Neuroscience (SNO). Adult patients admitted to Neurological units between February-April 2020 with COVID19-GBS were included. Results: 38 COVID19-GBS patients had mean age of 60.7 years and male frequency of 86.8%. Mean interval between COVID-19 onset and GBS onset was 15.1 days. CSF albuminocytologic dissociation was detected in 71.4% of cases, PCR for SARS-CoV-2 negative in all 15 tested patients, and anti-ganglioside antibodies positive in 43.7%. Based on neurophysiology, 81.8% of patients had a diagnosis of AIDP diagnosis, 12.1% AMSAN and 6% AMAN. 29 patients have been treated with intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIg), two with plasma exchange (PE), two with PE followed by IVIg and five untreated. The course was favorable in 76.3% of patients, stable in 10.5%, while 13.1% worsened, of which three died. The estimated occurrence rate in Lombardia is 0.5 GBS cases per 1000 COVID-19 infections. Conclusion: We detected an increased incidence of GBS in COVID-19 patients which can reflect higher risk of GBS in COVID-19 patients or be secondary to an increase of prevalence of prior infection in that period.

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