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1.
Journal of the Neurological Sciences ; 429, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1466683

ABSTRACT

Background and aims: Erenumab proved to be safe and well tolerated in a 5-year continuation of a 1-year double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Aim: to assess >48-week erenumab tolerability and safety in a real-world setting. Methods: In this long term (>48-week), multicenter (n = 15), longitudinal cohort real life study, we monitored all the adverse events emerged in consecutive adult patients with high-frequency episodic migraine (HFEM) or chronic migraine (CM) treated with monthly erenumab 70 mg or 140 mg from 20 December 2018 to 15 December 2020. Results: 442 patients (HFEM: 115;CM: 327) were treated with erenumab for >48 weeks: 209 (47.3%) patients were treated for 49–60 weeks, 132 (29.9%) for 61–72 weeks;73 (16.5%) for 73–84 weeks;21 (4.7%) for 85–100 weeks. Overall, >1 treatment emergent adverse event (TEAE) was reported by 136 (30.8%) [HFEM: 43 (37.4%);CM: 93 (28.4%)]. Most common TEAE were constipation (n = 66;14.9%), injection site erythema (n = 15;3.4%), and influenza (n = 7;1.6%). Serious adverse events (SAE) were reported by 8 patients (1.8%) and led to treatment discontinuation: severe constipation (n = 3), abdominal pain (n = 1), NSTEMI (n = 3), Covid-19 infection (n = 1). Only severe constipation was considered treatment-related SAE (0.45%). Conclusions: Conclusion: Erenumab is safe and well tolerated also in long-term treatment (>48 weeks) in real life.

2.
Pharmaceuticals ; 14(4):06, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1210243

ABSTRACT

The Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused more than 100,000,000 cases of coronavirus infection in the world in just a year, of which there were 2 million deaths. Its clinical picture is characterized by pulmonary involvement that culminates, in the most severe cases, in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, COVID-19 affects other organs and systems, including cardiovascular, urinary, gastrointestinal, and nervous systems. Currently, unique-drug therapy is not supported by international guidelines. In this context, it is important to resort to adjuvant therapies in combination with traditional pharmacological treatments. Among natural bioactive compounds, palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) seems to have potentially beneficial effects. In fact, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authorized an ongoing clinical trial with ultramicronized (um)-PEA as an add-on therapy in the treatment of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. In support of this hypothesis, in vitro and in vivo studies have highlighted the immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and pain-relieving effects of PEA, especially in its um form. The purpose of this review is to highlight the potential use of um-PEA as an adjuvant treatment in SARS-CoV-2 infection.

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