Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 2 de 2
Add filters

Document Type
Year range
Open Forum Infectious Diseases ; 8(SUPPL 1):S257, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1746692


Background. Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) is a common colonizer of the upper respiratory tract and can progress to cause invasive and mucosal disease. Additionally, infection with pneumococcus can complicate respiratory viral infections (influenza, respiratory syncytial virus, etc.) by exacerbating the initial disease. Limited data exist describing the potential relationship of SARS-CoV-2 infection with pneumococcus and the role of co-infection in influencing COVID-19 severity. Methods. Inpatients and healthcare workers testing positive for SARS-CoV-2 during March-August 2020 were tested for pneumococcus through culture-enrichment of saliva followed by RT-qPCR (to identify carriage) and for inpatients only, serotype-specific urine antigen detection (UAD) assays (to identify pneumococcal pneumonia). A multinomial multivariate regression model was used to examine the relationship between pneumococcal detection and COVID-19 severity. Results. Among the 126 subjects who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2, the median age was 62 years;54.9% of subjects were male;88.89% were inpatients;23.5% had an ICU stay;and 13.5% died. Pneumococcus was detected in 17 subjects (13.5%) by any method, including 5 subjects (4.0%) by RT-qPCR and 12 subjects (13.6%) by UAD. Little to no bacterial growth was observed on 21/235 culture plates. Detection by UAD was associated with both moderate and severe COVID-19 disease while RT-qPCR detection in saliva was not associated with severity. None of the 12 individuals who were UAD-positive died. Conclusion. Pneumococcal pneumonia (as determined by UAD) continues to occur during the ongoing pandemic and may be associated with more serious COVID-19 outcomes. Detection of pneumococcal carriage may be masked by high levels of antibiotic use. Future studies should better characterize the relationship between pneumococcus and SARS-CoV-2 across all disease severity levels.

Open Forum Infectious Diseases ; 8(SUPPL 1):S749, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1746303


Background. Despite the widespread use of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines, particularly in children, an important burden of pneumococcal disease remains in older adults. The acquisition and transmission rates of pneumococcus between older adults have not been well characterized. Methods. Between October 2020-June 2021, couples living in the Greater New Haven Area were enrolled if both individuals were over the age of 60 years and did not have any individuals under the age of 60 years living in the household. Saliva samples and questionnaires regarding social patterns and medical history were obtained every 2 weeks for a period of 10 weeks. Following culture-enrichment, extracted DNA was tested using qPCR for pneumococcus-specific sequences piaB and lytA. Individuals were considered positive for pneumococcal carriage when qPCR Ct-values for piaB +/- lytA were less than 40. Results. To date, we have collected 495 saliva samples from 95 individuals (48 households). Of 495 saliva samples, 31 (5.9%) have tested positive for pneumococcus by either piaB only (n=9) or both lytA and piaB (n=22). Of 95 individuals, 16 (16.8%) (representing 13, or 27.1% households) have tested positive at least once. Six of the 16 (37.5%) carriers tested positive at multiple timepoints, though none were colonized at all 6 time points over the course of the 10 weeks of study enrolment. For 3 of the 48 (6.3%) households, both members of the couple were identified as carriers, though not necessarily at the same sampling moment. Conclusion. The preliminary findings of this longitudinal transmission model demonstrate evidence of pneumococcal acquisition among older adults measured by molecular tools. These transmission patterns and high rates of pneumococcal carriage in adults were observed during a period when the COVID-19 pandemic led to numerous preventative public health measures that may have reduced pneumococcal transmission (e.g., social distancing, mask wearing, bans on mass gatherings, restaurant closures, travel restrictions).