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Microchem J ; 179: 107585, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1946066


Currently, the development of biosensors is an urgent need due to the rapid spread of SARS-CoV-2 and the limitations of current standard methods for the diagnosis of COVID-19. Hence, many researchers have focused on the design of high-performance biosensors for measuring coronavirus genes. In this study, a voltammetric genosensor was developed for the determination of SARS-CoV-2 RdRP gene based on the format of cDNA probe/Au@CD core-shell NPs/graphite nanocrystals (GNCs)/paper electrode. For the first time, graphite nanocrystals were used in the electrochemical biosensor design. This genosensor was exposed to different concentrations of virus gene and then the hybridization between cDNA probe and RdRP gene was monitored by redox-active toluidine blue (TB). With increasing the RdRP concentration, the reduction peak current of TB enhanced in a linear range of 0.50 pM-12.00 nM according to the regression equation of I (µA) = 7.60 log CRdRP (pM) + 25.78. The repeatability with a RSD of 2.2% clearly exhibited that the response of modified electrode is stable because of the high adhesion of GNC layer on the paper substrate and the high stability of cDNA-Au@CD bioconjugates. The spike-and-recovery studies showed the acceptable recoveries for the sputum samples (>95%).