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J Infect Public Health ; 14(1): 6-11, 2021 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1065350

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The first case of COVID-19 infection in Saudi Arabia was reported in Qatif on March 2nd, 2020. Here, we describe the clinical characteristics of the initial COVID-19 patients in that area. METHODS: This is an observational study describing the clinical presentation, radiographic and laboratory data of COVID-19 cases. RESULTS: From March 1st, 2020 to April 5th, 2020 we identified a total of 82 adult COVID-19 patients. The median age of the patients was 50 years, with a range of 30 to 60 years and most of patients were female 54 (65.9%). Of all the patients, 29 (35.4%) were contacts and 43 (52.4%) were returning travelers, mainly from Iraq (65% of the total returning travelers). Comorbidities were present in 50% of patients, G6PD deficiency in 33%, hypertension in 27%, and diabetes mellitus in 26%. Chest radiographs were abnormal in 46% of symptomatic and 15.5% of asymptomatic patients (P value = 0.0035). Of all patients, 4 (4.87%) required intensive care admission. There was no significant difference in time to negative RT-PCR with mean days to negativity of 13.6 and 16.9 for asymptomatic and symptomatic group, respectively (P value = 0.42). CONCLUSIONS: In the initial Epicenter of the COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia, the majority of the patients were asymptomatic and were returning travelers. Comorbidities were present in nearly half of the patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Adolescent , Adult , COVID-19/mortality , COVID-19/pathology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Organ Dysfunction Scores , Saudi Arabia/epidemiology , Survival Analysis , Young Adult
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