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J Prev Med Hyg ; 62(2): E270-E276, 2021 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1355281

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The aim of the study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practices towards SARS-CoV-2 among nursing students of University of Palermo during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and methods: This is cross-sectional study. A survey was provided to all nursing students and consisted of two parts: demographics and Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) survey. A multivariate linear regression model was used and adjusted Odds Ratios (aOR) are presented. Results: 575 students were interviewed, and their mean age was 22.29 ± 4.2. The overall score indicates good knowledge (p=0.046) and good practices among the four courses of study (p=0.038). Multivariate linear regression showed that Attitude score (b = -0.29; p = 0.024) and Knowledge score (b = 0.10; p = 0.026) adjusted for age, gender, year of study, perceived economic status, perceived health status were significantly associated with Practice score. Conclusion: Our results suggest that proper health education is useful for encouraging optimistic attitudes and maintaining safe practices among future category of nurses.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Students, Nursing/psychology , Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
2.
Acta Biomed ; 91(12-S): e2020001, 2020 11 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-953536

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: SARS-CoV-2 infection is a global health problem that is primarily detected in Italy with progressive increase in cases and deaths. To facilitate the management of the pandemic in Italy, it is essential to understand the level of attention on COVID-19. The aim of the study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practices towards SARS-CoV-2 among the nursing students of University of Palermo during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: The current study was a cross-sectional study. On-line questionnaires were used for the collection of the data by providing a survey in all nursing students. The questionnaire consisted of two parts: demographics and Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) survey. A multivariate linear regression model was used and adjusted Odds Ratios (aOR) are presented. RESULTS: 525 students were interviewed and their mean age was 21.8. The overall score indicates good practices among the three courses of study (p=0.025). The Multivariable logistic regression showed that the dependent variable "Practice poor score" is statistically significant associated with these independent variables: "Other country of birth" (aOR 17.7, 95% CI 2.31-136.03), "second" (aOR 2.65, 95% CI 1.21-7.80) and "third" (aOR 2.96, 95% CI 1.31-6.72) year of study, "low perceived health status"(aOR 2.35, 95% CI 1.04-5.30) and "Knowledge poor score (aOR 3.05, 95% CI 1.06-8.77). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that health education programs aimed at improving COVID-19 knowledge are helpful for nursing students to hold optimistic attitudes and maintain appropriate practices.


Subject(s)
Attitude of Health Personnel , COVID-19/nursing , Clinical Competence , Students, Nursing , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Italy/epidemiology , Male , Pandemics , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
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