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Kans J Med ; 14: 108-110, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1204406

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2, aka COVID-19) virus has evolved into a World Health Organization-declared pandemic which has strained our regional critical care and hospital resources. METHODS: A Critical Care Task Force was established between Kansas City area intensive care units to allow for preparedness for potential surges by sharing of bed capacity both in the ICU and hospital, and ventilator capacity as well as weekly web-based meetings to share resource concerns and best practice. This Task Force also collected patient information to understand the dynamics of community impact and resource needs better. This effort allowed for compilation and dissemination of information regarding data that describe characteristics of patients with COVID-19 compared to a random sample of medical ICU patients with conditions other than COVID-19.Demographic and therapeutic factors affecting patients admitted to medical intensive care units in the Kansas City metro area are reported from May 5, 2020 until June 2, 2020 using a retrospective case-control study examining gender, race, and therapeutic options including modes of ventilation, vasopressor requirements, renal-replacement therapy, and disposition. RESULTS: During data collection, patients being treated for COVID-19 in intensive care units in the Kansas City metropolitan area were more likely to be older, less likely to be white, and less likely to be immunosuppressed as compared to those being treated for non-COVID illnesses. They were more likely to require non-invasive ventilation and undergo prone positioning but were equally likely to require invasive ventilation and other organ supportive therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Hospitalized patients being treated for COVID-19 in the Kansas City metropolitan area have similar demographics to those being reported in the U.S. including age and race. Additionally, establishing a Critical Care Task Force in response to the pandemic allowed for preparation for a potential surge, establishing capacity, and disseminating timely information to policy makers and critical care workers on the front line.

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