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1.
J Antimicrob Chemother ; 76(12): 3296-3302, 2021 11 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1393280

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The use of remdesivir has demonstrated a significant reduction in the time to recovery in patients with COVID-19. However, the impact on mortality is still controversial. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate whether there is a specific subgroup of patients in whom an active antiviral therapy also reduces the mortality. METHODS: Patients admitted for >48 h in our hospital for a SARS-CoV-2 confirmed or suspected infection from February 2020 to February 2021 were retrospectively analysed. The primary outcome of the study was mortality at 30 days. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify predictors of mortality. RESULTS: In total, 2607 patients (438 receiving remdesivir and 2169 not) were included with a median (IQR) age of 65 (54-77) years and 58% were male. Four hundred and seventy-six were admitted to the ICU (18.3%) and 264 required invasive mechanical ventilation (10.1%). The global 30 day mortality rate was 10.7%. Pre-admission symptom duration of 4-6 days and ≤3 days was associated with a 1.5- and 2.5-fold increase in the mortality rate, respectively, in comparison with >6 days and treatment with remdesivir was independently associated with a lower mortality rate (OR = 0.382, 95% CI = 0.218-0.671). The analysis showed that the major difference was among patients with shorter pre-admission symptom duration (<6 days). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with ≤3 days and 4-6 days from symptom onset to admission are associated with a 2.5- and 1.5-fold higher risk of death, respectively. Remdesivir was associated with 62% reduced odds of death versus standard-of-care and its survival benefit increased with shorter duration of symptoms.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Adenosine Monophosphate/analogs & derivatives , Aged , Alanine/analogs & derivatives , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19/drug therapy , Humans , Male , Respiration, Artificial , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Lancet Reg Health Eur ; 3: 100041, 2021 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1046227

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe changes in characteristics and treatment strategies of hospitalised patients with COVID-19 and detail the mortality trend over time. METHODS: Observational cohort study of all consecutive patients admitted ≥ 48 h to Hospital Clinic of Barcelona for COVID-19 (1 March-30 September 2020). FINDINGS: A total of 1645 consecutive patients with COVID-19 were assessed over a 7-month period. Overall mortality (≤30 days) was 9.7% (159 patients), 7.7% in patients hospitalised in regular wards and 16.7 % in patients requiring ICU admission. Overall mortality decreased from 11.6% in the first month to 1.4% in the last month, reflecting a progressive, significant downward trend (p for trend <0.001). Patients' age changed over time, peaking in June. Most changes in the use of antivirals and anti-inflammatory treatments were documented. Age (OR 1.1, CI 1.1-1.12), chronic heart disease, (OR 1.7, CI 1.1-2.9), D-dimer>700 ng/mL (OR 2.3, CI 1.3-4.1), ferritin>489 ng/mL (OR 1.9; CI 1.5-3.2), C-RP>7 mg/dL (OR 2.6; CI 1.5-4.6), and shorter duration from symptom onset to hospital admission (OR 1.11; CI 1.04-1.17) were factors associated with 30-day mortality at hospital admission. Conversely, hospital admission in the last months (OR 0.80; CI 0.65-0.98) was significantly associated with lower mortality. INTERPRETATION: In-hospital mortality has decreased in patients with COVID-19 over the last, few months, even though main patient characteristics remain similar. Several changes made when managing patients may explain this decreasing trend. Our study provides current data on mortality of patients hospitalised with COVID-19 that might be useful in establishing quality of standard of care. FUNDING: EIT Health, European Union´s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme), EDRD. PPA [CM18/00132], NGP [FI19/00133], and CGV [FIS PI18/01061], have received grants from Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo, ISCIII.


CONTEXTO: Nuestro objetivo es describir los cambios en las características y las estrategias de tratamiento de los pacientes hospitalizados por COVID-19, y detallar la tendencia de la mortalidad en el tiempo. MÉTODOS: Estudio observacional de cohortes de todos los pacientes consecutivos, ingresados por COVID-19 durante más de 48 horas, en el Hospital Clínic de Barcelona (del 1 de marzo al 30 de septiembre de 2020). RESULTADOS: Un total de 1645 pacientes consecutivos fueron evaluados durante un período de 7 meses. La mortalidad global (≤30 días) fue del 9.7% (159 pacientes): 7.7% en pacientes hospitalizados en salas convencionales, y 16.7% en pacientes que requirieron ingreso en UCI. La mortalidad global disminuyó del 11.6% en el primer mes al 1.4% en el último mes evaluado, reflejando una progresiva y significativa tendencia a la baja (p para la tendencia <0.001). La edad de los pacientes ha cambiado con el tiempo, habiendo alcanzado su pico en junio. La mayoría de cambios en el uso de antivirales y antiinflamatorios se han documentado. La edad (OR 1.1; CI 1.1­1.12), cardiopatía crónica (OR 1.7; CI 1.1­2.9), dímero-D>700 ng/mL (OR 2.3; CI 1.3­4.1), ferritina>489 ng/mL (OR 1.9; CI 1.5­3.2), PCR>7 mg/dL (OR 2.6; CI 1.5­4.6), y una menor duración desde el inicio de síntomas a la hospitalización (OR 1.11; CI 1.04­1.17) fueron factores asociados a la mortalidad intrahospitalaria a 30 días. Por el contrario, el ingreso hospitalario previo en los últimos meses (OR 0.80; CI 0.65­0.98) se asoció significativamente a una menor mortalidad. DISCUSIÓN: La mortalidad intrahospitalaria ha disminuido en los pacientes con COVID-19 durante los últimos meses, incluso siendo similares las características de los pacientes. Algunos cambios realizados en el manejo de estos pacientes podrían explicar esta tendencia decreciente. Nuestro estudio aporta datos actualizados en la mortalidad de los pacientes hospitalizados con COVID-19, que podrían ser útiles de cara a establecer unos cuidados estándar de calidad. FINANCIACIÓN: EIT Health, European Union´s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme, EDRD. PPA [CM18/00132], NGP [FI19/00133] y CGV [FIS PI18/01061], han recibido becas del Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo, ISCIII.

3.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0242184, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-919023

ABSTRACT

Ivermectin has recently shown efficacy against SARS-CoV-2 in-vitro. We retrospectively reviewed severe COVID-19 patients receiving standard doses of ivermectin and we compared clinical and microbiological outcomes with a similar group of patients not receiving ivermectin. No differences were found between groups. We recommend the evaluation of high-doses of ivermectin in randomized trials against SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Ivermectin/therapeutic use , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Adult , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/therapeutic use , Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nasopharynx/virology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome
4.
J Clin Med ; 9(10)2020 Oct 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-905447

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Data on the clinical patterns and histopathology of SARS-CoV-2 related skin lesions, as well as on their relationship with the severity of COVID-19 are limited. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected cohort of patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection in a teaching hospital in Barcelona, Spain, from 1 April to 1 May 2020. Clinical, microbiological and therapeutic characteristics, clinicopathological patterns of skin lesions, and direct immunofluorescence and immunohistochemical findings in skin biopsies were analyzed. RESULTS: Fifty-eight out of the 2761 patients (2.1%) either consulting to the emergency room or admitted to the hospital for COVID-19 suspicion during the study period presented COVID-19 related skin lesions. Cutaneous lesions could be categorized into six patterns represented by the acronym "GROUCH": Generalized maculo-papular (20.7%), Grover's disease and other papulo-vesicular eruptions (13.8%), livedo Reticularis (6.9%), Other eruptions (22.4%), Urticarial (6.9%), and CHilblain-like (29.3%). Skin biopsies were performed in 72.4%, including direct immunofluorescence in 71.4% and immunohistochemistry in 28.6%. Patients with chilblain-like lesions exhibited a characteristic histology and were significantly younger and presented lower rates of systemic symptoms, radiological lung infiltrates and analytical abnormalities, and hospital and ICU admission compared to the rest of patients. CONCLUSION: Cutaneous lesions in patients with COVID-19 appear to be relatively rare and varied. Patients with chilblain-like lesions have a characteristic clinicopathological pattern and a less severe presentation of COVID-19.

5.
Journal of Clinical Medicine ; 9(10):3261, 2020.
Article in English | MDPI | ID: covidwho-844043

ABSTRACT

Background: Data on the clinical patterns and histopathology of SARS-CoV-2 related skin lesions, as well as on their relationship with the severity of COVID-19 are limited. Methods and Materials: Retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected cohort of patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection in a teaching hospital in Barcelona, Spain, from 1 April to 1 May 2020. Clinical, microbiological and therapeutic characteristics, clinicopathological patterns of skin lesions, and direct immunofluorescence and immunohistochemical findings in skin biopsies were analyzed. Results: Fifty-eight out of the 2761 patients (2.1%) either consulting to the emergency room or admitted to the hospital for COVID-19 suspicion during the study period presented COVID-19 related skin lesions. Cutaneous lesions could be categorized into six patterns represented by the acronym “GROUCH”: Generalized maculo-papular (20.7%), Grover’s disease and other papulo-vesicular eruptions (13.8%), livedo Reticularis (6.9%), Other eruptions (22.4%), Urticarial (6.9%), and CHilblain-like (29.3%). Skin biopsies were performed in 72.4%, including direct immunofluorescence in 71.4% and immunohistochemistry in 28.6%. Patients with chilblain-like lesions exhibited a characteristic histology and were significantly younger and presented lower rates of systemic symptoms, radiological lung infiltrates and analytical abnormalities, and hospital and ICU admission compared to the rest of patients. Conclusion: Cutaneous lesions in patients with COVID-19 appear to be relatively rare and varied. Patients with chilblain-like lesions have a characteristic clinicopathological pattern and a less severe presentation of COVID-19.

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