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Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education ; 23(2):15-30, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1801184


COVID-19 pandemic showed once again the need for quality in online education all over the world. The aim of this research is to solicit how to improve the quality of online education from online education program directors' perspectives. The research was designed as a qualitative case study. Eight participants who were responsible for directing, managing, supervising and organizing online education programs participated to this study. The data were collected through interviews and were analyzed through content analysis. Eight dimensions were found to improve the quality of online education. These dimensions were focusing on students' needs;focusing on change in education;focusing on system as a whole;focusing on leadership;focusing on continuous improvement of online education;focusing on integrating learning and teaching theories into online education;focusing on research about online education;and focusing on quality of instructors.

Research in Educational Administration & Leadership ; 6(4):870-901, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1689552


When Covid 19 pandemic started, schools in Turkey, as in many parts of the world, were closed and then emergency remote teaching started. The purpose of this study is to explain the roles and responsibilities of school administrators related to emergency remote teaching after schools were closed. In order to reveal the purpose above, this research was carried out in qualitative research design. 105 school administrators from different regions of Turkey and different school levels participated in the study. The data were collected through a Google Drive form with open-ended questions. The collected data were analyzed with content and descriptive analyses. The findings showed that the roles and responsibilities of the school administrators regarding emergency remote teaching included planning the process, starting online classes, opening different social media accounts, managing the online program, solving the adaptation problems of students and teachers, monitoring the actions taken and motivating teachers, students, parents;communication and finally it has been seen that they are in the act of transition to and maintaining digital management. During the Covid 19 pandemic, school administrators have mostly done "communication". There were also changes in the communication styles of school administrators and social media tools were used effectively. The intensive use of technology in this period has caused changes in management processes and managers have mostly talked about digital management and the exhausting aspects of digital management are expressed as well as the facilitating ones. Since emergency remote teaching is not a common case in the K-12 Turkish education system, we hope the results of this study will contribute to a better understanding of the roles and responsibilities of school administrators during such emergency periods.

Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences ; 15(6):2031-2034, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1399843


The aim of this study is to investigate the nutritional approaches of student athletes studying at the university during the coronavirus outbreak period. Participants consisted of students studying and doing sports at the University. 446 students, 246 males and 200 females, participated in the study. Besides the personal form, students were filled the questionnaire testing questionnaire. Students voluntarily participated. The surveys were done on social media. Nutritional habits questionnaire consists of 12 questions. In the preparation of the survey questions, the questions proved validity of the researches which have been done on the subject before have been used. SPSS 23.00 package program was used in statistical analyses. Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was performed to test whether the data was normally distributed and it was determined that the data showed normal distribution. Independent t-test, paired t-test, unidirectional variance analysis and LSD tests were used in statistical operations. There was no significant difference in students' nutrition approaches by gender, both in the pre-outbreak period and in the outbreak period points (p> 0.05). Nutrition scores were significantly increased during the outbreak period (p <0.001). A significant difference was found between the students who felt bad before the epidemic and those who felt well before the epidemic and their nutritional scores according to the levels they felt (p <0.05). A significant difference was found between the pre-outbreak period and post-epidemic nutrition scores of the sports faculty students (p <0.05). During the coronavirus epidemic, university student athletes have either increased their nutritional opportunities or have changed their eating habits positively to keep their immune systems strong or both. The fact that sports faculty students have better nutrition compared to other faculty students can be attributed to their taking courses in nutrition, health and similar. It is recommended to give lectures or seminars on nutrition to athlete students.