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2.
Kidney360 ; 2(12): 1917-1927, 2021 12 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1789955

ABSTRACT

Background: Patients with ESKD on maintenance dialysis receive dialysis in common spaces with other patients and have a higher risk of severe SARS-CoV-2 infections. They may have persistently or intermittently positive SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR tests after infection. We describe the clinical course of SARS-CoV-2 infection and the serologic response in a convenience sample of patients with ESKD to understand the duration of infectivity. Methods: From August to November 2020, we enrolled patients on maintenance dialysis with SARS-CoV-2 infections from outpatient dialysis facilities in Atlanta, Georgia. We followed participants for approximately 42 days. We assessed COVID-19 symptoms and collected specimens. Oropharyngeal (OP), anterior nasal (AN), and saliva (SA) specimens were tested for the presence of SARS-CoV-2 RNA, using RT-PCR, and sent for viral culture. Serology, including neutralizing antibodies, was measured in blood specimens. Results: Fifteen participants, with a median age of 58 (range, 37‒77) years, were enrolled. Median duration of RT-PCR positivity from diagnosis was 18 days (interquartile range [IQR], 8‒24 days). Ten participants had at least one, for a total of 41, positive RT-PCR specimens ≥10 days after symptoms onset. Of these 41 specimens, 21 underwent viral culture; one (5%) was positive 14 days after symptom onset. Thirteen participants developed SARS-CoV-2-specific antibodies, 11 of which included neutralizing antibodies. RT-PCRs remained positive after seroconversion in eight participants and after detection of neutralizing antibodies in four participants; however, all of these samples were culture negative. Conclusions: Patients with ESKD on maintenance dialysis remained persistently and intermittently SARS-CoV-2-RT-PCR positive. However, of the 15 participants, only one had infectious virus, on day 14 after symptom onset. Most participants mounted an antibody response, including neutralizing antibodies. Participants continued having RT-PCR-positive results in the presence of SARS-CoV-2-specific antibodies, but without replication-competent virus detected.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Adult , Aged , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19/complications , Humans , Middle Aged , Outpatients , RNA, Viral , Renal Dialysis , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Emergencias ; 34(1):29-37, 2022.
Article in Spanish | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-1628262

ABSTRACT

Objectives. To develop and validate a triage scale (Spanish acronym, TIHCOVID) to assign priority by predicting critical events in patients with severe COVID-19 who are candidates for interhospital transfer. Methods. Prospective cohort study in 2 periods for internal (February-April 2020) and external (October-December 2020) validation. We included consecutive patients with severe COVID-19 who were transported by the emergency medical service of Catalonia. A risk model was developed to predict mortality based on variables recorded on first contact between the regional emergency coordination center and the transferring hospital. The model's performance was evaluated by means of calibration and discrimination, and the results for the first and second periods were compared. Results. Nine hundred patients were included, 450 in each period. In-hospital mortality was 33.8%. The 7 predictors included in the final model were age, comorbidity, need for prone positioning, renal insufficiency, use of high-flow nasal oxygen prior to mechanical ventilation, and a ratio of PaO2 to inspired oxygen fraction of less than 50. The performance of the model was good (Brier score, 0.172), and calibration and discrimination were consistent. We found no significant differences between the internal and external validation steps with respect to either the calibration slopes (0.92 [95% CI, 0.91-0.93] vs 1.12 [95% CI, 0.6-1.17], respectively;P = .150) or discrimination (area under the curve, 0.81 [95% CI, 0.75-0.84] vs 0.85 [95% CI, 0.81-0.89];P = .121). Conclusion. The TIHCOVID tool may be useful for triage when assigning priority for patients with severe COVID-19 who require transfer between hospitals. Objetivo. Desarrollar y validar una escala predictiva de eventos críticos en pacientes con infección grave por COVID-19 candidatos a traslado interhospitalario (TIH) que facilite el triaje y la priorización del transporte sanitario. Método. Estudio de cohortes prospectivo divido en dos periodos: validación interna (febrero-abril 2020) y validación externa (octubre-diciembre 2020). Se incluyeron consecutivamente los pacientes con infección grave por COVID-19 trasladados por el Sistema de Emergencias Médicas de Cataluña. Se construyó un modelo predictivo de las variables asociadas a la mortalidad recogidas en el momento del primer contacto entre el hospital emisor y el centro de coordinación. Se calculó el rendimiento del modelo y se comparó la validación interna y externa, evaluando la calibración y la discriminación. Resultados. Se incluyeron 900 pacientes, 450 pacientes en cada periodo de estudio. La mortalidad durante el ingreso fue del 33,8%. Las 7 variables predictoras incluidas en el modelo final fueron edad, comorbilidad, pronación, insufi- ciencia renal aguda, uso de oxigenoterapia de alto flujo previa a la ventilación mecánica invasiva, tabaquismo activo y un valor de PaO2/FiO2 < 50. El modelo mostró un buen rendimiento (Brier = 0,172) y consistencia en la calibración y discriminación. No se objetivaron diferencias en la pendiente de calibración [0,92 (IC 95%: 0,91-0,93) vs 1,12 (IC 95%: 0,6-1,17);p = 0,150] ni en la capacidad discriminativa [ABC 0,81 (IC 95%: 0,75-0,84) vs ABC de 0,85 (IC 95%: 0,81-0,89), p = 0,121] entre la validación interna y externa. Conclusiones. La escala TIHCOVID puede ser de ayuda para el triaje de pacientes con infección COVID-19 grave que precisan traslado interhospitalario.

4.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0247676, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1575816

ABSTRACT

We retrospectively evaluated 2879 hospitalized COVID-19 patients from four hospitals to evaluate the ability of demographic data, medical history, and on-admission laboratory parameters to predict in-hospital mortality. Association of previously published risk factors (age, gender, arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking habit, obesity, renal failure, cardiovascular/ pulmonary diseases, serum ferritin, lymphocyte count, APTT, PT, fibrinogen, D-dimer, and platelet count) with death was tested by a multivariate logistic regression, and a predictive model was created, with further validation in an independent sample. A total of 2070 hospitalized COVID-19 patients were finally included in the multivariable analysis. Age 61-70 years (p<0.001; OR: 7.69; 95%CI: 2.93 to 20.14), age 71-80 years (p<0.001; OR: 14.99; 95%CI: 5.88 to 38.22), age >80 years (p<0.001; OR: 36.78; 95%CI: 14.42 to 93.85), male gender (p<0.001; OR: 1.84; 95%CI: 1.31 to 2.58), D-dimer levels >2 ULN (p = 0.003; OR: 1.79; 95%CI: 1.22 to 2.62), and prolonged PT (p<0.001; OR: 2.18; 95%CI: 1.49 to 3.18) were independently associated with increased in-hospital mortality. A predictive model performed with these parameters showed an AUC of 0.81 in the development cohort (n = 1270) [sensitivity of 95.83%, specificity of 41.46%, negative predictive value of 98.01%, and positive predictive value of 24.85%]. These results were then validated in an independent data sample (n = 800). Our predictive model of in-hospital mortality of COVID-19 patients has been developed, calibrated and validated. The model (MRS-COVID) included age, male gender, and on-admission coagulopathy markers as positively correlated factors with fatal outcome.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/mortality , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Coagulation , COVID-19/blood , COVID-19/diagnosis , Female , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products/analysis , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification
5.
Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg ; 47(5): 1351-1358, 2021 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1333041

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The extraordinary situation caused by the onset of COVID-19 has meant that at prehospital level, the number of treatments, profile and time taken to respond for treating time-dependent pathologies has been greatly affected. However, it is not known whether the prehospital profile of polytrauma patients (PTP) has been affected. OBJECTIVE: To determine differences in the epidemiological characteristics and the clinical variables of prehospital polytrauma patients during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Catalonia. METHODOLOGY: Analytical cross-sectional study. The number of prehospital activations and the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of polytrauma patients attended by the Emergency Medical System (EMS) of Catalonia, were compared for the period between 15 February and 15 May 2020 and the same period in the previous year. Priorities 0 and 1 are assigned to the most severely injured patients. An analysis was conducted using logistic regression and nonparametric tests. RESULTS: 3023 patients were included. During the 2019 study period, 2045 (67.6%) patients were treated; however, during the pandemic period, 978 (32.4%) patients were treated, representing a 52% decrease (p = 0.002). The percentage of patients presenting priority 1 was higher during the pandemic period [240 (11.7%) vs 146 (14.9%), p = 0.032]. The percentage of priority 0 and 1 patients attended by a basic life support unit increased [201 (9.8%) vs 133 (13.6%), p = 0.006]. The number of traffic accidents decreased from 1211 (59.2%) to 522 (53.4%) and pedestrian-vehicle collisions fell from 249 (12.2%) to 92 (9.4%). Regarding weapon-related injuries and burns, there was an increase in the number of cases [43 (2.1%) vs 41 (4.2%), and 15 (0.7%) vs 22 (2.2%), p = 0.002 and p < 0.001, respectively]. Hospital mortality remained unchanged (3.9%). CONCLUSIONS: During the first wave of the pandemic, the number of polytrauma patients decreased and there was a change in the profile of severity and type of accident.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Emergency Medical Services , Multiple Trauma , Cross-Sectional Studies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Humans , Multiple Trauma/epidemiology , Multiple Trauma/therapy , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Mindfulness (N Y) ; : 1-11, 2021 May 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1240073

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The COVID-19 pandemic constitutes a global mental health challenge that has disrupted the lives of millions of people, with a considerable effect on university students. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a brief online Mindfulness and Compassion-based Intervention to promote mental health among first year university students during COVID-19 home confinement. METHODS: Participants (n=66) were first-year psychology students from a university in Spain with no prior meditation experience. Intervention lasted for 16 days and was designed ad-hoc. Using a pre-post within-subjects design, feasibility was assessed in five domains (acceptability, satisfaction, implementation, practicality, and limited efficacy testing). Participants completed both baseline and post-intervention assessments of perceived stress, anxiety, and self-compassion. RESULTS: The intervention showed to be feasible in all domains evaluated. It was implemented as planned with constrained resources, and limited efficacy testing showed promising results. After the intervention, stress and anxiety levels decreased significantly (p<0.001, Hedges's g=0.5146; p<0.001, Hedges's g=0.6068, respectively) whereas self-compassion levels were augmented significantly (p<0.001, Hedges's g=0.6968). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that a brief online mindfulness and compassion intervention may be a feasible way of promoting mental health among university students during COVID-19 lockdown. Further studies are required to address the limitations of the present study. We conclude that online interventions may constitute a promising pathway to buffer the mental health burden derived from the COVID-19 pandemic.

7.
Rev. salud pública ; 22(2): e214, mar.-abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-895752

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo Estimar el intervalo serial y el número básico de reproducción de COVID-19 entre casos importados durante la fase de contención en Pereira, Colombia, 2020. Método Se realizó un estudio cuantitativo para determinar algunos aspectos de la dinámica de transmisión de la COVID-19. Se utilizaron las entrevistas epidemiológicas de campo en los que se incluyeron 12 casos confirmados por laboratorio con PCR-RT para SARS-CoV-2 importados y sus correspondientes casos secundarios confirmados, entre los que estaban contactos familiares y sociales. Resultados Los intervalos seriales en la COVID-19 se ajustan a una distribución Gamma, con una media del intervalo serial de 3,8 días (± 2,7) y un R0 de 1,7 (IC 95% 1,06-2,7) inferior a lo encontrado en otras poblaciones con inicio del brote. Conclusiones Un intervalo serial inferior al periodo de incubación como el que se estimó en este estudio sugiere un periodo de transmisión presintomático que, según otras investigaciones, alcanza un pico promedio a los 3,8 días, hecho que sugiere que durante la investigación epidemiológica de campo la búsqueda de contactos estrechos se realice desde al menos 2 días antes del inicio de síntomas del caso inicial.(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective To estimate the serial interval and the basic reproduction number of COVID-19 between imported cases during the containment phase in Pereira-Colombia, 2020. Method A quantitative study was carried out to determine the transmission dynamics for COVID-19. Field epidemiological data were used, which included 12 laboratory-confirmed cases with RT-PCR for imported SARS-CoV-2 and their corresponding confirmed secondary cases, including family and social contacts. Results The serial intervals in COVID-19 fit a Gamma distribution, with a mean of the serial interval of 3.8 days (2.7) and an R0 of 1.7 (95% CI 1.06-2.7) lower than that found in other populations with onset of the outbreak. Conclusions A serial interval lower than the incubation period such as that estimated in this study, suggests a presymptomatic transmission period that according to other investigations reaches an average peak at 3.8 days, suggesting that during the field epidemiological investigation the search for contacts Narrowing is performed from at least 2 days before the onset of symptoms of the initial case.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Basic Reproduction Number , Betacoronavirus , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Colombia/epidemiology
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